Ch. 20: Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade. Portugal led the way in exploring the African coast Established cities/factories for trade El Mina Luanda Other nations followed Portugal, brought competition Development of sugar plantations = need for slave labor. The Atlantic Slave Trade.
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Established cities/factories for trade
Other nations followed Portugal, brought competition
Development of sugar plantations = need for slave laborThe Atlantic Slave Trade
El Mina, a Portuguese coastal fortress
Asante (Ashanti) rose to prominence during the slave trade
Ruled along the Gold Coast
Ruled for two centuries (1650-1820)
Traded slaves for European firearms
Swahili Coast on the East Coast of Africa brought ivory, gold, slaves from the interiorWest Coast: Asante/Dahomey& East Coast: Swahili/Sudan
Southern expansion brought Dutch contact
Settlers moving inland from Cape Colony looking for farmland
British control from 1815 led to warfare with Bantu
Boer Great TrekSouth Africa