Hearing and Deafness 1. Anatomy & physiology. Chris Darwin. Web site for lectures, lecture notes and filtering lab: http://www.lifesci.susx.ac.uk/home/Chris_Darwin/. safari. Outer, middle & inner ear. Capture; Amplify mid-freqs Vertical direction coding. Protection
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Web site for lectures, lecture notes and filtering lab:
Capture; Amplify mid-freqs
Vertical direction coding
Each point on the membrane responds best to a different frequency: high freq at base, low at apex.
radial afferent (blue) lateral efferent (pink)
spiral afferent (green) medial efferent (red)
Auditory nerve connected to inner hair cell tends to fire
at the same phase of the stimulating waveform.
No OHC movement
With OHC movement
OHCs are relatively more active for quiet sounds than for loud sounds.
They only amplify sounds that have the characteristic frequency of their place.
Inner hair-cell damage
Mostly a combination of OHC and IHC damage
Becomes linear, so
No combination tones
Or two-tone suppression