language and dialect n.
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Language and Dialect - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Language and Dialect
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  1. Language and Dialect Lecture-2 iwanfauzi09@yahoo.com

  2. What is language?

  3. Why Language Vary: • Languages are always systematic, and variation among their speakers is absolutely normal. • Language is arbritary. Thank youTerimakasih Dankje Merci SyukronArigato BedankSalamat Gracias

  4. What is dialect ?

  5. This is to say that ...

  6. Dialect: lexical variation (LV)

  7. For example: dialects in USA

  8. “Tired” or “Exhausted” in US

  9. LV phenomena

  10. Dialect: phonological variation

  11. For instance: • The dialect of Bostonian; • Pahkyo' car in Hahvahdyahd • “Park your car in Harvard yard“

  12. Dialect: grammatical variation Grammatical variation involves two sub-types: ’morphology’and’syntax’.

  13. For instance:

  14. Why dialect differences arise and persist One factor is the influence of geographical barriers. A river, a mountain range, or an expanse of barren land, can serve to keep two populations apart, creating or maintaining differences in usage between dialects on either side.

  15. Other factors why dialect arises

  16. For instance: Contact with Louisiana French in the East has led to loans like; • jambalaya"rice stew" and bayou"inlet,“ While contact with Mexican Spanish along the South Western border has yielded loans like; • mesa"dry plateau," and lariat"rope with a noose"

  17. Concluding Remarks No two speakers of a language speak exactly the same way. Dialect: A variety of a language spoken by a group of people that is characterized by systematic features (e.g., phonological, lexical, grammatical) that distinguish it from other varieties of that same language. Idiolect: the speech variety of an individual speaker

  18. Thank You