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Language and Dialect Lecture-2 email@example.com
Why Language Vary: • Languages are always systematic, and variation among their speakers is absolutely normal. • Language is arbritary. Thank youTerimakasih Dankje Merci SyukronArigato BedankSalamat Gracias
For instance: • The dialect of Bostonian; • Pahkyo' car in Hahvahdyahd • “Park your car in Harvard yard“
Dialect: grammatical variation Grammatical variation involves two sub-types: ’morphology’and’syntax’.
Why dialect differences arise and persist One factor is the influence of geographical barriers. A river, a mountain range, or an expanse of barren land, can serve to keep two populations apart, creating or maintaining differences in usage between dialects on either side.
For instance: Contact with Louisiana French in the East has led to loans like; • jambalaya"rice stew" and bayou"inlet,“ While contact with Mexican Spanish along the South Western border has yielded loans like; • mesa"dry plateau," and lariat"rope with a noose"
Concluding Remarks No two speakers of a language speak exactly the same way. Dialect: A variety of a language spoken by a group of people that is characterized by systematic features (e.g., phonological, lexical, grammatical) that distinguish it from other varieties of that same language. Idiolect: the speech variety of an individual speaker