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Chapter 1, Section 2. A Brief History of Psychology Mr. Young 1 st and 6 th Period. Essential Question. Has the field of Psychology evolved over time and if it has, what has lead to this process?. I CAN:. Explain important trends in the history of Psychology

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Chapter 1 section 2

Chapter 1, Section 2

A Brief History of Psychology

Mr. Young

1st and 6th Period


Essential question
Essential Question

  • Has the field of Psychology evolved over time and if it has, what has lead to this process?


I can
I CAN:

  • Explain important trends in the history of Psychology

  • Identify various approaches to the study of Psychology

  • Analyze why Sigmund Freud smoked cigars

  • List and Explain the major reasons why most Psychologists had cool facial hair


The origins of psychology
The Origins of Psychology

  • Phrenology- practice of examining bumps on a person’s skull to determine that persons intellect and character trait

  • Psychology has molded from other sciences


Phrenology video
Phrenology Video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=80dZ71Km6_g&feature=related

  • 3:30 minutes

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nck46Bzt2c

  • 1:20 movie clip


Historical approaches
Historical Approaches

  • Structuralism

  • Functionalism

  • Inheritable Traits

  • Gestalt Psychology


1 structuralism
1) Structuralism

  • A psychologist who studied the basic elements that make up conscious mental experiences

  • Wundt developed introspection, a method of self-observation in which participants report their thoughts and feelings


2 functionalism
2) Functionalism

  • William James, taught at Harvard

  • Father of Psychology in America

  • Study how animals and people adapt to their environments


Psychology 101 video
Psychology 101 Video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SW6nm69Z_IE

  • 1:10 min


3 inheritable traits
3) Inheritable Traits

  • Sir Francis Galton

  • Understand how heredity influences a person’s abilities, characters, and behavior

  • A person’s heredity and environment interact to influence intelligence

  • Helped to create modern personality and IQ tests


Inheritable traits video
Inheritable traits video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yP27i05-vTg

  • 1:30 min


4 gestalt psychology
4) Gestalt Psychology

  • “Whole Pattern” means Gestalt

  • Argued that perception is more than the sum of its parts.

  • Forerunner for cognitive approaches to the study of psychology


Giuseppe arcimboldo autumn
Giuseppe ArcimboldoAutumn



Gestalt theory
Gestalt Theory

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nxKcpfFvuf8

  • 4:14 minutes


Contemporary approaches
Contemporary Approaches

  • Psychoanalytic

  • Behavioral

  • Humanistic

  • Cognitive

  • Biological

  • Sociocultural Approach


1 psychoanalytic
1) Psychoanalytic

  • Sigmund Freud, more interested in unconscious mind

  • Believe that the unconscious mind controls your behavior

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUB85lSj4pM

  • 2:30 min


Talking theory video
Talking Theory Video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uZq_U2hbnvs

  • Big Bang Theory (1:45 min)


2 behavioral
2) Behavioral

  • Ivan Pavlov, John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner

  • When you investigate observable behavior

  • Skinner- Reinforcement, response to behavior that will increase likelihood or repeated behavior


Ivan pavlov video
Ivan Pavlov Video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FMJJpbRx_O8&feature=related

  • 1:50 min

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhqumfpxuzI

  • 3:55 min


B f skinner video
B.F. Skinner Video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_ctJqjlrHA

  • 3:58 min

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qy_mIEnnlF4

  • Sheldon and Penny on Big Bang Theory

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EWyZHSZf3TM

  • Sheldon and Penny 2


3 humanistic
3) Humanistic

  • Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers

  • Each person has freedom in directing his or her future and potential to develop

  • Emphasizes personal growth


Maslow s hierarchy of needs video
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WKVULQ_S70Q&feature=fvwrel

  • 1 min


4 cognitive
4) Cognitive

  • Jean Piaget, Norm Chomsky

  • Concerned with how thinking processes, such as intelligence and problem solving, can be used to deal with problems or to develop a healthy personality


5 biological
5) Biological

  • Biological factors influence our behavior

  • Modern PET, MRI scans

  • Genetic factors influence a wide range of human behaviors


6 sociocultural
6) Sociocultural

  • Studies the social and cultural influence on behavior

  • Way we think, feel, behave may be linked to culture

  • Also concerned with issue of gender and socioeconomic status