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The Renaissance 1485 - 1660. Tudor Line. Henry VII – Welsh nobleman who seized the throne after the War of the Roses Lancaster = red York = white Henry combined to make the “Tudor Rose” Henry VIII Edward VI – 16 when king, died young Mary I – “Bloody Mary,” killed over 300 Protestants

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tudor line
Tudor Line
  • Henry VII – Welsh nobleman who seized the throne after the War of the Roses
    • Lancaster = red
    • York = white
    • Henry combined to make the “Tudor Rose”
  • Henry VIII
  • Edward VI – 16 when king, died young
  • Mary I – “Bloody Mary,” killed over 300 Protestants
  • Elizabeth I – amazing, the “Virgin Queen"
reformation
Reformation
  • the rejection of the pope and the Italian churchmen
  • a time of internal reform in the church and criticism from those who chose to break away
  • Pope Paul III investigated the selling of indulgences (religious pardons) and other abuse.
english renaissance
English Renaissance
  • Late 1400s
  • few people could read or write
  • French word meaning “rebirth”
  • changes in values, beliefs, and behaviors
  • Most people were Roman Catholic.
english renaissance1
English Renaissance
  • renewed interest in classical learning (the writings of ancient Greece and Rome)
  • People learned Greek and reformed the Latin that they read, wrote, and spoke.
  • People became more curious about themselves. It brought a renewal of human spirit, curiosity, and creativity.
people of the renaissance
People of the Renaissance
  • Leonardo da Vinci - widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time & revered for his technological ingenuity
    • 1. Mona Lisa
    • 2. The Last Supper
  • Galileo - a Tuscan physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution
people of the renaissance1
People of the Renaissance
  • Columbus - was a navigator, colonizer and explorer whose voyages across the Atlantic Ocean (funded by Queen Isabella of Spain) led to general European awareness of the American continents
  • Michelangelo – Pope Julius II commissioned him to paint the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City
people of the renaissance2
People of the Renaissance
  • Johannes Gutenberg – a German who invented printing with moveable type printing press
    • This allowed the first printing of a complete book around 1445
humanists ism
Humanists (ism)
  • gave new answers to the questions: “What is a human being?” “What is a good life?”
  • The aim of life is to attain virtue, not success, money, or fame, because virtue is the best possible possession and the only source of true happiness.
  • Two of the most famous Renaissance humanists:
    • 1. Thomas More – wrote Utopia (a book of famous insights on human society)
    • 2. Desiderius Erasmus
martin luther
Martin Luther
  • 1483 – 1546
  • Monk who founded a new Christianity based on his personal understanding of the Bible, not what the pope said
  • German Protestant
king vs pope
King –vs- Pope
  • King Henry VIII wanted to divorce his wife
  • Pope would not grant it
  • King Henry declared himself head of the Church of England
  • Henry appointed a new archbishop of Canterbury who annulled the marriage
  • Thomas More (and many others) did not recognize Henry as the head of the church
    • Henry had his friend executed by beheading!
queen elizabeth
Queen Elizabeth
  • Her cousin Mary was in line for the throne
  • Plotted for 20 years to have the Queen killed
  • The queen finally had her beheaded
other rulers
Other Rulers
  • Queen Elizabeth died childless
  • Her 2nd cousin, James VI of Scotland was her successor (1603 – 1625)
    • He was the son of beheaded Mary
  • Followed by his son, Charles I
    • Powerful subject had him beheaded in 1649
  • England was ruled by Parliament & Puritan dictator Oliver Cromwell
  • Charles II returned from exile in France, 1660, to rule
renaissance the end
Renaissance – the end
  • John Milton was the last great writer of the Renaissance
    • Famous for Paradise Lost
  • Scientific truths were soon to challenge long-accepted religious beliefs.
  • Thus ends the Renaissance…
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • conceit – fanciful comparison of 2 different things
  • meter – pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables (rhythmic beat)
  • foot – meter’s basic unit (one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables)
  • iamb – a foot
  • Iambic Pentameter – a line of poetry made up of 5 iambs (Shakespeare uses)
  • caesura – a pause
stanzas
Stanzas
  • octave – eight lines (abbaabba)
  • sestet – 6 lines (cdecde)
  • quatrain – 4 lines
  • couplet – 2 lines