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5.3: Components Of Fitness. Flexibility. Speed. Strength Power. Agility. Reaction Time. Balance. Muscular Endurance. Co-Ordination. Cardio-Vascular Endurance. Health Related Components Of Fitness. Cardio-Vascular Endurance Muscular Endurance Strength Flexibility Body Type.

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5.3: Components Of Fitness






Reaction Time





Cardio-Vascular Endurance

health related components of fitness
Health Related Components Of Fitness
  • Cardio-Vascular Endurance
  • Muscular Endurance
  • Strength
  • Flexibility
  • Body Type
sport related components of fitness
Sport Related Components Of Fitness
  • Agility
  • Speed
  • Reaction Time
  • Balance (Static and Dynamic)
  • Co-ordination
  • Power
cardio vascular endurance
Cardio-Vascular Endurance
  • The ability of the heart and lungs to provide energy for the working muscles over a period of time.
  • For example, completing a long distance race.
muscular endurance
Muscular Endurance
  • The ability of a muscle or muscle group to work repeatedly over a period of time.
  • For example, competing a rowing race.
  • The ability of a muscle or muscle group to apply a force to overcome a resistance. This can be static or dynamic.
  • For example, lifting a heavy weight.
  • The range of movement around a joint.
  • For example, doing the splits in gymnastics.
body type
Body Type
  • There are 3 body types: endomorph (prop), mesomorph (swimmer) and ectomorph (high jumper). Body type is made up of body size and composition.
  • For example, jockeys and darts players can have very different body types and both be successful.
  • The ability to change direction at pace.
  • For example, goalkeeper diving to save a shot.
  • The ability to perform a movement quickly.
  • For example, 100m sprint.
reaction time
Reaction Time
  • The ability to respond quickly to stimuli.
  • For example, reacting to the gun at the start of a race.
static balance
Static Balance
  • The ability to maintain equilibrium while still.
  • For example, a handstand in gymnastics.
dynamic balance
Dynamic Balance
  • The ability to maintain equilibrium while moving.
  • For example, dribbling a football at speed.
co ordination
  • The ability to use senses and body parts to perform motor skills fluently and accurately.
  • For example, catching the ball in a lineout.
  • Speed times strength.
  • For example, hitting an ice hockey puck.
homework to be completed by next lesson
Homework: To Be Completed By Next Lesson
  • 1. Give a specific example of each of the components of fitness from a sport of your choice. (Different to those already given)
  • 2. Describe the components of fitness most important for the following sportsmen and explain why:
      • a. A prop in rugby.
      • b. a goal-keeper in soccer
      • c. an Olympic gymnast
      • d. a 100m runner.
      • e. a downhill skier