Unit 1: Man’s Beginnings - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit 1: Man’s Beginnings

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  1. Unit 1: Man’s Beginnings

  2. Central Questions: • Who were man’s early ancestors? • What was the life of early man like? • Why are resources important to civilization? • What are the characteristics of civilization?

  3. Man’s Beginnings • Out of Africa Theory • Idea that every living human is descended from hominids that came from Africa and spread throughout the world • http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/journey/ Do this!  • Hominid: upright primate that walks on two feet • Two ideas on how hominids are related: • The early hominids aren’t all like “grandparents” but more like “cousins”… some die out, some survive, but no direct line • The early hominids (from Homo Erectus on) evolved and are improved and direct versions of each other • http://www.cnn.com/2013/10/17/world/europe/ancient-skull-human-evolution/?iref=obnetwork

  4. Out of Africa Theory

  5. Australopithecus • Appeared 3-4 million years ago • Average height: 3-5 feet • Had a voice box, which allowed them to speak • Nomads: Constantly moved in search of food • Hunters and gatherers

  6. Homo Habilis • “Person with ability” • Came out of Africa about 3-1.5 million years ago • Created stone tools • Had limited speech ability • Still hunters and gatherers

  7. Homo Erectus • “Upright Person” • Came out of Africa 150,00-200,000 years ago • Developments: • More advanced stone tools like hand axes • Used caves as a form of shelter • Draped animal skins for protective clothing • Controlled fire for warmth, protection, and cooking • Spoken language • Increased life spans and fewer diseases • Joined together in hunting and gathering groups

  8. Homo Sapiens • “Person who thinks” or “Wise man” • Lived 200,000 to 300,000 years ago • Divided into two different types: • Neanderthal: 200,000 to 35,000 years ago • Anatomically Modern Human: 60,000 to 8,000 years ago

  9. Neanderthal • Very intelligent compared to Homo Erectus • Probably believed in an afterlife • Buried the dead • Cared for disabled community members • Cannibals? • Developments • Hide-scraper (allowed them to clean animal skins which they sewed to make clothes) • Spear point • Used caves and simple lean-tos for shelter • Died out, but their DNA lives on in some humans today • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vmb41PcarVY

  10. Anatomically Modern Humans • aka AMH aka Cro-Magnon • Advanced beyond Neanderthals in technology • Developments • Knives, chisels, bow and arrow • Needles and sewed leather clothing • Fish hooks, harpoons, fishnets, and canoes • Sun-hardened pottery • Society • Worked in groups to hunt the wooly mammoth • Had formal leaders with special rights • Believed in an afterlife and had religious rituals involving cave paintings and sculptures

  11. Homo Sapiens Sapiens • Persons Who REALLY Thinks or “Wise, Wise Man” • Human beings’ direct ancestors • Marked by fully modern language • Abstract, creative, and symbolic thought • Came out of Africa 200,000 to 100,000 years ago • Co-existed with Neanderthals and AMHs and acquired their technological skills • Migrated throughout the world • Developed differently depending on their location and climate, developing different racial types • African, Asian, and Caucasian • Genetic structure of all humans is almost exactly the same

  12. Videos • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QdTk5OvtvM4 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q1ZmZXicwug <- Art Show • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGkmPqdjAeI&feature=related <- Stone Age Hunting (Everyone together at the end! Stand up!)