supporting the learning curve of fuel cell technologies for automotive applications n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Supporting the learning curve of fuel cell technologies for automotive applications PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Supporting the learning curve of fuel cell technologies for automotive applications

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Supporting the learning curve of fuel cell technologies for automotive applications - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 408 Views
  • Uploaded on

Supporting the learning curve of fuel cell technologies for automotive applications. Philippe Larrue, Technopolis Group France DIME International Conference I n novation, sustainability and policy 11-13 September 2008 GREThA, University Montesquieu Bordeaux IV, France.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Supporting the learning curve of fuel cell technologies for automotive applications' - ostinmannual


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
supporting the learning curve of fuel cell technologies for automotive applications

Supporting the learning curve of fuel cell technologies for automotive applications

Philippe Larrue, Technopolis Group France

DIME International Conference Innovation, sustainability and policy

11-13 September 2008 GREThA, University Montesquieu Bordeaux IV, France

objectives of the research
Objectives of the research
  • Propose relevant policy mechanisms to support fuel cell technology research and commercialisation
  • Propose a governance structure that ensure the coherence of the whole policy support structure
context and concepts
Context and concepts
  • Context
    • Slow down of the fuel cell technology progresses, decreasing returns in research
    • Debate regarding the policy priorities : support demonstrators & experimentation or research?
    • The « integrated » Deployment strategy of the European HFP platform
      • “niche - hopping” is not fostering the broad penetration of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. (…) The niche market applications may however constitute a strong enabler of technology consolidation, infrastructure build up, cost reduction, and public acceptance 
  • Concepts
    • Evolutionary economics : breakthrough vs. incremental innovation
    • Strategic niche management (Kemp et al.)
the research hypothesis
The research hypothesis
  • The « breakthrough strategy » consists in
    • giving priority given to long- and mid-term research
    • targeting automotive applications (mass market but major challenges)
  • The « incremental strategy » consists in
    • supporting early applications for less demanding (stationary) applications
    • progressively unfolding the learning curve toward more challenging applications
    • benefiting from feedback-loops between research and demonstration for one type of application (small vehicles/hybrid/passenger car) and between different types of applications (stationary/automotive)
  • The « breakthrough strategy »
    • has shown its limit
    • might be a strategy from automakers to demonstrate good will without major commitments, with max public support
the fuel cell learning curve

Basic research on new generation of fuel cells

  • (PEMFC HT, SOFC)

P

Passenger car

fuel cell vehicles

Step 2

Assessment of potential synergies between groups of applications

Stationary fuel cells

Generation 3

Automotive fuel cell

Generation 3

Automotive fuel cell

Generation 2

Stationary fuel cells

Generation 2

Stationary fuel cells

Generation 1

Automotive fuel cell

Generation 1

T

The fuel cell learning curve

Step 1 Identification of group of applications

Step 3

Timetable of applications

step 1 identification of group of applications
Step 1 : identification of group of applications
  • Based on power range and

basic « goal performance parameters »

(durability, cost, temperature,…)

step 2 assessment of potential synergies between fuel cells technologies for different applications

Terms of reference

Technical design

Resulting synergies

Deployment of fuel cells

Decrease in price

(Eco of scale and scope)

Similar

EMA (cell)

Common industry base

Improvement of the technology

(knowledge spillovers, crit. mass)

Common knowledge base

Similar use patterns

Increase in technology acceptance

(market preparation, awareness)

Common accessories (air or water pumps,..)

Common insfrastruc.

Same user base

Same fuel

Step 2 : Assessment of potential synergies between fuel cells technologies for different applications
slide8

Step 2 : Assessment of potential synergies between fuel cells technologies for different applications

  • Systematic assessement of synergies between fuel cell technology for different applications(expert, interviews)
  • 3 synergy parameters : use patterns, knowledge base, market
step 2 assessment of potential synergies between fuel cells technologies for different applications1
Step 2 : Assessment of potential synergies between fuel cells technologies for different applications
  • Synergies
    • Portable/stationary
    • Stationary/small FC auto
    • Small FC auto/large FC auto
step 3 the timetable of technology generation
Step 3 : the timetable of technology generation
  • Basic research on new generation of fuel cells
  • (PEMFC HT, SOFC)

P

Passenger car

Stationary FC for residential use

Hybrid FC véhicles, fleet FC vehicles

Stationary FC for high added value applications (UPS, telecoms, …)

Small auto FC

(mild hybrid, range extender, APU…)

Small stationary FC

(tools, back up,…)

Small auto FC

(disabled, gold cart,…)

FC for portable devices

T

a functional analysis of policy support to the unfolding of the learning curves

Function # 7 : strategic steering, overall coordination

Function # 1: support to and coord. of basic research

Function # 4: goal performance setting and stadardisation

Function # 5: standardisation of modules

Function # 2 : science industry coordination

Function # 6: early market support

Function # 3 : de demonstration of early generation of fuel cells

A functional analysis of policy support to the unfolding of the learning curves
  • Basic research on new generation of fuel cells
  • (PEMFC HT, SOFC)

Passenger car

Stationary FC for residential use

Hybrid FC véhicles, fleet FC vehicles

Stationary FC for high added value applications (UPS, telecoms, …)

Small auto FC

(mild hybrid, range extender, APU…)

Small stationary FC

(tools, back up,…)

Small auto FC

(disabled, gold cart,…)

FC for portable devices

T

7 functions for policy support to the unfolding of the fuel cell learning curve
7 functions for policy support to the unfolding of the fuel cell learning curve
  • Function # 1: support to and coordination of basic research
    • Ex: Canadian CNRC fuel cell programme
    • Ex : DOE programme
  • Function # 2 : science industry coordination
    • Ex: FreedomCar and Fuel Initiative
    • Ex: PACo network / PanH-ANR programme
  • Function # 3 : demonstration of early generation of fuel cells
    • California fuel cell partnership
    • H2 highways, airport, village…
7 functions for policy support to the unfolding of the fuel cell learning curve1
7 functions for policy support to the unfolding of the fuel cell learning curve
  • Function # 4: goal performance setting and standardisation
    • US DOE programme
    • Japanese FFCJ roadmaps
  • Function # 5: standardisation of modules
    • SECA Programme (multi-application FC module)
  • Function # 6: early market support
    • Canadian H2 Early Adopters program
  • Function # 7: strategic steering
    • Japanese FFCJ, European HFP platform
slide14

Thank you for your attention

philippe.larrue@technopolis-group.com