520 likes | 1.04k Views
Higher Education Security Officer Training . Scope. This training module is based on the information obtained in the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators (IACLEA) - Campus Protection Officer Training Program - Second Edition. . Purpose.
E N D
Scope This training module is based on the information obtained in the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators (IACLEA) - Campus Protection Officer Training Program - Second Edition.
Purpose To create a standardized training program for higher education, non-commissioned campus safety and/or security officers in the Pierce County Region.
Objectives • Identify the critical performance task for the campus security officer. • Discuss the impact security patrols have on crime and crime prevention. • Explore various methods of campus patrol (foot patrol, vehicle patrol, and bicycle patrol). • Learn officer safety techniques used during patrol. • Know, discuss, and demonstrate understanding in performing the essential job duties of uniformed security officers.
Duties of a Community-Oriented Security Officer • Gather and report personal safety and security related information in reference to the officer’s assigned area or campus. • Provide a sense of security for the members of the campus community. • Become acquainted with staff and students within the assigned area and educate them about sound security practices.
Duties of a Community-Oriented Security Officer • Enforce campus, local and state laws. • Respond in a timely manner to all calls for service within your assigned area / on campus. • Respond to and investigate reports of criminal offenses within your assigned area / on campus.
Duties of a Community-Oriented Security Officer • Be responsible for building security, particularly vacant, temporarily closed, or under construction facilities. • Serve as a liaison on various organizations and committees at the direction of the administration.
Duties of a Community-Oriented Security Officer • Conduct security, safety and fire equipment surveys. • Identify potential risks, report accordingly, and provide follow-up as needed.
Under Normal Conditions • Officers must operate department vehicles in accordance with all local vehicle and traffic laws. • Officers must avoid being involved in preventable accidents. • This is accomplished by not taking risks, maintaining vehicle control, and being alert at all times.
Under Normal Conditions • Officers must perform multiple tasks, while maintaining responsible and safe operation of the patrol vehicle. • Whenever possible, officers should stop the patrol vehicle to perform these tasks.
Under Normal Conditions • Multiple tasks include: • Operating a cellular phone • Operating a Radio • Taking Notes • Maintaining awareness of surroundings
Under Normal Conditions • Officers must operate the vehicle while maintaining an alertness to surrounding activity. • Officers are not exempt from liability resulting from reckless or negligent operation of a patrol vehicle.
Under Normal Conditions • Officers must drive defensively, attempting to anticipate hazards and poor judgment by other drivers, cyclists and pedestrians.
Stress Conditions • The skills involved in vehicle operation under emergency situations call for other than usual driving skills. • Officers must make every effort to avoid preventable accidents.
Stress Conditions • It is essential that all officers know, understand, and comply with department policies as well as all vehicle and traffic laws concerning security vehicle operations.
Stress Conditions • Use of emergency lights and sirens should be reserved for emergency situations only. • Speed and overall vehicle operation must not be reckless.
Stress Conditions • Use of the vehicles emergency equipment only requests the right of way: it does not secure it and does not excuse violation of the traffic laws. • Officers in violation of traffic laws may be found liable for resulting accidents.
Stress Conditions • Officers must continuously evaluate driving situations and balance appropriate speed with existing conditions. • Officers must display a high degree of reflex ability and driving competence at all times. • Practice defensive driving during emergency response driving.
Stress Conditions • Factors an officer might use to decide whether to engage in an emergency response include, but are not limited to: • The seriousness of the crime or incident • A routine response might compromise the lives or safety of persons on the scene • The time of day • The amount of traffic along the officer’s route • What information about the suspect is already known. Can the suspect be apprehended at a later time?
Orientation and Response Time to Calls • Officers must be aware of their location at all times while on patrol. • Officers should constantly identify their location and familiarize themselves with their assigned patrol area(s). • Officers must learn to effectively use a map and should be able to relate their destination to their present location.
Orientation and Response Time to Calls • Officers must be able to arrive at a destination within a reasonable amount of time. • Officer must be able to locate and arrive at buildings, parking lots and other locations without difficulty. • Officers should be aware of shortcuts and use them to save time.
Field Performance Under Stress • Officer’s must be able to perform their duties in moderate to high stress situations. • An officer must avoid becoming emotional to the point where he/she cannot think or reason objectively and clearly. • The officer must avoid: • Becoming panic-stricken • Hesitation • Loss of temper • Over-responding • Under-responding
Field Performance Under Stress • Officers must maintain a calm demeanor and self-control in all situations. • In any situation, officers must determine the proper course of action to take.
Field Performance Under Stress • Officers should prevent situations from deteriorating and restore control in the situation. • Officers should mentally practice scenarios so they are prepared to react to stressful situations.
Field Performance Under Stress • Under stress, we revert to the fundamentals of our training. • Officers should strive to attain good training. • Officers can subscribe to many excellent law enforcement training organizations.
Law Enforcement Training Organizations • The International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administration • The International Association of Chiefs of Police • The Federal Bureau of Investigation • The National Association of Field Training Officers • The Police Executive Research Forum • The National Center for Community Policing
Self-Initiated Field Activity • Security officers must demonstrate interest in and ability to initiate patrol related activities. • Officers must routinely act upon all situations observed - even in low priority situations.
Self-Initiated Field Activity • Officers must learn to observe suspicious activity and activity that requires action on their part. • It is easy to rationalize suspicious activity as normal behavior and officers should conduct critical self-evaluations.
Self-Initiated Field Activity • Liability results from: • Failure to perform duties of the job or as assigned. • Avoidance of taking action. • Failure to take appropriate action. • Officers should learn to gain information from observed activity and from being inquisitive. • One of the primary ways to recognize suspicious activity is through shift briefings/staff meetings.
Specific Areas of Concern • High security facilities or areas • Facilities under construction • Roads in dangerous conditions • Roads under construction • Residence Halls • Areas where valuable equipment is maintained • Bus Stops • Parks • Athletic and recreation facilities • Parking garages and parking lots • Abandoned or vacant buildings • Money-handling facilities
Preventive Patrol Techniques • It is a patrol function to attempt to prevent crime by creating a security presence on campus. • Security officers should be identified by uniform. • Types of preventive patrol include: • Foot or Bicycle • Motor Patrol • Directed Patrol
Foot or Bicycle Patrol Techniques Must be used in conjunction with motor patrols. These methods may be effective in smaller, densely populated areas as a means to create higher officer visibility and as a means to communicate with residents and business owners in the patrol area. Foot and bike patrols are also effective in directed patrol areas where activity is focused in a smaller geographic areas, and/or the activity is visible from the street.
Directed Patrol Technique • Directed at specific criminal activity that is occurring in the patrol areas. Officers can determine areas to be targeted by reviewing submitted reports and shift logs, by knowing their patrol area, and by observing the people and activity in the patrol area.
Patrol Patterns and Patrol Observation • Security Officer’sshould avoid establishing a routine in their patrol methods. • Officers should stagger their building checks, personal breaks, travel routes, and general patrol patterns.
Patrol Patterns and Patrol Observation • When officers establish routine patrol patterns, it allows offenders to observe the officer’s patterns and to plan criminal activity accordingly. • The patrol pattern used by an officer is commonly determined by the related crime problems known to occur in the patrol area.
Patrol Patterns and Patrol Observation • Offenders will attempt to predict the patrol to maximize their opportunity to successfully commit a crime. • Officers can circumvent this by doubling back on themselves, by not leaving a building through the same door entered, and by using unpredictable, or less traveled pathways or routes.
Patrol Strategies • Patrol strategies should include checking areas of reported crime to prevent or observe crimes in progress. • Perform surveillance activities. • Good proactive patrol initiatives will incorporate a variety of strategies.
Patrol Strategies These patrol strategies or methods should be structured and based on solid crime analysis and relationships between: • The types of crime(s) occurring. • The types of victimizations. • The locations or geography where the crimes are occurring. • The times when the crimes are occurring. • The suspect’s apparent method of committing the crime (MO). • Other variables that indicate commonalities between the crimes that have been occurring.