Reconstruction. Mrs. Cord. The southern economy had been ruined by the war. Charleston, South Carolina: Broad Street, 1865. President Lincoln’s Plan. End war as quickly as possible Only 10% of people had to swear allegiance to Union before they could reenter the Union.
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The southern economy had been ruined by the war. Charleston, South Carolina: Broad Street, 1865
A political cartoon of Andrew Johnson and Abraham Lincoln, 1865, entitled "The Rail Splitter At Work Repairing the Union." The caption reads (Johnson): Take it quietly Uncle Abe and I will draw it closer than ever. (Lincoln): A few more stitches Andy and the good old Union will be mended.
Protect rights of newly freed slaves
Freedman’s Bureau Bill
Congress refused to admit Southern officials
“Radical Republicans” won a majority-passed tougher Reconstruction Laws (because of violence in South against former slaves)
Black Codes – a revival of slave codes
Elected former Confederates to leadership
A Harper's Magazine political cartoon alleging Ku Klux Klan and White League opposition to Reconstruction
The debate over reconstruction and the Freedman's Bureau was nationwide. This 1866 Pennsylvania election poster alleged that the Bureau kept the Negro in idleness at the expense of the hard working white taxpayer. A racist caricature of an African American is depicted.[7
“equal protection” and “due process”
Foner, Eric and Mahoney, Olivia. America's Reconstruction: People and Politics After the Civil War.ISBN 0-8071-2234-3, short well-illustrated survey