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REVELATION. CHAPTER 2. Verse 1. As we move into Chapter two, and then three, it is necessary to look into the history and circumstances of each city,. as a whole, so that we may better understand the circumstances of each church and the message that they are receiving. .

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revelation

REVELATION

CHAPTER 2

slide2

Verse 1

As we move into Chapter two, and then three, it is necessary to look into the history and circumstances of each city,
slide3
as a whole, so that we may better understand the circumstances of each church and the message that they are receiving.
slide4
It will become evident that the cities were largely pagan and that the churches consisted of converted Jews and pagans.
slide5

The Epistles tell us that there was much dissension between the formerly Jewish Christians and the formerly pagan Christians and that both were persecuted by both the pagans, who usually held the positions of authority, and also by the unconverted Jews.

slide6
A study of relativistic pagan society reveals a life of brutal drudgery and a hopelessness for any thing better - EVER!
slide7
This was only relieved by the "religious" celebrations which involved much drunken debauchery, fornication and licentiousness.
slide8

This was the only relief in a life devoid of hope for purpose, fulfillment and joy. This was/is the empty space in anyone's soul that can only be filled by the Spirit of God, the Father, the Almighty.

slide9

The pagans resisted conversion because of their misunderstanding of the message of the apostles which led them to disdain the perceived aceticness of Christianity for the ''joy'' of their pagan religious party-times.

slide11

In what is to come, Christ lays bare the true state of each individual church and this state can be seen in the churches of history and in the state of the churches of today.

slide12

We gain this understanding from the fact that only seven churches were selected from the multitude that existed in John's time and by the fact that, at the close of each letter, there is a statement that the Holy Spirit is speaking to the churches.

slide13

As we encounter the number seven applied to these churches we tend to focus on the fact that seven is symbolic of perfection, yet we will find that these churches are far from perfect.

slide14

Seven is also a metaphor for completion and, in considering the flaws of these churches, we find that Yehovah has provided a ''complete'' list of the sins of His people.

slide15
In our day this means that if repentance isn't accomplished by us, Revelation will be accomplished by Yehovah.
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We might also consider how many of these sins fall into the unpardonable category because they stem from unbelief.
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(A) That Christ always describes himself by a characteristic suited to the circumstances of each particular church regardless of whether the message promises encouragement or terror.

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(B)each epistle is directed to the angel or messenger of the church. These would likely be the pastors because they are the mouth of God for the congregation. Once again we see that revelation was written to be understood by all and to be declared publically.

slide20

(C)each epistle is concluded with a promise of eternal glory and happiness for victorious believers and a solemn call to every reader and hearer to seriously learn and apply the contents of these letters to their lives.

ephesus the loveless church would metaphorically represent the church times up to 100ad
Ephesus, the "loveless" church, would metaphorically represent the church times up to 100AD.
verses 1 7 are a letter of warning to the church in the city of ephesus which means desirable
verses 1-7, are a letter of warning to the Church in the city of Ephesus (which means "desirable").
slide23
Under Caesar Augustus, Ephesus became the capitol of the Roman province of Asia, which is presently the western portion of Turkey.
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It is the city of the Seat of Diana (aka Artemis), the "mother of the gods". The Temple of Diana was built in 480BC.
slide26

Christianity came to the city with Paul, Aquila and Priscilla, as per Acts 18:18-19 & 19:10. Timothy had charge of the church for a time according to 1 Timothy 1:3.

slide30

Verse 2

Is an indication that the faith formerly held by this church, and the evangelism and works that faith had generated, have been judged and approved by Christ.

slide31
Jesus commends them for carefully discerning the lies and evil deeds of false teachers and rejecting them.
slide32

Verse 3

Is a commendation for patiently bearing persecution for their faith and carrying on regardless. The word "fainted" means to grow weary and give up.

slide33

Verse 4

Is a condemnation # for an intentional act of rebellion against the faith (Jer 2:2 & Eze 16:8) and, thus, against Jesus.
slide34

Eph1:15-16, shows that some 30 years before this time, this church was commended for the strength of its love for Christ and their fellow man.

slide35
This would indicate that this congregation had turned inward, not only against society but also against each other.
slide37

This would mean that their righteous works had faltered and failed and so their love for Jesus and His Gospel and even each other, had dried up entirely, hence the "loveless" comment.

slide38

Similarly, this could also mean that this congregation had been distracted by the busyness of the activities of the world around them to the point that their ardent love for Jesus had cooled due to neglect.

slide39

In our lives, we need to consider if our own love for the Lord has lost its initial passion, if we too have been distracted by the busyness of the world

slide41

Verse 5

Is a call to remember who they were those 30 years ago and to return to that state of affairs quickly before Jesus removes their candlestick #, extinguishing their light unto the world.

slide42

The verbs "remember", "repent" and "do" are the "first things" involved in re-birth and entering into the work of the Great Commission, and in this sense this warning takes the form of commandments.

slide43
Now that we know what the candlestick represents, we can see the seriousness of the error and the warning.
slide44
Now that we know what the candlestick represents, we can see the seriousness of the error and the warning.
slide45

This denunciation began to unfold during the persecutions of the emperors Decius Gallus and Valerian and was completed to the letter by the Saracens and the Turks.

slide47

In our present day this could be taken as "deprive thee of Gospel light": Bibles that are unread, Lord's Days not kept, ministers not listened to, communions not observed, liberties abused rather than valued.

slide49

”And the saying pleased the whole multitude: and they chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of Holy Ghost, and Philip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas a proselyte of Antioch:”

slide53

In this we see a direct challenge to the temple of Artemis, which was a refuge for criminals, because Jesus is saying that He is the only effective refuge from our sinfulness.

slide54
Of particular note is the observation that Jesus is speaking yet He is saying that the Holy Spirit is speaking.
slide55

Just as the Bible repeatedly states that God the Heavenly Father and Jesus are One, here we are finding that Jesus and the Holy Spirit are One. We have confirmation from the mouth of our Lord and Saviour that the Holy Trinity is a reality.

slide56

(Verses 8-11)Are a letter to the church at Smyrna. (Myrrh means sweet-smelling). "The Persecuted Church". It is a seaport city about 35 miles north of Ephesus and is called Izmir today.

slide58
The city was one of many that were a center of the imperial cult (emperor worship) and it was also a shrine to the goddess "Nemesis".
slide59

This Greek goddess was also know as "Rhamnous" which is the spirit of divine retribution, especially to those who succumb to "hubris": the arrogance of the gods.

slide60

Greek Goddess

Known as:

Rhamnous

slide62

The Romans used the Latin name ''Invidia" for this goddess and that word implies "looking at with an evil eye" as in "to look against, to look at in a hostile manner".

slide64

We might want to give substantial reflection to what we are encountering in this because God the Father Almighty does nothing by chance - including choosing this particular church as an example to all, for every day, given what we now know.

slide66

Under the Emperor Diocletian, the church as a whole, endured the 10 days (prophetic years - v10) spoken of in Daniel, especially in light of Rev 2:10.

slide67

“Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.”

this occurred from 303 313ad and totally ended when constantine became a christian
This occurred from 303-313AD and totally ended when Constantine became a "Christian".
slide69

This church is commended for being a persecuted church and this would make it a metaphor for the church of Jesus Christ in the times of 100-313AD.

slide72

Verse 9

Tells us that Jesus has judged# the faith, and the works that faith has generated, and found them acceptable.
slide73
While they were poor in outward circumstances and in spirit, they were rich in faith and thus were heirs to God's kingdom and glory.
slide74

There is also mention of those who call themselves "Jews but are not", rather, they are Jews who have rejected Christ, or possibly apostate Christians who were also referred to as Jews by the pagans.

slide75

Formerly pagan Christians were also erroneously called Jews. ''Christians who are not'' are something we have become very familiar with.

slide76
Obviously, they would/do gather in the synagogues of Satan as they were not God's people and thus the house is not Yehovah's either.
slide78
The fact that Jesus calls the Jews this is also a foreshadowing of the upcoming permanent split between the Jews and Christians.
slide80

There were specifics given as to these tribulations and the time frame of 10 prophetic days (years) and that there would be great reward for all who stood-fast to Him.

slide83

but the rewards spoken of here and elsewhere in the Bible are earned by the quality of our service to the LORD God through works and the enduring of tribulation for the faith. These rewards are also spoken of in scripture as "crowns".

slide84

(Verses 12-17)

A letter to the "compromising church",the church at Pergamum (meaning elevation or to lift up the self over the divine), also known as Pergamos.

slide86
It had one of the finest libraries of antiquity and was the place where parchment (writing material made of animal skins) was first used.
slide87
At one time, it was the capitol of the Roman province of Asia. It was the location of the Temple of Zeus and the Babylonian Priesthood.
slide88

This priesthood was driven out of Babylon by the Medo-Persians and they took with them the Palladium Stone, the Dagon vestments, the title PontifexMaximus (the bridge between Heaven and Earth),

slide89
the keys (subsequently claimed by the popes to be Peter's keys to the leadership of the church) and miter of office.
the last pontiff king of pergamum attalus iii bequeathed the title and vestments to rome in 133bc
The last pontiff king of Pergamum, Attalus III, bequeathed the title and vestments to Rome in 133BC.
slide91
In 378AD, the Emperor Gratian refused the title and office and it was subsequently seized by Damascus, the Bishop of Rome.
slide92

Esubeus, a heretical "church father" who later lived here, re-wrote parts of the Bible under the direction of the pope, to diminish Christ to equality with the pagan gods.

slide93

Metaphorically, this would place events like those described here of Pergamum, between 313-583AD in church history, a period of compromise and corruption.

slide94
Consider again that the foundation of all unpardonable sin is unbelief in the known nature of Yehovah.
slide95

In knowing and believing Yehovah, there is NO possibility of denying or compromising one's faith. A knowing person just wouldn't have the nerve.

slide96

Verse 12

unmistakeably describes the speaker as Jesus.This city was one of few that had been granted the "Right of the Sword" by Rome.
slide97
This meant that the civic leaders could sentence criminals to death by the sword and carry out the sentence.
slide99
Jesus showing up with a sword would be a direct challenge to the authorities and their presumed right to judge Christians.
slide101

Verse 13

Jesus makes positive mention of a martyr named An'tipas (the name means anti-pontiff and we need to think about that) who died either at the imperial cult temple or the temple of Zeus.

slide104

Jesus condemns the church as a whole for its acceptance of the teachings of Balaam and the corruption prevalent in the church because of it.

slide105

In 2 Peter 2:15-16 and Jude 11, this points to false teachers who do their deeds for fame and fortune, a sin readily observed in this day.

slide106
From our knowledge of events recorded in this letter, we come to realize that COMPROMISE is regarded by Jesus as A GREAT EVIL!
slide107

COMPROMISE can only lead to spiritual fornication.COMPROMISE is an unpardonable sin because its foundation is unbelief regarding Yehovah.

slide108
The sin they taught was COMPROMISE with pagan traditions, especially the eating of foods sacrificed to idols.
slide110

We have had a look at the massive pollution of Christianity, at the hands of Constantine and the CC, when pagan traditions were adopted/blended in to the reality of Jesus Christ and His ministry.

slide111
This was nothing other than blatant compromise. Symbolically, it is the sowing of mixed spiritual seed (Lev 19:19).
slide112

This seems to be especially so in the CC timings of the Sabbath(Isa 56:6-7), the Nativity and the Crucifixion.Deu 12:1-4 is an unmistakeable prohibition of such practices.

slide113
This is much more clearly stated in the Hebrew scripture: ''You shall not worship YEHOVAH your God in such ways.''
slide114

We need to carefully study the full context of this event to understand the power of its condemnation of adopting pagan practices into the worship Yehovah Almighty.

slide115

We need to carefully consider how totally unacceptable this is to Him. We are not looking at a trivial sin, this is a major offense to Our Heavenly Father.

slide116

I don't think I would care for Jesus to be hating what I was up to, yet, just as in that time, people today don't seem to be considering the consequences.

slide118

Verse 16-17

is a call for sincere repentance to occur quickly, the rewards of accomplishing this and the consequences of not doing so.
jesus warns the baalamites that he will wage war against them with the sword of god s holy word
Jesus warns the Baalamites that He will wage war against them with the sword of God's Holy Word.
slide120
The "hidden manna", which was the manna hidden within the Arc of the Covenant as a memorial to the time in the wilderness,
slide121

as it is spoken of here refers to the sufficiency of Jesus Christ for all of a believers needs, just as manna was sufficient for the needs of the Hebrews in the desert.

slide123
A black one signified death and/or rejection while a white stone reflected innocence and/or acceptance.
slide124

Such a stone was often used as an invitation to a special feast: in this instance the end times wedding banquet with Christ (Rev 19:7-9/Matt 22:11-13).

coloured amulets worn around the wrist or neck signified belonging to a particular group or person
Coloured amulets worn around the wrist or neck signified belonging to a particular group or person.
slide127

The "engraving of a name" refers to the Hebrew custom of engraving the names of the tribes of Israel upon the stones worn on the shoulders and breast of the high priest (Exo 28:10-11).

slide128

The "name that no man knoweth..." refers to the nature and value of that "new name" (child of God) which the Lord bestows upon all who love Him (Gen 32:28; 1 Jn 3:1)

slide129

Verses 18-29

are the message to the "corrupt church", the church at Thyatira, meaning: "the sweet savour of labour; sacrifice and contrition" which is a Satanic teaching that works alone bring salvation.

slide130

This concept is spoken to directly in v19"and the last to be more than the first" because the church had come to supplant salvation by faith alone with salvation by works - as is found in many liberal imitation churches today.

slide131

The city was noted for its many trade guilds and for its wool cloth and dyeing industries, in particular the royal colours of purple and crimson

slide133

It was also known for the "burnished bronze" metal (a special alloy of copper and an unusual silvery zinc that was only ever produced in this city) often used to describe the luminous quality of Christ.

slide135
It was the site of the temple of Apollo, which also had an altar to many female goddesses, who was a sun god
slide136
the round communion wafers of the Catholic Church are identical to those used by pagans when communing with the Egyptian sun god Osiris,
slide137
but all sun gods are the same sun god and worshiped basically the same way, pointing to the common origin of Nimrod.
slide139

Verse 18

is a confirmation that it is Jesus who is speaking. The ''eyes like unto a flame of fire'' denote judgement.
slide140
The ''feet are like fine brass'' denotes steadfastness and a ''can't be moved from His position'' attitude. Fixed like a statue.
slide142

Their former faith was judged and found to be sound but that no longer matters because a serious fault has been found. Salvation possibly lost.

slide143

The ''last becoming more than the first'' is once again pointing out the tendency to focus more on works and the busyness of the world than on the faith which alone saves us.That saving faith then produces works.

slide145

In this instance the condemnation is for tolerating the false teachings of this false ''prophet''. Yeshuadoes not seem to be happy about such things.

slide147

Hopefully, within any given ''church'', there will be at least a single voice of protest and that voice is ignored at the false teacher's peril.

slide149
The false teacher and her followers are in the same trouble and under the same condemnation. The only escape is immediate repentance.
slide151
In the context of the historical church, the children are the apostate denominations of the apostate mother church (RCC).
jesus is going to punish those who follow false teachers such as jezebel just as he will punish her
Jesus is going to punish those who follow false teachers such as Jezebel, just as He will punish her.
slide154

This, again, is an appropriate place to consider the prohibition of Deu 12:4. Yehovah is highly specific as to how, and where, He is worshipped.

slide155

Verse 24

speaks of a split in this church which is essentially a battle within the church between God and Satan.
slide157

The "depths of Satan", meaning the deep things of Satan spoken of in this verse, is found in the occult practices and initiation rites of secret societies even into this day.

slide158

Like many present day false teachers offering up "the deep things of Christianity", they are actually offering up the deep things of Satan using Christian words and thoughts (wolf in sheep's clothing?).

slide159

These deep things of Satan are the depths of occultism in practice. Jesus promises those who reject such things that there will be no additional burdens (tribulations) placed upon them, which is an indication of the Rapture.

slide160

Verse 25 - 26

speaks of the second coming and the need to hold fast to the true doctrine of Christianity until then, as well as the rewards for doing so.
slide161

To the members of the church who do persevere in the face of temptation and persecution, and who judge all according to their works and act accordingly,

slide163

Verse 27

speaks of how Jesus will be dealing with# the apostate - the violence and anger involved in cleaning house with such a tool as a rod of iron(Ps 2:8-9).

slide167

Verse 28-29

is most probably a reference to Jesus being the light of the world, as this is often a reference to Jesus Himself.
when we evangelize and live lives that reflect christ we become a light unto the world as well
When we evangelize and live lives that reflect Christ, we become a light unto the world as well.
slide169
Jesus' anger was because of the church accepting the teachings of Balim through compromise with the pagans.(Rev 2:6).
slide170
Often this compromise was not necessarily willing but was more an indication of the weakness of their faith.
slide171

They lacked the understanding of the Gospel required to be strong and stand fast and so they compromised to stop the congregational infighting and the persecution from without.

slide172

We continue to see this in this day when people who know that false teaching is occurring yet they refuse to stand up and be counted for Christ - just to avoid the controversy.

slide174
In AD 451, the Catholic Church held the "Council of Ephesus" at which time the title of "Mother of God" was bestowed upon Mary.
slide175

We can never lose sight of the FACT that God pre-existed Mary. Her role, while magnificent, was only as the mother of the human incarnation of the Son of God, our Emanuel, Jesus Christ.

slide176

He pre-existed with God the Father, Mary was never totally and completely Jesus' mother. The Catholic title is errant. Their worship of her is an abomination.(Exo 20:1-5)

slide178
No church on earth is without its flaws, errors and weaknesses. Far too many have glaring iniquities and false teachers.
perfection commences in heaven but the striving for perfection should be a life long vocation
Perfection commences in Heaven but the striving for perfection should be a life long vocation.
slide180

It is a wondrous state of affairs, and a greater mercy, that Jesus Christ communicates His warnings, directions, and encouragements to all who call themselves Christian, whether pastor or congregant.

slide182

Jesus' own characteristics, which we are to emulate, and His parables, teachings and commandments of the Gospels and Revelation, which we are to learn from and adapt to, answer exactly every question a seeker will encounter.

slide184

Jesus immediately takes kind and loving notice of the graces, services and sufferings for His sake and how diligently His followers oppose what is evil and perform what is good.

slide185

Graciously, Jesus dwells among those who are truly His and those who are diligently seeking Him; and He supports, furnishes and directs those who are His ministers;

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He begins and assists all that concerns them in time and eternity; and He lives for them as their risen and exalted Redeemer.
slide187

With tender compassion Jesus reminds us of the deviations and irregularities in our beliefs and faith and He unfailingly calls each of us to repentance and reformation.

slide189

The multitude of promises Jesus has made to all who would but listen, encourages all to faithfully wrestle against every known sin in themselves and in others.

slide190
Spiritual and Heavenly are the delights He bestows upon those who heed and sure is their security from eternal damnation.
slide191

If only we remain faithful to Christ, infinite is the glory, acceptance, pleasure, excellence in endeavour, and power over evil opposers, that will be our reward.

slide192

For those who refuse to heed the warnings of Jesus, awful are the threats He has made and tremendous are His judgements upon imposters, hypocritical professors and obstinate sinners!

slide193
No boast of deep and devilish understanding, no power in deceiving His people nor in the persecution of His people - no power at all -
slide194
can screen the perpetrators of these things from the righteous and destructive judgement of Jesus Christ.