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ISLAMIC REVELATION THE QUR`AN NAMES OF THE REVELATION Al-Qur’an = “the Recitation” Al-Kitab = “the Book” Dhikr = “Remembrance, admonition” Al-Furqan = “the Differntiating [truth]” Al-Tanzil = “the Revealed” Mathani = “Oft-repeated” QUR’ANIC TECHNICAL TERMS

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names of the revelation
NAMES OF THE REVELATION
  • Al-Qur’an = “the Recitation”
  • Al-Kitab = “the Book”
  • Dhikr = “Remembrance, admonition”
  • Al-Furqan = “the Differntiating [truth]”
  • Al-Tanzil = “the Revealed”
  • Mathani = “Oft-repeated”
qur anic technical terms
QUR’ANIC TECHNICAL TERMS
  • AYAH, plural AYAT = literally, “sign, proof, evidence”; technically, “verse of the Qur’an”
  • SURAH = lit.“wall surrounding a city”; tech. “chapter of the Qur’an
  • JUZ’ = “part” one of the 30 parts in which the text is divided
114 surahs of the qur an
114 SURAHS OF THE QUR’AN
  • Each surah has basmalah = “In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate”, except for Surah # 9, entitled “Tauba” = Repentance
  • Al-Fatiha = “The Opening” is the first surah, that begins with basmalah and is followed by hamdalah = “Praise belongs to God.”
history of the text
HISTORY OF THE TEXT
  • The Art of Writing – Orthography in pre-Islamic Arabia not well-developed, although writing was prevalent.
  • “God taught the use of pen.” (96:4)
  • Collection of the Qur’an during the Prophet’s time – the role of scribes
the meccan sections
THE MECCAN SECTIONS
  • Style: short, rhymed prose (Arabic favorable to the production of rhymed forms)
  • Maxims introduced by “Say” (qul)
  • Soothsayer’s utterances
  • Oaths and “when” passages
  • Dramatic, homiletic in order to impress the conscience and clinch an argument
the medinan sections
THE MEDINAN SECTIONS
  • Narratives and parables
  • Long verses with ritual and legal prescriptions
  • Liturgy and faith
  • Social and political matters introduced in the prophetic narratives
  • The challenge to think and reflect over rather than “close” the text
doctrines of the qur an
DOCTRINES OF THE QUR’AN
  • On human being, humanity, guidance
  • On Oneness of God, the Creator, the Nurturer, the Compassionate, the Forgiving
  • On society and prophets
  • On human dignity and religious pluralism
  • On male-female relations
  • On human relationships