October 14, 2013Kick Off Imagine you are Pope Paul III. You are upset by the actions and heresy of the Protestants. What can you do to stop the Reformation? Make a list with at least 5 ideas.
Reformation Woodcuts Analyze the woodcuts on page 451 of your textbook. Answer these questions in your notebook: How are the subjects of the two woodcut illustrations related? What details in each of the woodcut illustrations show how Jesus and Pope Leo X view themselves and live their lives? What is the overall message of the pair of woodcut illustrations?
Chapter 15.3 The Catholic Counter-Reformation
Objectives: Understand the reforms made in the Catholic Church Analyze the religious and social effects of the Counter-Reformation Understand the wars that occurred as a result of the Counter-Reformation
Reforming the Catholic Church • Catholic Church began a series of reforms in response to Protestant Reformation, called Counter-Reformation • Girolamo Savonarola • bonfire of the vanities • Jesuits: founded by Ignatius of Loyola • Emphasized obedience to the church • Concentrated on education as a means of combating the PR
The Council of Trent • Convened by Pope Paul III in 1545 to address corruption in the Catholic Church • Abolished sale of indulgences • Meant no compromise • Renewed faith in Catholic Church
The Inquisition • Roman Inquisition established to counter the Protestant Reformation • Spanish Inquisition was much harsher • Used to impose religious conformity on converted Jews, Muslims, and Protestants • Still seen as abuse of power today
Religious and Social Effects • All Christians viewed Muslims and Jews as heretics • Forced out of Europe, many Jews lived in ghettos • Witchcraft fear, increased during times of hardship • Indirectly encouraged the formation of individual states and nations • Separation of church and state
Religious Wars and Unrest • France and Spain fought for control of Italy in Italian Wars • Led to spread of Renaissance ideas • Peasants’ War in Germany • Holy Roman Empire fought German princes • Ended in Peace of Augsburg which allowed German princes to choose religion of their territory • French Calvinists, called Huguenots, fought for equality in France • Edict of Nantes granted equality
Chapter Review Please complete questions 1-16 on pgs. 464-465. SKIP 14a