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The Gas Laws Section 14.1 Objectives: 7.0 Explain the behavior of ideal gases in terms of pressure, volume, and temperature using Charles's law, Boyle's law, and Gay-Lussac's law.
KMT Review 3 Assumptions: Intermolecular forces? Size and space? Motion? What happens to the kinetic energy when gas particles collide? If two gases have the same temperature, how does the average kinetic energy of the gases compare?
Boyle’s Law Lab • Boyle’s law states that the ________ of a gas varies ___________ with _____________. • This means that as volume increases, pressure ______________. • Boyle’s Law: P1V1 = P2V2 • Give an example of application of Boyle’s law. • Example/Practice: P.422
Charles’s Law • What happens to a balloon if you put it in a warm car? • So how are temperature and volume related? • As temperature increases, volume _________. • Charles’s Law: V1/T1 = V2/T2 • What units should you use for temperature in this equation????? • Example/Practice: P.425
Gay-Lussac’s Law • Think about the balloon again. What happens to volume if temperature increases? So what will happen to the pressure if temperature increases? • Gay-Lussac’s Law: P1/T1 = P2/T2 • Again, what units MUST temperature be in? • Example/Practice: P.427
Assignment • Workbook: P.79 • P.448: 88-91