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The Significance of Naval Warfare in World War II (WWII). Mikel. Navy-significant Events Prior to WWII. Attacks on mercantile ships in WWI Treaty of Versailles’ restrictions British trade deficit 100:35 tonnage. Commerce. Why attack commerce?. British reliance on trade

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The Significance of Naval Warfare in World War II (WWII)


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navy significant events prior to wwii
Navy-significant Events Prior to WWII
  • Attacks on mercantile ships in WWI
  • Treaty of Versailles’ restrictions
  • British trade deficit
  • 100:35 tonnage
why attack commerce
Why attack commerce?
  • British reliance on trade
  • Lack of natural resources
  • Large sector of the workforce
  • Historical precedent
what were used germans
What were used?(Germans)
  • Mines
  • U-Boats
  • Surface attacks
  • Raiders disguised

as merchantmen

what were used british
What were used? (British)
  • Weaponry from WWI
  • Rationing
  • Armament of Merchantmen
  • Convoys
surface attacks
Surface Attacks
  • Admiral Scheer: 5 month operation
  • 16 ships, 100,000 registered tonnes lost
merchantmen s armament
Merchantmen’s Armament
  • Used previously in WWI
  • Swift attacks
  • Could operate in various waters
  • Ex. Atlantis
convoys importance
Convoys, Importance
  • Regulation of Gibraltar to UK
  • Important North Atlantic Movements
  • Battle of the Atlantic
  • Supply of Malta
slide13
“... The only thing that ever

reallyfrightened me

during the war was the

U-boat peril”

- Winston Churchill

the battle of the atlantic s significance
The Battle of the Atlantic’s Significance
  • The UK would serve as a “springboard”
  • Inability to move resources
slide15
“Germany's best hope of defeating Britain lay in winning what Churchill christened the 'Battle of the Atlantic'.”

- Dr. Gary Sheffild

slide17
Sinking of Japanese Merchant ships
  • Slowing/countering Japanese expansion
  • Regaining the Philippines and other territories
  • Swift movement/attacks: aircraft carrier
the importance of amphibious warfare
The Importance of Amphibious Warfare
  • Beach attacks
  • Quick expansion across borders
bibliography
Bibliography
  • Ireland, Bernard. Jane's Naval History of World War II. New York: HarperCollinsPublishers, 1998. Print.
  • Keegan, John. The Battle for History: Re-fighting World War II. New York: Vintage, 1996. Print.
  • "Battle of the Atlantic." History Web Pages. Web. 31 Aug. 2010. <http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/WW2Timeline/atlantic.html>.
  • "WORLD WAR 2 Naval Warfare - Atlantic and Pacific - Pearl Harbor, Midway." History of War Online - World War Two, World War One, Civil War. Web. 31 Aug. 2010. <http://www.historyofwaronline.com/WW2-3.html>.
  • "North Africa, WW2, Tobruk, Benghazi, Torch, Malta, Suez, Egypt, Greece, Crete, Alexandria, Med Fleet, 8th Army, Montgomery." NAVAL-HISTORY.NET. Web. 31 Aug. 2010. <http://www.naval-history.net/WW2CampaignsNorthAfrica.htm>.
  • Sheffield, Gary. "BBC - History - World Wars: The Battle of the Atlantic." BBC - Homepage. BBC. Web. 31 Aug. 2010. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/battle_atlantic_01.shtml>.
  • "The Supply of Malta 1940-1942 by Arnold Hague." NAVAL-HISTORY.NET. Web. 31 Aug. 2010. <http://www.naval-history.net/xAH-MaltaSupply01b.htm>.
  • "German Warship Scharnhorst (1936)." World War II. Web. 31 Aug. 2010. <http://anonymous-generaltopics.blogspot.com/2008/10/german-warship-scharnhorst-1936.html>.