The Bantu People Migration from 3000 BCE—1100 CE through Sub-Saharan Africa. By Priyanka Juneja, Sasha Ree, and Lauretta Zhao. Regional Impact – Central Africa. Regional Impact – East Africa. Regional Impact – West Africa. Regional Impact – South Africa. Chronology.
By Priyanka Juneja, Sasha Ree, and Lauretta Zhao
This shows the approximate distribution of African languages that are spoken today. The orange represents the Bantu languages, which shows how widely spoken the Bantu language is throughout Africa.
This map shows the early age iron findings in sub-Saharan Africa. As shown, the areas where the iron findings occurred parallels the Bantu migrations which show how the Bantu migrations affected the African knowledge of iron smelting.
This picture shows the progression of the Bantu migrations throughout Africa. This map traces the large expanse of the Bantu people's migrations.
1 = 2000–1500 BC origin2 = ca.1500 BC first migrations2.a = Eastern Bantu, 2.b = Western Bantu3 = 1000–500 BC Urewe nucleus of Eastern Bantu4–7 = southward advance9 = 500 BC–0 Congo nucleus10 = 0–1000 AD last phase
The impacts of Bantu migrations on the various regions of Africa are very similar as their culture is essentially sustained throughout this period. In the field of politics, the Bantu migrations created local administration that later evolved into a more centralized government. The Bantu also had many intellectual innovations, such as their use and maintenance of the Bantu languages. They also promoted the same land clearing techniques throughout Africa. Religion was also essentially the same. It was pantheistic, and very tolerant in nature allowing for most of them to be converted to Christianity. In the field of economics, the Bantu depended mostly on agriculture and introduced new fruits like bananas and yams. However the artistic impacts do vary. In South Africa the Zulu made wooden figures and clay models of cattle. The Ndebele of the modern province of South Africa painted and decorated their walls. Artistic basketry, pottery, the carving of wooden vessels, stools and headrests, ceremonial weapons, spoons, pipes, and beadwork was also prevalent in both South and East Africa. However the Kuba, who created masks that represented deities and spirits and were worn on special occasions by select people like the community head dancer, were spread throughout Africa. Societal impacts varied as well. The Bantu migrations enabled the creation of many new ethnic groups derived from the Bantu. Each region grew distinct ethnic groups. In East Africa Shona, the Xhosa, the Kikuyu, and the Zulu were created. IN West Africa the Herero and Tonga formed and in the south Zimbabwe, Dhlo-Dhlo, Kilwa, and Sofala stone-states were created.