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In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion. Chapter 14. _____________________________________________________. Structure of the chapter: The Modern Challenges to Religion Non-Modern Religious Beliefs Today MODERN RELIGION Modern Religion and Other Stages.

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slide1

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

Structure of the chapter:

The Modern Challenges to Religion

Non-Modern Religious Beliefs Today

MODERN RELIGION

Modern Religion and Other Stages

slide2

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • Modern Challenges to Religion
  • scientific worldviews
  • secularity
  • autonomous selfhood
  • the tentativeness of
  • knowledge.
slide3

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • The Challenge of
  • Scientific Worldviews
  • -- naturalism (no miracles)?
  • -- aimless universe?
  • -- darwinism and its challenges (ch. 12)
slide4

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • The Challenge of
  • Secularity
  • give up other-worldliness
  • to improve this world:
  • seek to decrease
  • war, poverty, disease, child
  • abuse, abuse of women,
  • slavery, torture, oppression of
  • the weak, injustice . . . .

Migrant Mother, photo by Dorothea Lange, mid ’30s

slide5

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • The Challenge of
  • Autonomous selfhood

OR: obey God,

follow religious

tradition; do what

the Church says.

slide6

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • The Challenge of
  • The tentativeness of knowledge

OR:

slide7

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

Structure of the chapter:

The Modern Challenges to Religion

Non-Modern Religious Beliefs Today

MODERN RELIGION

Modern Religion and Other Stages

slide8

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

Non-Modern Religious Beliefs Today

Amish in the City –

And numerous traditional

Religious groups today.

David Koresh,

Branch Davidians, Waco

Rev. Pat Robertson

Famous fundamentalist

slide9

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

Non-Modern Religious Beliefs Today

For the essay exam, be able to indicate how these three groups

– fundamentalists, sects like the Amish, and a “cult” like Brand Davidians –

React to the four challenges of modernity.

slide10

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

Structure of the chapter:

The Modern Challenges to Religion

Non-Modern Religious Beliefs Today

MODERN RELIGION

Modern Religion and Other Stages

slide11

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews

slide12

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science
  • Unite religion with science
  • Wait for further developments.
slide13

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
slide14

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • We will review 4 theologians and a skeptic,
  • just to see a range of responses to science.
slide15

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”

Friedrich Schleiermacher

1768-1834

slide16

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • Cultural context:
  • Deism had eliminated miracles.
  • biblical miracles, the incarnation
  • and resurrection of Jesus !?
slide17

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • -- true religion = experience of the
  • divine Whole on which the entire
  • universe depends.
  • This experience is “God-consciousness.”
slide18

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • -- true religion = experience of the
  • divine Whole on which the entire
  • universe depends.
  • Religion does not depend on external
  • evidence like science does.
  • It is entirely separate from science.
slide19

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • -- true religion = experience of the
  • divine Whole on which the entire
  • universe depends.
  • True religion does not depend on
  • belief in miracles.
  • [a concession to deism??]
slide20

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • -- true religion = experience of the
  • divine Whole on which the entire
  • universe depends.
  • -- all doctrines are just symbolic attempts
  • to express the basic religious experience.
slide21

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • -- all doctrines are just symbolic
  • expressions of the basic
  • religious experience.
  • -- e.g. idea that Jesus is divine
  • as well as human ?
slide22

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • -- e.g. idea that Jesus is divine
  • as well as human ?
  • Just a symbol of this: Jesus had
  • the greatest God-consciousness
slide23

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • -- e.g. belief in a life after death?
slide24

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • -- e.g. belief in a life after death?
  • This is just a symbolic way of
  • expressing trust that at death a
  • person enters into final unity with
  • the Whole.
slide25

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • -- result: no LITERAL
  • incarnation of God in Jesus,
  • nor life after death.
  • “Fundamentalism” defined itself
  • as a rejection of “liberal theology”
  • in the early 1900s. (See ch. 12)
slide26

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • Rudolph Otto (the “numinous” guy)

God = mystery, fascinating & terrifying.

This God can be found through religious

experience or feeling,

as Schleiermacher said.

1869-1937

slide27

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • In between Schl and Otto: Feuerbach
  • Rudolph Otto (the “numinous” guy)
  • More people accept Otto than Feuerbach

1869-1937

slide28

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • b.Ludwig Feuerbach
  • “inner experience can deceive us”

1804-1872

slide29

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • b.Ludwig Feuerbach
  • “inner experience can deceive us”
  • We have a capacity for the infinite.
  • The infinite scares us
  • So we “project” a comforting image
  • into the sky: God, made in our own image.

1804-1872

slide30

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • b.Ludwig Feuerbach
  • We attribute to this “God”
  • our own powers of thought and
  • free choice, made perfect.
  • Then we submit to this fiction we
  • have created.

1804-1872

slide31

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • b.Ludwig Feuerbach
  • He did not prove God does not exist.
  • But he planted the suspicion.
  • Both Marx and Freud used this theory.
  • These 3 = “masters of suspicion.”

1804-1872

slide32

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • In between Schl and Otto: Feuerbach
  • Rudolph Otto (the “numinous” guy)
  • More people accept Otto than Feuerbach.
  • Nonetheless, Feuerbach made people nervous.

1869-1937

slide33

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • b. Feuerbach’s suspicion
  • c. Karl Barth’s “neo-orthodoxy”

1886-1968

slide34

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • b. Feuerbach’s suspicion
  • c. Karl Barth’s “neo-orthodoxy”

1886-1968

slide35

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • b. Feuerbach’s suspicion
  • c. Karl Barth’s “neo-orthodoxy”
  • no miracles
  • but faith is God’s gift
  • not something to be proven
  • or disproven by science.
slide36

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • b. Feuerbach’s suspicion
  • c. Karl Barth’s “neo-orthodoxy”
  • d. Rudolph Bultmann’s
  • “Christian existentialism”

1884-1976

slide37

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmann’s
  • “Christian existentialism”
  • We do “ex-ist” in the universe.
slide38

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmann’s
  • “Christian existentialism”
  • We do “ex-ist” in the universe.
  • Shall we then despair?
slide39

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmann’s
  • “Christian existentialism”
  • We do “ex-ist” in the universe.
  • Shall we then despair?
  • No: say “nevertheless”
  • I will have courage,
  • inspired by Christ.

Salvador Dali, 1954.

slide40

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmann’s
  • “Christian existentialism”
  • This echoed the position of
  • Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
  • Fear and Trembling: Abraham.
slide41

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmann’s
  • “Christian existentialism”
  • This echoed the position of
  • Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
  • Fear and Trembling: Abraham.
slide42

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmann’s
  • “Christian existentialism”
  • This echoed the position of
  • Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
  • Fear and Trembling: Abraham.
slide43

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermacher’s “liberal theology”
  • b. Feuerbach’s suspicion
  • c. Karl Barth’s “neo-orthodoxy”
  • d. Rudolph Bultmann’s
  • “Christian existentialism”
  • e. Mircea Eliade’s phenomenology of religion
slide44

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • e. Mircea Eliade’s phenomenology of religion
  • Experience of the sacred is
  • “sui generis” -- unique.
  • The sacred cannot be grasped
  • by non-sacred methods.
  • (Primitive people are closer
  • to the sacred than moderns.)
  • [end of section on segregate]
slide45

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
slide46

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • [First -- two people to ignore for the exam:]

G. W. F. Hegel (1770-1831)

Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947

slide47

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • A person to recall: agnostic Julian Huxley
slide48

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • A person to recall: agnostic Julian Huxley
  • and his friend Pere Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, S.J.
slide49

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • proposed a Christian version
  • of Huxley’s theory

1881- 1955

slide50

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
slide51

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • differentiation
  • complexification
  • conscientization:
  • DESIGN
slide52

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • differentiation
  • complexification
  • conscientization
  • OMEGA POINT--
  • union of all with the divine
slide53

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • OMEGA POINT--
  • union with the divine
  • History of the universe
  • driving towards unity: LOVE
slide54

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • (He was forbidden to publish
  • his ideas. When he died in
  • 1955 they were still treated as
  • dangerous -- But eventually:
slide55

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Mysticized Science:
  • mingle knowledge of the universe with
  • experiencing it as sacred
  • [ignore these names also: Bohm, Davies.]
slide56

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two more modern “arguments from design”:
slide57

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two more modern “arguments from design”:
  • a. Anthropic Principle (“fine tuning”)
  • The apparent randomness of the universe
  • is not so random after all.
slide58

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • a. Anthropic Principle
  • Also called the
  • Goldilocks argument –
  • everything is “just right.”
slide59

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two more modern “arguments from design”:
  • a. Anthropic Principle (“fine tuning”)
  • The whole structure and history of the
  • universe looks as though it were
  • designed to allow life to appear -- and us.
slide60

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews

a. Anthropic Principle

slide61

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews

a. Anthropic Principle

slide62

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two arguments from design
  • a. Anthropic Principle
  • Each basic force is finely tuned
  • to cumulatively produce a universe
  • with galaxies of stars heavy elements,
  • making planets like ours possible
slide63

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two arguments from design
  • a. Anthropic Principle
  • Each basic force is finely tuned
  • to cumulatively produce a universe
  • with galaxies of stars heavy elements,
  • making planets like ours possible -- and US.
slide64

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two arguments from design
  • a. Anthropic Principle
  • This is not Paley’s argument that LIFE is too
  • complex to be the result of accident.
  • It argues that life could arise and develop by
  • natural selection only because the whole
  • universe was finely tuned from the start.
slide65

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two more modern “arguments from design”:
  • a. Anthropic Principle (“fine tuning”)
  • b. “Intelligent Design”
  • (all arguments from design can be named this --
  • BUT: )
slide66

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • b. “Intelligent Design”
  • Wm Dembski’s design inference:
slide67

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews

Three different approaches:

b. “Intelligent Design”

Wm Dembski’s design inference:

Find “highly specified complexity.”

Did it happen by accident? No.

Do the laws of nature produce it?

Did it have to have been designed then? Yes.

NATURALISM IS WRONG (?)

slide68

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews

Three different approaches:

b. “Intelligent Design”

Wm Dembski’s design inference:

Find “highly specified complexity.”

Did it happen by accident? No.

Do the laws of nature produce it? No.

Did it have to have been designed then? Yes.

ALTERNATIVE: NATURAL SELECTION

slide69

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches:
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Patient Moderation about Religion and Science
  • “Modern” forms of religion usually say:
  • Adapt when reasonable to do so--
  • e.g., Copernicus,
  • Darwin

End of part 1 of ch. 14

slide70

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity

Modern religion values this world

The Human Home.

God-given,

to be made better

in answer to a divine call,

to love one another.

slide71

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity

Modern religion values this world

E.g., Bishop Robinson’s 1960

Honest to God

promotes “worldly holiness” --

Find God in creation and others.

Practice religious humanism:

trust that God empowers us

to seek and achieve greater human well-being

slide72

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity

Modern religion values this world

E.g., Liberation Theologies --

Latin American, black, feminist

slide73

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity

Modern religion values this world

E.g., Liberation Theologies --

Latin American:

preferential option for

the poor and oppressed

Gustavo Gutierrez

1927 --

slide74

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity

Modern religion values this world

E.g., Black Liberation Theology

James Cone,

"Black Theology and Black Power,” 1969

“The truth about injustice

always sounds outrageous”

slide75

In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

Chapter 14

_____________________________________________________

MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity

Modern religion values this world

E.g., Feminist Theology

Recovering the story of women,

giving them a history/reality,

and equal status in the human

family before God.

Phyllis Trible

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MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity

Modern religion values this world

E.g., “Deep Ecology”

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MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity

Modern religion values this world

E.g., “Deep Ecology”

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  • MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity
  • Modern religion values this world
  • E.g., “Deep Ecology”
  • Older view:
  • Bible gives humans dominion over earth.
  • The end of the world is not far off.
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MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity

Modern religion values this world

E.g., “Deep Ecology”

Newer view:

Humans = stewards.

Care for God’s

great creation.

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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood

A kind of humanism.

  • Humanism implies --
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood

  • Humanism implies
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Contrast traditional Xtn view:
  • We are fallen sinners.
  • Pride is the worst of sins.

Dirk Bouts, d. 1475.

“The Fall of the Damned,”

ca. 1450.

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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood

  • Humanism implies
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Contrast traditional Xtn view
  • With humanism:
  • we are imperfect but capable of great good
  • With Xtn humanism, capable as God made us:
  • trust in personhood, as
  • image & likeness of God
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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood

  • Humanism implied
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Xtn humanism = “implicit faith”
  • that acting “autonomously”
  • is living by the value of personhood.
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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood

  • Humanism implied
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Xtn humanism = “implicit faith”
  • that acting “autonomously”
  • is living by the value of personhood.
  • Recall: autonomy = taking responsibility
  • through inner reflection and choice.
  • This = “authentic human existence.”
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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood

  • Humanism implied
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Xtn humanism = “implicit faith”
  • faith that Personhood
  • is the ultimate truth –
  • that “God” is the ultimate truth,
  • that our freedom is an ‘image’ of that God.
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MODERN RELIGION and 4) tentativeness of knl.

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MODERN RELIGION and 4) tentativeness of knl.

Can Jews, Christians, Muslims, Hindus, etc.

treat their sacred texts and traditions as tentative?

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MODERN RELIGION and 4) tentativeness of knl.

Can Jews, Christians, Muslims, Hindus, etc.

treat their sacred texts and traditions as tentative?

Modern religious thinkers say:

the Ultimate is infinitely

greater than our knowledge.

Even the truth of scripture and

tradition cannot contain the

full truth of God, Allah, etc.

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MODERN RELIGION and 4) tentativeness of knl.

Can Jews, Christians, Muslims, Hindus, etc.

treat their sacred texts and traditions as tentative?

Modern religious thinkers say:

We should not be surprised

that we are still on a journey

of discovery about the

Ultimate.

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Structure of the chapter:

The Modern Challenges to Religion

Non-Modern Religious Beliefs Today

MODERN RELIGION

Summed up in last paragraph on p. 308

Modern Religion and Other Stages

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MODERN RELIGION and other stages of religion

The stages tend to accumulate:

primitive + archaic + historic + modern

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MODERN RELIGION and other stages of religion

The stages tend to accumulate:

primitive + archaic + historic + modern

historic modern

Archaic

Primitive

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MODERN RELIGION and other stages of religion

The stages tend to accumulate:

primitive + archaic + historic + modern

Modern can reject earlier modes???

Better to draw upon them:

imagination of primitive

narratives and images of archaic

intellectual and mystical sophistication of historic

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MODERN RELIGION and other stages of religion

The stages tend to accumulate:

primitive + archaic + historic + modern

Modern can reject earlier modes???

Better to draw upon them:

imagination of primitive

narratives and images of archaic

intellectual & mystical sophistication of historic

Balanced by scientific understanding, secularity,

autonomy, and openness to development ?

End of ch. 14