Disaster Recovery Plan for Libraries with Special Reference to Cloud Environment as a solution to ICT disaster Ms. Smitanjali Panda Library & Information Assistant National Library of India & ParthaSarathi Das Assistant Library & Information Officer National Library of India Belvedere, Kolkata-700027
What is a Disaster? Library of Congress defines disaster as “an emergency, which is out of control, so what we prepare for are emergencies and if our planning is successful we will not have disaster”.
Disaster Recovery Plan A Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP) is a document designed to assist an organization in recovering from data losses and restoring data assets.
Forms of Disaster Natural disasters • Rain and wind storms • Floods • Biological agents (micro-organisms, insect or vermin infestation) • Earthquakes • Volcanic eruptions Man-Made Disasters • Acts of war and terrorism • Fires • Water (broken pipes, leaking roofs, blocked drains, fire extinguishing) • Explosions • Liquid chemical spills • Building deficiencies (structure, design, environment, maintenance) • Power failures
Phases of Disaster Recovery Plan • Phase 1: Prevention • Phase 2: Preparedness • Phase 3: Response • Phase 4: Recovery
Information Technology and Disaster Management in Cloud environment ESG defines a “cloud infrastructure as follows: A computing model in which the equipment—including servers, storage, and networking components—used to support an organization's IT operations is hosted by a service provider and made available to customers over a network, typically the Internet. The service provider owns the equipment and is responsible for housing, running, and maintaining it, with the client typically paying on a per-use basis.”
Potential threats to Cloud Computing • Data Ownership • Network Connections Dependency • Security
Conclusion & Recommendations • All the libraries should adopt a Disaster Recovery Policy to ensure the “emergency preparedness” in case of any natural or anthropogenic disasters. • Before planning, it is pertinent to study the geographical location of the library and climatic condition of the area. • Compulsory Fire Audit should be undertaken by all the libraries annually. • Cloud storage may be very economical, safe and convenient solution for real-time backup of created data and digitized data, provided the data is not sensitive and has no risk of data pilferage. • Small libraries with minimum infrastructure may take the advantage of automation in cloud along with other software application without investing at onsite.