AP World History: Absolutism in Spain. Period 4. I What was absolutism?. European monarchs in the 16 th and 17 th centuries sought to have absolute , or unlimited power. Due to divine right : belief that monarchs receive their power directly from god, and are responsible to god alone.
“…The Jews who were forced to renounce Judaism and embrace Catholicism were known as "Conversos," or converts. There were also those who feigned conversion, practicing Catholicism outwardly while covertly practicing Judaism, the so-called "Marranos," or swine… Recently, a number of Spanish scholars, such as Jose Erugo, Celso Garcia de la Riega, Otero Sanchez and Nicholas Dias Perez, have concluded that Columbus was a Marrano, whose survival depended upon the suppression of all evidence of his Jewish background in face of the brutal, systematic ethnic cleansing…” – CNN, May 24 2012
- His son Philip II inherited Spain, the Netherlands and overseas colonies
Hapsburg Ruler and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Who wants to kiss me?
An armada is a fleet of warships that is organized to carry out a mission.
My loving people, we have been persuaded by some, that are careful of our safety, to take heed how we commit ourselves to armed multitudes, for fear of treachery; but I assure you, I do not desire to live to distrust my faithful and loving people. Let tyrants fear; I have always so behaved myself that, under God, I have placed my chiefest strength and safeguard in the loyal hearts and good will of my subjects. And therefore I am come amongst you at this time, not as for my recreation or sport, but being resolved, in the midst and heat of the battle, to live or die amongst you all; to lay down, for my God, and for my kingdom, and for my people, my honor and my blood, even the dust. I know I have but the body of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart of a king, and of a king of England, too; and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realms: to which, rather than any dishonor should grow by me, I myself will take up arms; I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder of every one of your virtues in the field. I know already, by your forwardness, that you have deserved rewards and crowns; and we do assure you, on the word of a prince, they shall be duly paid you. In the mean my lieutenant general shall be in my stead, than whom never prince commanded a more noble and worthy subject; not doubting by your obedience to my general, by your concord in the camp, and by your valor in the field, we shall shortly have a famous victory over the enemies of my God, of my kingdom, and of my people.
Queen Elizabeth I - 1588
C) Spanish ships had to retreat to the stormy north sea after running out of water and ammunition.
D) Some of the Spanish ships sank near the rocky coasts of Ireland and Scotland.
E) Defeat of the Spanish Armada signaled the downfall of Spain as a global naval power.
“I know who I am and who I may be, if I choose.” - Don Quixote
“Thou hast seen nothing yet.” – Don Quixote