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Theological Foundations II Lecture 5: Structure of the Mass Saving Event Made Present CCC 1085 Luke 22:14-19 John 19:31-37 Paschal Mystery Passion Death Resurrection Ascension Made present to us in the Eucharist Real event = occurred in history Unique

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theological foundations ii

Theological Foundations II

Lecture 5:

Structure of the Mass

saving event made present

Saving Event Made Present

  • CCC 1085
    • Luke 22:14-19
    • John 19:31-37
  • Paschal Mystery
    • Passion
    • Death
    • Resurrection
    • Ascension
  • Made present to us in the Eucharist
    • Real event = occurred in history
      • Unique
        • Why? All other historical events take place once and pass away.
      • Transcendent
        • Beyond the confines of time and space.
    • When we enter into the Mass we are at the foot of the cross.
journey to the eternal

Journey to the Eternal

  • Preparation: Genuflection
    • Exodus 3:5 = “God said, ‘Come no nearer! Remove the sandals from your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground.”
    • Philippians 2:10 = “at the name of Jesus every knee shall bend.”
      • Entrance Song
  • Introductory Right
    • Sign of the Cross
      • Who God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) is and what He has done for us (crucifixion).
      • Holy Water Font = Renewal of baptismal promises
    • Penitential Rite
      • John 13:8-10 = Jesus purifies apostles by washing feet.
      • Isaiah 6:1-8 = Purifying Isaiah’s tongue.
    • Confiteor = “I Confess”
    • Lord have Mercy
      • Luke 17:11-14 = the 10 Lepers
  • Gloria
    • Luke 17:15-16 & Luke 2:13-14
  • Opening Prayer
liturgy of the word

Liturgy of the Word

  • Ezekiel 2:8-10
    • First Reading = Old Testament
    • Responsorial Psalm = Psalms
    • Second Reading = New Testament epistles
    • Gospel Reading = Matthew, Mark, Luke or John
      • Homily
  • Transition from Liturgy of the Word to Liturgy of the Eucharist
    • Creed
      • Everything we believe and profess as Catholics is contained in the Creed.
        • Analogy = Giant oak tree contained in an acorn
      • Profess = to hold, proclaim, and strive to live every day.
      • Receiving the Eucharist = to say “YES” to this profession.
    • General Intercessions
      • To pray for Church leaders, Church members, and for the whole world.
        • “Lord hear our prayer.”
liturgy of the eucharist

Liturgy of the Eucharist

  • Scriptural Context
    • Gen 22:1-14 = Abraham and Isaac. Lamb is to be sacrificed in place of Isaac.
    • Ex 12:1-3 = Blood of the Lamb brought salvation to Israel.
    • Isaiah 53:5-7 = Suffering servant who will bear the afflictions of all. Lamb is led like a lamb to the slaughter.
    • John 1:29 = John the Baptist says, “Behold the Lamb of God.”
    • Rev 5:6-12 = John’s vision of how the angels and saints worship God in heaven.
  • Offertory
    • History
      • In early Church bread, wine, other food, clothing, silver and gold offered at the altar.
        • Bread and wine were for the sacrifice of the Mass.
        • The rest was for the poor.
    • Today
      • Bringing up the gifts symbolism of what was done in early Church.
    • Us
      • We offer our joy, hopes, sorrows, successes, failures, etc.
  • Preparation of the Gifts
    • Wine = mingling of the water with the wine
      • “by the mystery of this water and wine may we come to share in the divinity of Christ as he humbled himself to share in our humanity.”
liturgy of the eucharist6

Liturgy of the Eucharist

  • Washing of the Hands
    • Prayer of purification and forgiveness
      • “Lord, wash away my iniquities and cleanse me of my sins.”
      • “Pray Brethren, that this our sacrifice, may be acceptable to God the Almighty Father.
  • Sanctus (Holy, Holy, Holy)
    • Isaiah 6:1-5
      • “Seraphim were stationed above; each of them had six wings: with two they veiled their faces, with two they veiled their feet, and with two they hovered aloft. ‘Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts!’ they cried one to the other. ‘All the earth is filled with his glory!”
    • Rev 4:1-8
      • “And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and within, and day and night they never cease to sing, ‘Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!’”
    • Matthew 21:9
      • “The crowds preceding him and those following kept crying out and saying: ‘Hosanna to the Son of David; blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord: hosanna in the highest.”
        • Hosanna = God saves
  • Doxology
    • “Through Him, with Him, and in Him, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, all glory and honor are yours Almighty Father, for ever and ever.”.”
liturgy of the eucharist7

Liturgy of the Eucharist

  • Lord’s Prayer
    • Matthew 6
      • Reverence
  • Sign of Peace
    • Matthew 5:23
      • “If you are offering your gift at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there before the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift!”
  • Angus Dei (Lamb of God)
      • “Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world, have mercy on us.”
    • John 1:29-34
      • “Behold the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world.”
  • Breaking of the Bread
      • “Lord, I am not worthy to receive you, but only say the word and I shall be healed.”
    • Matthew 8:8
      • “The centurion said in reply, ‘Lord, I am not worthy to have you enter under my roof; only say the word and my servant will be healed.’”
  • Final Blessing
    • “The Mass is ended. Go in peace to love and serve the Lord”
      • Missa = mission
st justin martyr 155

St. Justin Martyr (155)

On the day we call the day of the sun, all who dwell in the city or country gather in the same place.

The memoirs of the apostles and the writings of the prophets are read, as much as time permits.

When the reader has finished, he who presides over those gathered admonishes and challenges them to imitate these beautiful things.

Then we all rise together and offer prayers for ourselves and for all others, wherever they may be, so that we may be found righteous by our life and actions, and faithful to the commandments, so as to obtain eternal salvation.

When the prayers are concluded we exchange the kiss.

Then someone brings bread and a cup of water and wine mixed together to him who presides over the brethren.

He takes them and offers praise and glory to the Father of the universe, through the name of the Son and the Holy Spirit and for a considerable time he gives thanks (Greek = eucharistian) that we have been judged worthy of these gifts.

When he has concluded the prayers and thanksgivings, all present give voice to an acclamation by saying: ‘Amen.’

When he who presides has given thanks and the people have responded, those whom we call deacons give to those present the “eucharisted” bread, wine and water and take them to those who are absent.

Gathering of the Assembly

Readings: OT, Psalm, NT, Gospel



Sign of peace


Eucharistic Prayer

Great Amen

Distribution of the Eucharist