The Tudors. The Tudors were a royal family who ruled England from 1485 until 1603.The first Tudor king was called Henry VII.He fought another king, Richard III, at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. Richard was killed, Henry became king, and a new period of history began.. Henry VII. The Tudors. This is the Tudor family tree. It shows when people were born, when they died, who they married and how many children they had..