In 1607, the Virginia Company sponsored the first successful English colony in North America. Jamestown. National Geographic Magazine, May 2007. by Karen Phillips. Jamestown - the Peninsula.
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In 1607, the Virginia Company sponsored the first successful English colony in North America.
National Geographic Magazine, May 2007
by Karen Phillips
When 104 English male settlers arrived in May 1607 in the Chesapeake Bay area, they had little choice of land. The Indians were hunting, gathering, or farming on all the good land. So the settlers had to pick land that was swampy, mosquito-infested, and had bad water many months of the year.
In the seventeenth century in England, a first-born son inherited a family’s whole estate.
This meant that younger siblings had to make their own fortunes, or be dependent on an older brother’s generosity for the rest of their lives.
Because of this law of primogeniture, many younger siblings left England
hoping to obtain land and make their fortunes in the New World.
The Virginia Company English colony in North America.
Although the colony was named for King James, he didn’t fund the colony.
A for profit company, called the Virginia Company, sold shares to investors, who were hoping to make a quick profit when the colonists found gold.
The Indians and Their Land in 1607 English colony in North America.
By 1607, Powhatan, the area’s powerful Indian chief, had organized six of the area’s tribes into a confederation that reached from the Patomac River to Cape Henry.
The Indians the English called the Powhatan, did not welcome the English, nor did they exterminate them even when they could have. Why not?
104 colonists arrived in May, 1607. the English, nor did they exterminate them even when they could have. Why not?
About half of them had
died by September, 1607.
Between 1607 and 1624,
3 out of every 4 colonists
died of famine, disease, or
conflict with the Indians.
If 40% of the colonists died and 60 people survived, how many colonists were in the colony before The Starving Time killed so many?
over the more organized,
populous, and successful
the English, nor did they exterminate them even when they could have. Why not?the exchange between the Old and New World of flora and fauna, ideas, and diseases
Why were these animals and this plant so dangerous to the Indians of the Chesapeake?
ｷThe English changed the ecology of the land and made it unlivable for the Indians.
ｷThe English brought pigs, worms, cattle, and honeybees, which all destroyed the Indians’ habitat.
ｷThe English fenced in their crops, but the Indians didn’t.
ｷThe English pigs would escape, quickly grow wild, and eat and destroy the Indians’ crops that weren’t fenced.
ｷApparently, worms had died out in the New World during the last Ice Age.
ｷ The worms that the Europeans brought ate the leaf litter that supplied the North American trees with nutrients.
ｷ With the leaf litter gone, the flora the Indians knew disappeared, and trees the Europeans used prospered.
Mann, Charles C. “America, Found & Lost.” National Geographic Magazine. May, 2007. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic.
Lange, Karen E. “What would you take to the New World?” National Geographic Magazine. May, 2007. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic.