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Horses. 5 Basic/True Colors . Bay Brown Black Chestnut (Sorrel) White. Bay. Mixture of red and yellow, with a black mane and tail. Black. Solid Black. Chestnut (Sorrel). Red with a red mane and tail. Brown. Solid brown. White . White; born white and remains white it’s entire life.

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5 basic true colors
5 Basic/True Colors
  • Bay
  • Brown
  • Black
  • Chestnut (Sorrel)
  • White
slide3
Bay
  • Mixture of red and yellow, with a black mane

and tail.

black
Black
  • Solid Black
chestnut sorrel
Chestnut (Sorrel)
  • Red with a red mane and tail
brown
Brown
  • Solid brown
white
White
  • White; born white and remains white it’s entire life
5 variation colors
5 Variation Colors
  • Dun
  • Gray
  • Palomino
  • Pinto
  • Roan
dun buckskin
Dun (Buckskin)
  • Yellowish to tan with a black mane and tail
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Gray
  • Mixture of white and black hairs
palomino
Palomino
  • Golden to yellow, with a white mane and tail
pinto painted
Pinto (Painted)
  • White mixed with any other color
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Roan
  • Basic color with white tipped hairs
4 natural gaits of horses
4 NaturalGaitsof Horses

Gait – Is a particular way of going, either natural or learned, which is characterized by a distinctive rhythmic movement of the feet and legs.

  • Walk
  • Trot
  • Canter
  • Gallop
blemishes unsoundness
Blemishes/ Unsoundness
  • Blemish– an abnormality that does not affect the serviceability of the horse

Examples:

1. Wire Cuts

2. Rope Burns

3. Nail Puncture

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Unsoundness – serious abnormalities that does affect the serviceability of the horse.

Examples:

1. Bad conformation

2. Strain and stress

3. Accidents and injuries

4. Nutritional deficiencies

measurements of horses
Measurements of Horses
  • Height – measure from the withers straight down the front legs to the ground.

Unit of Measurement

“Hand” = 4 inches

Example:

15 hands = 60 inches

60 inches = 15 hands

slide18

Weight

  • Place horse on a scale
  • Horse Formula

Heart Girth (in.) x Heart Girth (in.) x Body Length (in.) = Body Weight in Lbs.

330

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Age

  • By the number and the wear of teeth

Example:

Describe how the teeth of a 5 year old horse’s

are different from a 20 year old horse?

5yrs- nearly perpendicular

20yrs- slant sharply forward

conformation
Conformation
  • Conformation- body shape and form

Desirable: Level back

Well muscled quarters

Alert Carriage of head and ears

Faults: Swayback

Paunchy stomach

Narrow heart girth

scientific names
Scientific Names
  • Scientific name= Used in scientific writings to reduce confusion of multiple common names, the scientific name (or Latin name) of an animal is two words long; consisting of the genus and species names. The entire name is written in italics (or underlined if italics are not available), with the genus capitalized.
  • Example: Humans = Homo sapiens
scientific classification
Scientific Classification
  • Kingdom – Animalia (animal)

Phylum– Chordata (vertebrate)

Class – Mammalia (mammal)

Order – Perissodactyla (nonruminant)

Family – Equidae (rhino, rabbit, tapir)

Genus – Equus (horses, mule, zebra)

Species – caballus (horses)

  • Equus caballus = is the correct Genus/species name for horses
  • Equus Assinus = is the correct Genus/species name for a donkey
horse terms
Horse Terms
  • Equine = scientific name for all “horses”
  • Equestrian= a person engaged in horse work

or activity

  • Farrier= a hoof caretaker of horses
  • Lactation = producing milk
  • Cheval = horse meat
  • Gestation = length of pregnancy (11 months
  • Conformation= body shape and form
  • Equuscaballus= is the correct Genus/species name for horses
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Unsoundness – serious abnormalities that does affect the serviceability of the horse.

  • Blemish– an abnormality that does not affect the serviceability of the horse
  • Gait– Is a particular way of going, either natural or learned, which is characterized by a distinctive rhythmic movement of the feet and legs
  • Stud – adult male horse
  • Mare – adult female horse
  • Foal – young horse
  • Gelding – castrated horse
  • Filly – young female
  • Colt – young male