America in World War II Life on the Home Front
Why did America enter WWII? • WWII began in 1939. • America entered the war after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941.
President Roosevelt’s Speech • Listen to FDR’s speech from December 8, 1941. • How does it make you feel? • How do you think the listeners felt that day?
Why did Japan attack America? • Japan wanted oil in the Pacific Ocean. • Wanted islands in the Pacific. • Japan had to get rid of America’s ships in the Pacific to get oil & islands.
America after Pearl Harbor • Japan=US enemy • Japanese people in America were feared to be spies. • Americans sent many Japanese Americans to relocation camps .
The sides of World War II • Axis Powers = Japan, Germany, Italy • Allied Powers = America, England, France • WWII was fought in Europe and the Pacific.
Hitler and Nazi Germany • Hitler hated Jews. • Sent people to concentration camps to die. • Hitler wanted Germany to take over the world.
Life on the Homefront • At home, civilians did all they could to help the war effort: saved oil, rationed food, collected goods, and made planes and tanks. Patriotic songs were popular. • Propaganda helped to promote patriotism, but also hatred of the Germans, Japanese.
Back on the Home front • First Germany and Italy surrendered. • Japan surrendered after atomic bombs were dropped. • Americans celebrated V-E and V-J Day.
Some questions to think about… • Why did the United States wait until after Pearl Harbor to enter World War II? • Do you think the U.S. should have gone to war against Hitler first? • Should the United States have dropped the atomic bomb? • Could the Japanese have been stopped any other way?
SC Social Studies Standards • 5.5.1 Investigate the ways people can work together to promote the principles and ideals of American democracy • 5.5.3 Identify historical figures who shaped values and principles of American democracy • 5.2.10 Analyze the causes of World War II and explain why the United States intervened • 5.2.11 Explain the impact at home and abroad of the United States involvement in World War II • 5.12.4 Explain why and how people compete for control of Earth’s surface
Works Cited • “Atomic Bombs in World War II Japan.” http://cidc.library.cornell.edu/DOF/japan/captioned/notgod.htm#top • Boehm, Richard G. (2000). United States in Modern Times. Orlando, Florida: Harcourt Brace & Company. • “V-J Day.” http://www.strandlab.com/vjday/ • Black, Wallace. (1991). Pearl Harbor! New York: Crestwood House Inc.