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Reconstruction. Ch 2.5. Tuesday, February 14, 2012. Daily goal: Understand the failures of Reconstruction and what African American life was like after it ended. Differentiate between the 3 different plans for Reconstruction. Reconstruction. Rebuilding the nation after the Civil War.

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tuesday february 14 2012
Tuesday, February 14, 2012
  • Daily goal: Understand the failures of Reconstruction and what African American life was like after it ended. Differentiate between the 3 different plans for Reconstruction.
reconstruction1
Reconstruction
  • Rebuilding the nation after the Civil War.
  • 3 different plans:
  • Pres Lincoln’s
  • Pres Johnson’s
  • Radical Republican’s
13 th amendment
13th Amendment
  • Permanently banned slavery in the US.
lincoln s plan
Lincoln’s Plan
  • General amnesty to all Southerners who took an oath of loyalty to the US.
  • States could form new govs when 10% took loyalty oath.
  • Former Confederates could not join new gov’t.
freedmen
freedmen
  • Thousands of former slaves who needed food and shelter.
  • Congress established the Freedmen’s Bureau to help former slaves find jobs, food and shelter.
slide9

PRESIDENT LINCOLN ASSASSINATED APRIL 14, 1865

MURDERED BY JOHN WILKES BOOTH, A LOYAL CONFEDERATE SOUTHERNER WHO BELIEVED THAT HE WAS AVENGING THE SOUTH WHEN HE ASSASSINATED THE PRESIDENT

johnson s plan
Johnson’s Plan
  • Andrew Johnson became Pres when Lincoln died and he sympathized with the South.
  • Similar to Lincoln’s plan, but allowed former Confederates back into gov’t and did not protect freed slaves’ rights.
black codes
Black Codes
  • Laws passed in the South which limited the rights of African Americans and kept them nearly as slaves.
radical republican s plan
Radical Republican’s plan
  • The Military Reconstruction Act split the South into 5 military districts occupied by the Union Army.
  • Army had orders to protect the rights of freed African Americans.
14 th amendment
14th Amendment
  • Guaranteed citizenship to all persons born in the US declared that no state could deprive any person of life, liberty or property without “due process of law.”
15 th amendment
15th Amendment
  • The right to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.
slide22
KKK
  • Terrorized African Americans and any whites who helped them.
  • Threatened African Americans with violence if they voted or tried to use their new freedoms.
reconstruction ends
Reconstruction ends
  • Compromise of 1877 pulled the Union troops out of the South ending Reconstruction.
  • What good are laws when no one enforces them?
back to the plantations
Back to the plantations
  • Most African Americans couldn’t afford to buy land.
  • Some became tenant farmers paying rent for the land they farmed.
  • Others became sharecroppers who paid rent on the land with a share of their crops.
  • The rent was so high they were constantly in debt and tied to the land.