Download
latin 101 the words of latin n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Latin 101: The words of Latin PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Latin 101: The words of Latin

Latin 101: The words of Latin

81 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Latin 101: The words of Latin

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Latin 101: The words of Latin Parts of speech and grammatical functions How to learn Latin vocabulary

  2. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH The glowing moon, reflecting brightly from snowy mountains, showed them a lake and this path, which we are traveling happily, because our climbing is so easy. Yay! Each word belongs to a word-type (or part of speech). What parts of speech do we see here?

  3. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH Definite Article Noun The glowing moon, Participle (adjective formed from verb)

  4. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH Preposition Participle reflecting brightly from snowy mountains, Adverb Adjective Noun

  5. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH Coordinating conjunction Indefinite article Verb Noun showed them a lake and this path Pronoun Demonstrative adjective Noun

  6. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH (Auxiliary verb ‘to be’) Participle Relative pronoun which we are traveling happily Adverb Personal pronoun Verb (present progressive)

  7. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH Subordinating conjunction (causal) Adverb/particle Gerund (verbal noun) because our climbing is so easy. Yay! Adjective (personal) Adjective Verb (‘to be’) Interjection

  8. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsGRAMMATICAL FUNCTION The glowing moon, reflecting brightly from snowy mountains, showed them a lake and this path, which we are traveling happily, because our climbing is so easy. Yay! Words and phrases play distinct roles in the meaning of the sentence. Each serves its own grammatical function. What functions are played by the words and phrases here?

  9. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsGRAMMATICAL FUNCTION The glowing moon, reflecting brightly from snowy mountains, showed(to) them a lake and this path, which we are traveling happily, because our climbing is so easy. Yay! SUBJECT DIRECT OBJECT MAIN VERB INDIRECT OBJECT

  10. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsIn Latin The glowing moon, reflecting brightly from snowy mountains, showed them a lake and this path, which we are traveling happily, because our climbing is so easy. Yay! RELATIVE CLAUSE PARTICIPIAL CLAUSE CAUSAL CLAUSE

  11. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsGRAMMATICAL FUNCTION this path, whichweare traveling DIRECT OBJECT within relative clause MAIN VERB within relative clause SUBJECT within relative clause

  12. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsGRAMMATICAL FUNCTION Our climbing isso easy. COMPLEMENT/ PREDICATE MAIN VERB SUBJECT

  13. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsIN LATIN Noun (proper noun) Participle Adjective Verb Noun Graecia captaferumvictōremcēpit Greece having-been-captured (her) fierce conqueror captured SUBJECT DIRECT OBJECT MAIN VERB

  14. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsIN LATIN Noun Noun Verb ‘to be’ Adjective Adjective ōrātorestvir bonus dīcendīperītus Gerund (An) orator is (a) man good (and) at-speaking skilled SUBJECT COMPLEMENT/PREDICATE MAIN VERB

  15. Dōn’tfōrgētyōūrmācrōns! 2. How to learn Latinvocabulary“Principal parts”: NOUNS Grammatical gender = crucial info Genitive singular form (“of the farmer”) = crucial info agricola, agricolaem. farmer fortūna, fortūnaef. chance, luck, fortune cōnsilium, cōnsiliīn.plan, advice Nominative singular form = basic form Different senses in English = crucial for changing contexts

  16. Why do you think there’s no 4th principal part for iaceō? 2. How to learn Latinvocabulary“Principal parts”: VERBS 1st person singular perfect active indicative (“I have called/I called”) perfect passive participle (“having been called”) 1st person singular present active indicative (“I call”) present active infinitive (“to call”) vocō, vocāre,vocāvī,vocātusto call; name dēbeō, dēbēre, dēbuī, dēbitus to owe; to be obligated to (“I ought”) iaceō, iacēre,iacui, —to lie (e.g., on the ground)

  17. 2. How to learn Latin vocabularyFor the next class-meeting: Be ready to be quizzed on vocab list at end of chs. 1 & 2. Give a dictionary entry for rosa: rosa, rosae f. “rose” Give the Latin word for “be afraid”: timeō, timēre, timuī, — “to fear, be afraid” VOCAB FLASHCARDS: http://www.leakyroofproductions.com/DataFiles/Shelmerdine_Latin/chapters_01-05/chapter_01/index.1.htm