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introduction Types of bank: • - retail banking • - business banking • -corporate banking • - private banking • - investment banking
I) Commercial bank • Commercial bank'sdefinition: A commercial bank is a type of retail bank that provides services, such as accepting deposits, giving business loans and basic investment products.
I) Commercial bank • Commercial bank'sactivity: • Saving - Credit operation - Propose services
Commercial Banking • Commercial Bank • Business Bank PART I
II) Investmentbank • Investmentbank’sdefinition two main lines of business : - Trading securities - The promotion of securities
II) Investmentbank • Organizationalstructure • - front office activities • - middle office activities • -back office activities
The 1929 Wall Street Crash «Commercial banking » Vs« investment banking » Glass–Steagall Act X the financial crisis of 2008
II) Investmentbank • Criticisms • Conflicts of interest • Compensation
III)Presentsituation • History • - 1929: regulationprogram • - 1933: Glass-Steagallact • - 1984: Bérégovoy reform • - 1999: Gramm-Leach-BlileyAct
III)Present situation • Universalbank definition
Conclusion: • Issues: -Moral hasard -Systemicrisk Francois Hollande wants to separatebankingactivitythatisusefulfor investment and employmentfromspeculation.