Photography and Social Reform By: Sophie Softley-Pierce and Annmarie Cellino
Jacob Riis • Born in Denmark 1849 • 1870 immigrated to America • America booming with industry and corruption as evolved from agricultural economy • Industrial Revolution means need for cheap labor results in an influx of immigrants • A ‘muckraking journalist’ – serve the public interest by exposing issues of corruption and unsanitary conditions • Identified that the printed word alone was not sufficient to provoke a reaction
5 Greek Children in Gotham Court
Lewis Hine • Born 1874 • 1904 began work with the National Child Labor Committee • 1907 NCLC gave Hine his first assigned project • Photography as ‘a lever for social uplift’ • Focus of photography on child labor • Researching and informing the public through his photographs • Appealed to viewer’s emotions
The overseer said apologetically, "She just happened in." She was working steadily. The mills seem full of youngsters who "just happened in" or "are helping sister." Newberry, S.C. 8
9 A young driver in the Brown mine. Has been driving one year. Works 7 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. daily. Brown W. Va.
10 Some boys and girls were so small they had to climb up on to the spinning frame to mend broken threads and to put back the empty bobbins. Bibb Mill No. 1. Macon, Ga.