PSYA2 – Social Influence. Obedience. “More hideous crimes have been committed in the name of obedience than in the name of rebellion” C P Snow. In groups: think of examples of where social influence has had a dramatic effect on individuals’ behaviour. Obedience in action….
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At least 3 million people killed in Nazi concentration camps as a result of Nazi propaganda
The Jonestown massacre: in 1978, over 900 women, men and children died after being ordered to drink cyanide by cult leader Jim Jones
9/11: nearly 3,000 people killed by suicide bombers acting for Al-Qaeda
Watch the video clip
How violent 1-3
Orne & Holland said participants knew the situation wasn't real but went along with it anyway (demand characteristics)
“I observed a mature and initially poised businessman enter the laboratory smiling and confident. Within 20 minutes he was reduced to a twitching, shuddering wreck, who was rapidly approaching nervous collapse. He constantly pulled on his ear lobe, and twisted his hands. At one point he pushed his fist into his forehead and muttered ‘Oh God, lets stop it’. An yet he continued to respond to every word of the experimenter, and obeyed to the end.”
The research suggest that in certain situations we ignore moral codes and our disposition (Personality) in order to obey Authority.
What other criticisms about validity were there?
Working in groups of two or three, you need to make your own handout, or a poster explaining the research by Stanley Milgram (1963).
You should also include
Pages 163-169 will help!! Plus various worksheets
Evaluateeach other’s work
Rate it for the following..
All points covered – expt, varaiations, criticisms of ethics and validity
Justify your evaluation
Hofling (1966) – see p166
There are various worksheets you could use to construct an essay relating to Obedience
Choose one of them and complete for homework