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Get Smart

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  1. Get Smart On the Additional Instructions & Guidelines for Referees And Assistant Referees

  2. Additional Instructions and Guidelines for Referees and Assistant Referees • What is it? • Replaces Instructions/Resolutions for State/National competitions • In FIFA edition of LOTG (1st issued in 2007) • Not included in USSF edition • Annual updates expected • Why? • Consistent interpretations and procedures, arranged by Laws • Where? • Download and print from or from

  3. A Few Friendly Test Questions

  4. Law 1 – The Field of Play • A player uses his foot to make unauthorized marks on the field of play • Is it illegal? • What if it’s the goalkeeper? • What action do you take? • If done before the match • If done during play

  5. Law 2 – The Ball • How many additional balls can you use? • An “extra ball” enters the field of play a) Stop play immediately and have it removed b) Stop play only if it interferes c) Have it removed at earliest possible opportunity if it does not interfere d) b and c above are correct procedures

  6. Law 3 – The Number of Players • The Referee can deny a substitution request when a) There is little time remaining in half/game b) A youth team coach is requesting a substitution at every allowable stoppage c) A substitute is not ready to enter the field d) Any and all of the above

  7. Law 3 – The Number of Players • T or F: A player who is about to be replaced refuses to leave the field. The referee should continue play. • T or F: Anyone not listed as a player, substitute or team official is an outside agent. • T or F: A player who has been sent off is an outside agent. • T or F: A team official who enters the field of play must be removed and expelled from the area. • What if it is an outside agent? TRUE TRUE TRUE FALSE

  8. Law 3 – The Number of Players • A player re-enters w/out the referee’s permission. You should: A) Stop play immediately if player interferes B) Allow play to go on if no interference or advantage C) Caution player for entering w/o permission • Order player to leave the field if necessary • All of the above • A substitute or substituted player enters w/out the referee’s permission. . . What is different? • Caution for Unsporting Behavior. Must leave.

  9. Law 3 – The Number of Players • A team has fewer than 7 players because one deliberately left the field of play T or F: The referee is not obliged to stop the match T or F: Advantage may be played. T or F: The referee should allow the match to resume after the ball has gone out of play if the team can’t field the minimum number of 7 players. False – Don’t restart with fewer than 7 TRUE TRUE

  10. Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment • T or F: GK jerseys are the same color and neither has another jersey to change into, the referee shall allow play to begin. • T or F: A player who has lost a shoe continues play and scores a goal. The referee shall disallow the goal and restart play with an IFK. • T or F: Players may wear personal protective equipment if it poses no danger to any player. • T or F: Using tape to cover jewelry is acceptable if the referee inspects and determines it’s not dangerous. TRUE FALSE TRUE FALSE

  11. Referee Jewelry(Guidance is finally put in writing) • The Additional Instructions state: “Referees are also prohibited from wearing jewelry (except for a watch or similar device for timing a match).”

  12. Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment • A player is discovered wearing a necklace during play. The referee’s initial action is to: • Stop play and order the player off the field • Inform the player to remove the necklace • If unable or unwilling to comply order the player to leave the field immediately • Caution the player for wearing the necklace

  13. Law 5 – The Referee • An object thrown by a spectator strikes AR2, depending on the severity of the incident the referee may: • Allow the match to continue • Suspend play • Abandon the match • Any of the above

  14. Law 5 – The Referee • The referee has the power to show yellow/red cards: • Immediately before the match • During the half-time interval • After the match is finished and the referee is still on the field • All of the above

  15. Law 5 – The Referee • Playing “ADVANTAGE” requires the referee to consider: • The severity of the offense • The position where the offense was committed • Chance of an immediate, dangerous attack on the opponents’ goal • The atmosphere of the match • All of the above

  16. Advantage in the Penalty Area • Apr 11, 2008 USSF Memo • Basic concept remains the same • Decision governed by proximity to goal and likelihood of scoring from PK restart. • Advantage is a team concept . . . Ability of any of player’s teammates to continue attack. • Time for continuing advantage defined by probability of scoring directly following foul or from subsequent play. • Should we handle it differently in youth matches?

  17. Law 5 – The Referee & InjuredPlayers • T or F – The referee should direct players to “kick it out” if needed, to deal with an injury. • T or F – An injured player may only return to the field after the match has restarted. • T or F – An injured player who is attended to refuses to leave the field. The player shall be cautioned for unsporting behavior. • T or F – An injured keeper who is attended to refuses to leave the field and shall be cautioned. FALSE TRUE TRUE FALSE

  18. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • The referee must use the whistle on the following restarts: • Free kicks when opponents are ordered back • After a card for misconduct • After a substitution • a and b above • All of the above

  19. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • T or F– If the second last defender is taking a goal kick the AR shall move directly to the edge of the penalty area • T or F– In KFTPM one AR is stationed at the intersection of the goal line and goal area. He raises his flag to indicate a goal is scored. • T or F– As a general rule, the AR shall give no obvious hand signals. TRUE FALSE TRUE

  20. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • T or F – When a ball crosses the touchline near the AR, he should signal with the flag straight up in the appropriate hand, then give direction for the restart. • T or F – If a foul occurs near the AR s/he should “wait and see” in order to allow play to continue if the offended team will benefit from the advantage. FALSE TRUE

  21. AR Entering the Field • In which of the following situations would an AR enter the field of play? a) Mass confrontation – nearest AR to assist referee b) Direct consultation – 2 or 3 yds, facing field c) Positioning wall near AR’s touchline d) All of the above

  22. AR Signals/Procedures Need Work • USSF Memo – AR Mechanics, June 5, 2006 • Referee retains primary responsibility for TI, GK, CK restarts for areas of field not given to the AR. • However, AR should also provide a confirming flag signal AFTER THE REFEREE has clearly signaled the restart decision. • No change in AR response to eye contact by referee asking for assistance. • Why? Provide additional emphasis and visual confirmation of the restart.

  23. New Assistant Referee Signal • This is the new AR Signal for: • a) Let’s talk • b) Offense whistled by referee occurred inside penalty area • c) Keeper encroachment on PK or KFTPM • d) All of the above • e) Only b & c above B & C above. PS – What signal(s) does the AR use when s/he calls a dfk foul in the penalty area by a defender?

  24. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • T or F – Any ball in play touched by an outside agent on the field requires a dropped ball restart. • T or F – If play is stopped for an offense committed outside the field of play, while the ball is in play, play will restart with a dropped ball. • T or F – Charging is a challenge for space using physical contact within playing distance of the ball without using arms or elbows. FALSE – RE-TAKE ON PK INTERFERENCE TRUE Where? TRUE

  25. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • Which of the following procedures should be used to deal with holding offenses inside the penalty area at corner kicks and free kicks. a) Warn a player holding before ball is in play b) Caution if holding continues before ball in play c) DFK or PK and Caution if holding occurs once the ball is in play d) Each of the above is a recommended procedure

  26. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • T or F – A caution for unsporting behavior shall be issued when a player holds an opponent to prevent the opponent gaining possession of the ball or taking up an advantageous position. True - This ‘off the ball’ holding is cynical and blatant and must be dealt with

  27. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • The referee should consider the following before stopping play for a handling foul • Movement of the hand toward the ball • Distance between opponent and the ball • Position of hands/arms • All of the above should be considered The position of the hand does not necessarily mean there is an infringement

  28. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • A goalkeeper is considered in possession of the ball while: a) The ball is between the hand and any surface b) Holding the ball in an outstretched open hand c) Bouncing the ball on the ground d) Tossing the ball in the air e) All of the above The goalkeeper is considered to be in control of the ball by touching it with any part of the hands or arm

  29. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • A player attempts a bicycle kick which results in his foot coming dangerously close to a teammate’s face. The referee should: a) Stop play and penalize with an IFK for playing in a dangerous manner b) Caution the player for the obvious risk of injury c) Restart with an IFK even if there is physical contact d) All of the above e) None of the above The action becomes an offense only when AN OPPONENT is adversely affected.

  30. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • T or F– If a player denies an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by playing in a dangerous manner the referee should show the red card and send off the player. • T or F– If the PIADM offense above is committed by a defender in his own penalty area the restart is a penalty kick. TRUE FALSE

  31. Guidelines for Referees/ARs • T or F - A player who scores a goal leaves the field to celebrate. The referee must caution the player for delay of the restart. • A player must be cautioned if: • He makes provocative gestures • Climbs on the perimeter fence • Removes the shirt • Covers the head or face with shirt, a mask or other similar item • Any of the above FALSE

  32. More Guidelines • T or F – A caution for persistent infringement must be given when an individual player commits three fouls in one half. • T or F – Advantage should not be applied in situations involving violent conduct. FALSE TRUE

  33. More Guidelines • While the ball is in play, a defender leaves the field of play near the touchline and kicks the opposing player who has just passed the ball away and is off the field. If the referee stops play for this offense, the restart is: A) Dropped ball B) Direct free kick C) Indirect free kick D) Penalty kick

  34. More Guidelines • T or F – An offense by a defender which results in a Send Off for Denying and Obvious Goal Scoring Opportunity (DOGSO) must occur in the Penalty Area. • T or F – Impeding by a defender in his own Penalty Area is an offense that could result in a Send Off for DOGSO. • T or F – The referee fails to raise his arm for an IFK. The ball is kicked directly into the opponents goal. The restart is a GK. FALSE TRUE FALSE

  35. More Guidelines • A teammate of the player taking a penalty kick enters the right side of the penalty area, after the whistle and before the kick is taken. The kick misses wide to the left of the goal. The restart is: • Retake the penalty kick • Goal kick since there was no involvement • IFK at the point of encroachment • Kick-Off

  36. More Guidelines T or F - Before a player has retrieved the ball for a throw-in, an opponent takes up a position where the ball went out, standing just inches inside the touchline. A Caution for “Failure to respect the required distance” is appropriate. T or F – An opponent enters the PA as a goal kick is taken, but before the ball is in play, and is fouled by a defender. The restart is a Penalty Kick. FALSE FALSE

  37. More Guidelines - KFTPM • Answer T or F to each of these incidents which occur during KFTPM to settle a draw • A goalkeeper sent off may be replaced by a substitute from the bench. • A player is sent off leaving his team with only six eligible players. The referee shall abandon the match. • A player is injured during KFTPM and must be removed from the field. The other team captain must “reduce to equate” and select a player to leave the field. FALSE FALSE FALSE

  38. There is no excuse Go • Laws of the Game • Additional Instructions and Guidelines for Referees and Assistant Referees • USSF Advice to Referees on the Laws of the Game • USSF Guide to Procedures • USSF Policy Letters and Memoranda

  39. Get Smart . . .There is always more to learn On the Additional Instructions & Guidelines for Referees And Assistant Referees