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Revelation

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  1. Revelation

  2. Background • Extreme approaches to Revelation: • Genre – Apocalyptic, Letter, Prophecy • Political cartoon metaphor • 5 features of Apocalyptic: SAVED • Symbolism, pictorial language • Angels, heavenly messenger mediated • Visions, dreams • End of all things—cosmic in scope • Dualism: good/evil; light/darkness • Authorship – John – Rev. 1:1

  3. Background (skip) • Literary similarities to the Gospel of John • Logos--word • Lamb of God • Christ pierced • Overcome • Bridegroom • Marturia/witness (cf. martyr)

  4. Interpretative Approaches toRevelation • Preteristic View –1st century focus • Description/definition • Advantages • Disadvantages • Idealist View – conceptual of all times • Description/definition • Advantages • Disadvantages

  5. Interpretative Approaches to Revelation • Historical View – through church history • Description/definition • Advantages • Disadvantages • Futuristic View – end times focus • Description/definition • Advantages • Disadvantages • The truth on Revelation

  6. Premillennial Time Line Millennium 1000 years Eternal State: New Jerusalem Church Age 2000 + years Tribulation 7 years Christ’s coming: Rapture? Pre-, Mid-, Post-Trib

  7. Characteristics • Symbolism • OT Orientation • One world concept – Globalization, evil trinity, mark of the Beast--666 • Divine Judgment resulting in world disasters (7 seals, 7 trumpets, 7 bowls) • Christ-centered • Song and worship • New world order

  8. 7 Churches (Rev 2-3) structure • Approaches: Historical 1st century, Progressive Church History, Omni-temporal/spiritual/typical • Pattern • Vision of Christ • Commendation • Condemnation • Advice • Curse & blessing • Example – Ephesus, Laodicea

  9. Bouncing through 4-19 • 7 Seals, 7 Trumpet, 7 Bowl judgments • Sequential • Overlapping • Simultaneous • Future through the eyes of first century imagery

  10. Millennium • Rev 20 • Pre-millennial:Christ returns, sets up 1000 reign on earth, Satan bound • Amillennial: reign of Christ = Church • Post-millennial: World gets better and better until the reign of God comes naturally

  11. Message of Revelation • God is in control of the future • Satan counterfeits and looses • Right triumphs in the end after a long period of chaos • There are tears in heaven 21:4 • Jesus is coming again– Our response to this purifying hope: 1 Jn 3:2f • Christ with Sword--Rev. 19 • Laodicea Rev. 3:16f

  12. The End • Rev. 21:3-4 Emmanuel, together forever • Rev 21:22-24 no temple • Rev. 22:12-13 Christ’s coming • John’s awareness he is writing Scripture 22:18f canonical formula (cf. Deut. 4:2) • Behold the lamb of God who takes away: • Gen. 3, Abraham, David, Child, Servant, birth, life, death, resurrection and coming • NT for the rest of your life