Chapter 11. Introduction. The archaeology of the last 9,000 years in Europe reveals remarkable transition. Events ranged from the first farmers to the Roman conquests.
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Almost immediately after agriculture spread to western and northern Europe at the beginning of the fourth millennium B.C., farming societies began to erect massive stone structures, known as megaliths.
These structures usually involved burial areas which were buried beneath a mound of earth to create an artificial cave.
Tens of thousands of megaliths are found across Europe.
Radiocarbon dates indicate an age between 4,000 and 2,000 B.C.
Such structures provide evidence of the impact of agriculture on the inhabitants of western Europe.