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  1. Miniature Horses By: Darcy Hiatt

  2. What is a Miniature Horse? • Size breed • Measure horse from last hair of the mane to the ground • Anything over 38 inches is considered a pony • Falabella-Smallest miniature horse • Rare • AMHA Registry: • Horses have to be under 34 inches to be registered • AMHR Registry: • Under 34 inches is an A size • 34-38 inches is a B Size

  3. Variations of Miniature Horses • Many different colors • Draft body type • Refined body type • Many different uses

  4. 17th century Developed as pets for Europe’s nobility 19th Century Used as pit ponies in coal mines 1868 Falabella developed Horses under 30 inches In Argentina by Patrick Newell Descended from Andalusion and Spanish Barb horses History

  5. Original horses were left to roam free Developed stamina and ability to withstand extreme weather Patrick Newell passed breeding program on to Juan Falabella Added Welsh ponies, Shetlands and small Thoroughbreds to breeding program Inbred to get consistent size 20th century Miniature horses popular in US Hackney and POA bloodlines were added 1978 AMHA registry and standards developed Development of the Breed

  6. Miniature Horse Purchase Cost: $100 to $200,000 Feed Costs: About $25 per month per horse Space Requirements: 3 horses per acre Shoeing Cost: Shoes are not usually used Vet Care: Similar to full size, medications and worming decreased dosages Full Size Horse Purchase Cost: $500 to Millions Feed Costs: About $50 to $150 per month per horse Space Requirements: 3 acres per horse Shoeing Cost: Minimum $50 a month Costs of owning a Miniature Horse

  7. Problems foaling Dystocia- difficult delivery Due to smaller birth canal Up to 1/3 of foals may die because of dystocia Premature foals Miniature horses are often born early Premature foals are born weak and have underdeveloped joints Supplemental feeding and braces are often needed Colic Digestive problems are the top killers for miniature horses Obesity and founder Very easy keepers Prone to Founder Severe founder can kill Common Health Problems

  8. Dwarfism • Two Types • Achondroplastic • Short, crooked limbs • Short ears • Normal neck, torso, and internal organs • Brachiocephalic • Facial abnormalities • Dished face • Flat nasal bridge • Causes difficult breathing • Bad legs • Enlarged joints • Twisted legs • Dental problems • Severe under bite • Retained Caps • Spinal issues • Protruding vertebrae • Hunched back • Short neck Achondroplastic Dwarf Brachiocephalic Dwarf

  9. Genetics of Dwarfism • Dwarfism is a recessive trait: dd • If the foal is a dwarf each parent has to be a carrier: Dd or dd • A horse that is Dd does not show any characteristics of Dwarfism • If normal looking parents produce a dwarf foal, both the sire and dam should be pulled from the breeding program

  10. Managing for health problems • Foaling • Select mares and stallions with good conformation and low rates of dystocia • Pregnant mares should need to have nutrient requirements met but should not be overfed, vaccinations and worming needs to be up to date • Mares nearing parturition should be under 24 hour surveillance • Proper facilities for foaling • Foaling kit in case of emergency • On call vet • Dwarfism • Do not breed horses that have dwarf characteristics • Do not breed horses that have produced dwarfs • Do genetic and pedigree research before purchasing an animal you intend to breed

  11. You can show them You can race them You can drive them You can use them as a guide animal Children can ride them They can be your pet What can you do with a Miniature Horse?

  12. Miniature Horse Shows • Halter classes • Separate classes for mares, broodmares, stallions, geldings, foals, yearlings, and color classes • Driving classes • Country pleasure, roadster, western country pleasure, fine harness pairs, roman chariot, draft team, obstacle driving • Other classes • Jumping • Leadline • Costume • Versatility: Horse is shown at Halter, jumping and driving • Liberty

  13. Chariot Racing Miniature Horses • Started in Richfield, Idaho in 1999 • Racing team consists of two horses a chariot and a driver • Horses run 200 yards • Lap and tap starts are used, each team has two headers for the start • Miniature horses are on feeding and training schedules similar to full size race horses

  14. Guide Horses for the blind • Guide horse foundation was founded in 1999 • There are many benefits of using a horse for a guide • Good for people who are allergic to dogs • Long life span (30-40 years) the lifespan of a dog is only 8-12 years • Guide horses are calm in chaotic situations, they undergo the same desensitizing that riot control horses get • Horse’s vision has a range of almost 350 degrees • Horses are prey animals so are very safety conscious, and constantly on the lookout for danger • Horses also have high stamina, and are not addicted to attention like dogs and will be more focused when on duty • Horses can also be house broken, but still can spend the majority of their time outdoors

  15. Other uses of Miniature Horses • Children up to 70 pounds can ride them • Miniature horses also make good pets

  16. Sources • http://www.amha.com/MarketTools/Profitibility.html • http://www.mini-horse.org/index.html • http://www.littlemagicshoes.com/page8.html • http://www.shetlandminiature.com/ • http://www.guidehorse.org/