The English Renaissance1485 - 1625 “Celebrating Humanity” Pgs. 222 - 232
Tell the story of The Renaissance Gianco, Perin, Matthews, Bennett • 1492- Columbus lands in Western Hemisphere. (world) • 1521- Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther. (Italy) • 1534- Church of England established. (Britain) • 1563- More than 20,000 Londoners die from plague. (Britain) • 1567- 2 Million Indians die of Typhoid. ( South America) • 1582- Pope Gregory XIII introduces new calendar. ( Italy) • 1588- English navy defeats Spanish Armada. (Britain) • 1594- Shakespeare writes Romeo and Juliet. (Britain) • 1599- Globe theater opens. (Britain) • 1607- Jamestown established. (North America) • 1611- King James Bible published. (Britain) • 1620- Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock.
Tell the story of the Protestant Reformation • Henry’s Son became King Edward VI • He changed Anglican prayer book to Common Book of Prayer • By 1533 England was on its way to becoming a Protestant nation • Mary I executed 300 Protestants • Elizabeth I followed Mary I, re-established protestant rule • Imprisoned her distant cousin, Mary (not Mary I), Executed her, and punished Catholics • Elizabeth instituted a policy of religious compromise for Moderate Catholics and Protestants
Tell the story of the Henry’s Ketzlach, Potucek, Messinger, Orihuela • Tudor Dynasty started in 1485 • England was depleted and exhausted from years of civil war • King Henry VII rebuilt the nation’s treasury and established law and order • Henry VIII succeeded Henry VII • Wrote a book against Martin Luther and was awarded “defender of faith” by the Pope • Left Catholic church when the pope would not allow him to divorce his wife • Married six times and had one son
The Queens (Bloody,Liz,Scots) Amato, Lisky, Reed, Cianci • Queen Mary I “Bloody” Mary -England was becoming a Protestant nation when she received the throne. -Was Catholic and restored the Catholic practices to the Church of England. -Restored the Pope’s power over the church. -Ordered the execution of 300 Protestants, this strengthened anti-Catholics. • Elizabeth I -Received the throne after her half sister Mary I died. -Was strong and clever and was probably England’s ablest monarch since William the Conqueror. -Received a Renaissance education and read in Greek and Latin classics and was a great patron of the arts. -Put an end to the religious turmoil during Mary I’s reign. -Reestablished the monarchs supremacy over the church and restored the Book of Common Prayer. -Instituted a policy of religious compromise. • Mary Stewart of Scotland -Catholic’s didn’t recognize the marriage of Henry 8th and Elizabeth’s mother. -She is Queen Elizabeth’s Catholic cousin. -Queen Elizabeth imprisoned Mary for 18 years and Mary instigated laws against her. -Elizabeth made harsh punishments against Catholics, but let Mary live. -Mary was beheaded in 1587, a Catholic matyr
The Jacobean Era • Murphy, Shaw, Pierson, Lupsa • Years of James I’s reign describes as Jacobean era • Jocabus means “James” in Latin • Era put an emphasis on support of the arts • England became world power during this era • Jamestown, Virginia was established as first successful American colony • Tension occurred between James I and Parliament (War) • Puritans persecuted by James I because of their representation in the House of Commons • James I held religious intolerance toward Puritan views • During this period Puritans established Plymouth Colony in 1602
Renaissance Lit. (3 types) Phil L., Campos, Burleigh, Chamberlain Elizabeth Poetry • Favored lyric poetry rather than narrative poems. • The Sonnet: became one of the most popular literary forms during the age was the sonnet cycle, which is sonnets loosely fit to form a story. (14-line poem iambic pentameter and the rhyming scheme varies) Elizabethan Drama • Tragedies and Dramas reintroduced • Christopher Marlove- “Tradegical History of Doctor Faustus” • Shakespeare- “Romeo and Juliet” Elizabethan and Jacobean Prose - A type of style including long words and ornate sentences
Changing English Language (232) Ryan D., C. Brennan, Samuel, P. Brennan • Shakespeare’s plays dealt with universal truths: tragedy, comedy, and history • Created 1700 words (8.5% of his written vocabulary) • Some examples of words he created: • Generous, bedroom, amazement, assassination, majestic, and useless