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Kick Off September 20, 2013. Define the following vocabulary words on your index cards: Byzantine Empire (p 347) Justinian I (p 348) Theodora (p 348) Icon (p 350) Orthodox Church (p 351) Rus (p 357). Byzantine Empire. Justinian I. Reigned 527-565 AD Wanted to recreate Roman Empire

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kick off september 20 2013
Kick OffSeptember 20, 2013

Define the following vocabulary words on your index cards:

  • Byzantine Empire (p 347)
  • Justinian I (p 348)
  • Theodora (p 348)
  • Icon (p 350)
  • Orthodox Church (p 351)
  • Rus (p 357)
justinian i
Justinian I
  • Reigned 527-565 AD
  • Wanted to recreate Roman Empire
  • Re-conquered Italy and N. Africa
  • Faced down rebellion with wife Theodora
  • Justinian’s Code– organized old laws and added his own
byzantine empire1
Byzantine Empire
  • Lost land after Justinian, kept Asia Minor & Constantinople
  • Emperor seen as chosen by God, spiritual and political power
  • Centered on Greek culture, Christianity
  • Iconoclast movement
  • 1054 schism
    • East – Orthodox, west- Roman Catholic Church
constantinople
Constantinople
  • Center for East-West trade until 12th Cen.
  • Many beautiful buildings: palace, Hippodrome
  • Hagia Sophia – church built w/ dome on 4 pillars, many windows under dome, appeared to float
  • Invasions by Turks overwhelmed Byzantines
  • 1096- European Christians went on a ‘crusade’ to help fight the Turks who were also Muslim…thus it became a HOLY WAR. (we will come back to this!!!!)
  • 1453 – Constantinople falls to Ottoman Turks
    • Changes name to Istanbul
orthodox v roman catholic
Orthodox v. Roman Catholic

Using p. 350- 351 create a 2-column chart on the differences between the Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church

after the quiz
After the Quiz…
  • Read pages 357 – 360 and complete the graphic organizer.
the kievan rus
The Kievan Rus

Objective:

Analyze how the Rus affected the early history of Kiev, the factors that helped establish Christianity in Russia, and what people groups attacked Russia.

slide12

Beginnings and Growth: (add all in yellow to notes)

  • Russian Primary Chronicle tells of the early Slavic peoples, written in 1100s, telling of the people in mid-800AD
  • Constant fighting, invited the Rus (northern Europeans) to govern
  • Oleg- 2nd ruler
    • expanded territory south to Kiev
    • attacked Constantinople
    • successful trade union with Byzantines
  • Slavic regions become formal state- Kievan Rus
  • Yaroslav the Wise
    • had religious books translated from Greek into Slavic
    • Russian law was codified
    • Regained lost territory; but was crushed when attacked Constantinople
    • Good relations w/ Western Europe through daughters’ marriages
christianity in russia
Christianity in Russia
  • Early Slavic religion- polytheistic based on nature
  • 863- Cyril and Methodius-
    • brothers and Greek monks who used the Slavic language to convert Slavs
    • Developed written alphabet for Slavonic language
    • Called Cyrillic alphabet
    • Based on Greek alphabet
  • Vladimir I- Grand Duke of Kiev converted, married sister of Byzantine emperor
    • Built libraries, schools, churches
    • 988- Vlad made Christianity state religion of Kievan Rus
  • After the Great Schism-
    • became semi-independent of Orthodox in Constantinople
    • “Russian Orthodox Church”
kievan rus attacked
Kievan Rus Attacked!!!
  • State weakened internally from land-owning princes
    • New Grand Prince Andrew Bogolyubsky moves central city away from Kiev (places family in Kiev)
  • Power no longer centralized, easy to attack
  • Attacked by:
    • 1. Mongols(from east under Genghis Khan)- 1223 and were defeated. Kiev falls in 1240 to Mongols.
      • Alexander Nevsky- encouraged Rus not to rebel against Mongols
      • Mongols didn’t destroy as much as they did elsewhere as a result
    • 2. Swedes (from north) in 1240 for trade routes
      • Alexander Nevsky- surprise attack on Swedes, Rus won!
    • 3. Teutonic Knights (Germanic military order)-
      • wanted Rus to convert to Catholicism
      • 1242- Alex. Nevsky saves Rus again by a “massacre on ice”
    • 4. The Tartars- ruled Rus after Mongols, until 1480
      • Central Asian nomads, spoke Turkish, were Muslims,