Chapter 4

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# Chapter 4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Chapter 4. Equilibrium Under the Action of Concurrent Forces. CONCURRENT FORCES. Concurrent forces are forces whose lines of action all pass through a common point. . The forces acting on a point object are concurrent because they all pass through the same point, the point object. EQUILIBRIUM.

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## Chapter 4

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Presentation Transcript

### Chapter 4

Equilibrium Under the Action of Concurrent Forces

CONCURRENT FORCES
• Concurrent forces are forces whose lines of action all pass through a common point.
• The forces acting on a point object are concurrent because they all pass through the same point, the point object.
EQUILIBRIUM
• AN OBJECT IS IN EQUILIBRIUM under the action of concurrent forces provided the object is not accelerating.
This condition is sufficient for equilibrium when the external forces are concurrent.
• A second condition must also be satisfied if an object is to be in equilibrium under non-concurrent forces.
PROBLEM SOLUTION METHOD (CONCURRENT FORCES)

(1) Isolate the object for discussion.

(2) Show the forces acting on the isolated object in a free-body diagram.

(3) Find the rectangular components of each force.

(4) Write the first condition for equilibrium in equation form. (Actually write Newton’s Second Law and set the acceleration equal to zero.)

(5) Solve for the required quantities.

THE WEIGHT OF AN OBJECT is essentially the force with which gravity pulls downward upon it.
• THE TENSILE FORCE acting on a string or cable or chain (or indeed, on any structural member) is the applied force tending to stretch it. The scalar magnitude of the tensile force is the tension.
THE FRICTION FORCE is the tangential force acting on an object that opposes the sliding of that object across an adjacent surface with which it is in contact. The friction force is parallel to the surface and opposite to the direction of motion or of impending motion.
• THE NORMAL FORCE on an object that is being supported by a surface is the component of the supporting force that is perpendicular to the surface.
PULLEYS

Statement in text is confusing at best. Examples will be discussed as they occur.