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Feminism and Social Reform. Popular Culture: the Tango. Feminism and Social Reform in Argentina. Education and Reform Three paths to feminism in Latin America – education, work issues and political issues (motherist politics, resistance to dictatorship, political party politics)

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feminism and social reform

Feminism and Social Reform

Popular Culture: the Tango

feminism and social reform in argentina
Feminism and Social Reform in Argentina
  • Education and Reform
    • Three paths to feminism in Latin America – education, work issues and political issues (motherist politics, resistance to dictatorship, political party politics)
      • Significance of literacy to female-focused politics
      • Implications of Sarmiento’s efforts to promote both female literacy and female educators
      • Role of normal schools – ensure a dominant role for middle class females in education as work and as process
      • Working class often needed literacy to communicate efforts
        • Use of adult education schools by Socialists
        • Publication of Socialist and Anarchist newspapers with female focused content – Even the Radicals organized women
feminism and social reform in argentina3
Feminism and Social Reform in Argentina
  • Education and Reform
    • Earliest feminists ranked as first to enter male professions
      • Cecelia Grierson, first female physician to graduate from UBA Medical School, 1889
        • Granddaughter of Scottish immigrants
        • All female relatives were teachers and midwives from Entre Ríos
        • Created Bs As branch of International Council on Women
        • Set of first school of nursing in Argentina to limit influence of Catholic Church
        • Supported Socialist feminism and favored reforms of the Civil Code before voting rights
feminism and social reform in argentina4
Feminism and Social Reform in Argentina
  • Education and Reform
    • Earliest feminists ranked as first to enter male professions
      • Gabriela Laperrière de Coni, born in France
        • Educated as a writer
        • Came to Argentina and worked as socialist journalist to advocate better working conditions for women
        • Promoted anti-tuberculosis campaign of husband, Emilio R. Coni
      • Feminists organized to found Argentine Association of University Women, 1902
        • Comprised of doctors, dentists and teachers
feminism and social reform in argentina6
Feminism and Social Reform in Argentina
  • Education and Reform
    • Role of Argentine Socialist Party
      • Believed in equal work for equal pay, divorce, civil code reforms, protective legislation for women
      • Advocated rights of immigrants, participation of women in politics
      • Problem: even more difficult for women to get citizenship than men
        • Only those married to famous men could hope for citizenship
      • Anti-clerical and many anti-female laws linked to Canon Law
feminism and social reform in argentina7
Feminism and Social Reform in Argentina
  • Education and Reform
    • Role of Anarchist Movement
      • Anticlerical and anti-marriage
      • Anarchist women had particularly clear views of private patriarchy drawn from the experiences with their colleagues!!
    • Major Gender Reforms prior to 1930
      • 1907 – Protective labor legislation for women and children
      • 1913 – Ley Palacios
      • 1924 Expanded labor laws
      • Reforms of the Civil Code to empower married women
    • Lost battles: adoption laws, divorce laws, female suffrage