Migration of the Bantus & Great Zimbabwe Chapter 7 Section 3
The Bantu People • Starting in 1000 BC the Bantu people began migrating from Northwest Central Africa to the rest of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa.
WhoWereThey? • The Bantu were semi-nomadic subsistence farmers who followed Africa’s river systems to plant their crops. • As they peacefully moved across Africa, they spread knowledge of iron working and important crops like sorghum, millet, and yams. • They also spread their language and culture. • Even today the national language of Kenya and Tanzania is Swahili—a Bantu language with Arabic influence.
Great Zimbabwe • Around 1000 AD descendents of the Bantu migration into southern Africa founded Great Zimbabwe along the Zambezi River. • Between 1300 and 1450 AD Great Zimbabwe was the most wealthy and powerful civilization in Southern Africa • The ruins of The Great Enclosure are the most impressive evidence of Zimbabwe’s power and global trade.