chapter 33 the great depression and the new deal n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 33: The Great Depression and the New Deal PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 33: The Great Depression and the New Deal

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 35

Chapter 33: The Great Depression and the New Deal - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 129 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 33: The Great Depression and the New Deal. By the awesome: Lacey Lausch Be prepared to learn. Essential Questions!. What exactly was the “New Deal?”

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 33: The Great Depression and the New Deal' - oria


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 33 the great depression and the new deal

Chapter 33: The Great Depression and the New Deal

By the awesome:

Lacey Lausch

Be prepared to learn.

essential questions
Essential Questions!
  • What exactly was the “New Deal?”
  • How did FDR’s Hundred Day’s Congress work on stomping out the Great Depression? What were some of the acts that were created when the Hundred Day’s Congress was taking place?
  • What are the three major administrations that were created during the period of the Great Depression, and what exactly did they do?
vocabulary
Vocabulary…
  • New Deal
  • Banking Relief Act of 1933
  • Fire side chats
  • Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
  • Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
  • National Recovery Administration (NRA)
  • Public Works Administration (PWA)
  • Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
  • Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936
  • Parity
some more vocabulary
Some More Vocabulary…
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
  • Social Security Act of 1935
  • Fair Labor Standards Act
  • Hatch Act of 1939
the election of 1932
The Election of 1932
  • Roosevelt ran up against Hoover in 1932.
  • Hoover was quickly swept out of office.
  • FDR preached about the New Deal and how he is going to help economy.
  • FDR’s major goals included..
    • Balanced budget
    • “Happy days are here again.”
fdr and the 3 r s
FDR and the 3 R’s
  • Inauguration Day
    • FDR gave people a newfound hope.
    • “Let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”
  • FDR had a new idea in mind, the 3 R’s.
  • Relief, Recover, Reform
  • Hundred Days Congress:
    • Much laws and acts had been imposed
    • Roosevelt had a lot of leadership power, the most seen in Democracy in a while.
    • People were really hoping it would help get out of the Depression.
  • Before inauguration, Hooverites blamed Roosevelt for the worsening conditions of the depression because Hoover could not pass laws without the direct consent of FDR.
let s manage our money
Let’s manage our.. (money!)
  • Banking Relief Act of 1933
    • Gave Roosevelt the power to regulate banking transactions and foreign exchange.
    • Power to reopen solvent banks.
    • Passed within the first days of FDR’s presidency.
  • Glass-Steagall Reform Act
    • Provided for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
    • The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insured individual deposits up to $5,000 (later raised).
  • Fireside Chats
    • Roosevelt spoke over the radio.
    • Gave assurance that it was safer to keep money in reopened banks than under the mattress.
fdr wants to protect gold reserve
FDR wants to protect Gold reserve!
  • FDR ordered all private holdings of gold to be surrendered to the Treasury in exchange for paper currency.
  • Took the nation of the gold standard.
  • Why?
    • Reduce inflation
    • Make cheaper prices
  • Congress responded to FDR’s course of action
    • Cancelled the gold-payment clause in all contracts.
    • Authorized repayment in paper money.
let s get managed currency
Let’s get managed (currency)
  • FDR wants to rid inflation.
  • FDR instructed the Treasury to purchase gold at increasing prices
  • Sound Money critics
    • Disgusted with the “baloney dollar.”
creating some jobs
Creating some jobs
  • Unemployment rates were at a record high, 25%.
  • 1 in every 4 workers had been without a job.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
    • Provided employment in government camps for about 3 million uniformed young men.
    • Work was useful to citizens, reforestation fire-fighting, flood control, and swamp drains.
    • Required to send home most of their pay to help their parents.
    • Later complaints of “militaring” the CCC.
federal emergency relief act
Federal Emergency Relief Act
  • Imposed the Federal Emergency Relief Administration
    • Ran by Harry Hopkins.
    • In all granted $3 billion to states for wages on work projects.
we got relief for farm boys and normal people too
We got relief for farm boys, and normal people too.
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act
    • Made millions of dollars available to help farmers meet their mortgages.
  • Home Owners Loan Corporation
    • Helped to refinance mortgages on non-farm homes.
    • Assisted about a million households.
fair competition makes leeway
Fair Competition Makes Leeway
  • National Recovery Administration (NRA)
    • Designed to assist industry, labor, and unemployed.
  • Public Works Administration (PWA)
    • Industrial recovery and unemployment relief
    • Long range recovery was the #1 purpose
    • $4 billion spent on 34,000 projects such as public buildings, highways/parkways.
    • Grand Coulee Dam (biggest structure since Great Wall of China).
      • Irrigation of millions of acres of land.
      • More electrical power.
  • Hours of labor had been reduced so that employment could be evenly distributed.
paying farmers not to farm
Paying Farmers not to Farm?
  • Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
    • Eliminate price-decreasing surpluses by paying grower to reduce crop acreage.
    • Since passed, it had first a wobbly start.
      • People were angered because farmers where throwing away food in a needed time.
      • Paying farmers not to farm increased unemployment.
      • Eventually killed by congress.
  • Second Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938
    • If growers observed acreage restrictions on specified commodities (cotton & wheat) they would be eligible for parity payments.
    • Parity: price set for a product that gave it the same value in purchasing power that it enjoyed from 1909-1914.
tennessee valley authority tva
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
  • Determined to discover how much the production and distribution of electricity cost so that a “yardstick” could be set up to test the fairness of rates charged.
  • Brought about full employment, cheap electric, low-cost housing, cheap nitrates, restoration of eroded soil, reforestation, improved navigation, and flood control.
  • Hydro-electric power was developed (not by TVA).
  • The electric power industry began to take hold of americans.
housing time
Housing time
  • Federal Housing Administration (FHA)
    • Building industry was to be stimulated by small loans to house holders.
    • Improvise dwellings and complete new ones.
  • United States Housing Agency (USHA)
    • Lend money to states or communities for low-cost construction.
    • For the first time in a century, slums decreased.
social security
Social Security
  • Social Security Act of 1935
  • Provide security for the old aged, blind, handicapped, delinquent children dependents, etc.
  • Payment made to people every so often (a certain amount of money.)
  • People had to be employed to get coverage.
new labor deals arise
New Labor Deals Arise
  • National Labor Relations Act of 1935
    • Asserted the right of labor to engage in self organization, and to bargain collectively through representatives.
  • National Labor Relations Board
    • Created from the National Labor Relations Act.
    • Unskilled workers began to organize into unions
    • John L. Lewis- Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO)
the committee of industrial organization has tasks
The Committee of Industrial Organization has Tasks
  • The Automobile industry
    • Sit down strike: refused to leave the factory building of General Motors in Michigan.
    • Prevented importation of strike breakers.
    • CIO wins.
  • United States Steel Agency
    • Averted a costly strike, granted unionization to CIO organized employees.
fair labor standards act
Fair Labor Standards Act
  • Industries that had been involved in interstate commerce were to set up minimum wage and maximum hour levels.
  • First standard:
    • $0.40 / hour
    • 40 hours / week
    • (later changed and raised)
election of 1936
Election of 1936
  • Landon was picked to try to beat out FDR
  • FDR beat him by a landslide, the first in a while.
  • FDR was doing so great with getting people out of the depression, the people did not want to risk anything.
fdr s plan backfires
FDR’s Plan Backfires
  • FDR’s plan failed and a Recession started
    • Sparked from Social Security.
    • Unemployment sparks again.
    • Congress puts FDR on halt for reforms, and got limited power.
  • Hatch Act of 1939
    • Barred federal administrative officials from political campaigning and soliciting,
    • No government funds were to be used for political use and, or campaign contributions.
people hate the new deal however revolution was avoided
People HATE the New Deal, However Revolution was Avoided
  • In 1938 the New Deal loses its momentum.
  • People begin to hate Roosevelt for the New Deal.
    • Increased debt
    • Class strife provoked
    • “One man super government”
    • Failed to end depression
question one
Question one:

What of the following was NOT the reason why FDR wanted to rid the Gold standard?

  • To rid inflation
  • Allow the Treasury to hold all gold
  • Decrease the price of all items
  • Allow there to be one way to pay, paper money
question one1
Question one:

What of the following was NOT the reason why FDR wanted to rid the Gold standard?

  • To rid inflation
  • Allow the Treasury to hold all gold
  • Decrease the price of all items
  • Allow there to be one way to pay, paper money
question two
Question two:

What did the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) do?

  • Provided employment in government camps for about 3 million uniformed young men.
  • Provided for economic stability.
  • Gave money to the people in the slums.
  • Provided money to states to build houses.
question two1
Question two:

What did the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) do?

  • Provided employment in government camps for about 3 million uniformed young men.
  • Provided for economic stability.
  • Gave money to the people in the slums.
  • Provided money to states to build houses.
question three
Question three:

What was the act that was passed within the first day’s of FDR’s presidency that allowed FDR the power to regulate banking transactions and foreign exchange?

  • Agricultural Adjustment Act
  • Social Security Act
  • Banking Relief Act
  • National Labor Relations Act
question three1
Question three:

What was the act that was passed within the first day’s of FDR’s presidency that allowed FDR the power to regulate banking transactions and foreign exchange?

  • Agricultural Adjustment Act
  • Social Security Act
  • Banking Relief Act
  • National Labor Relations Act
question four
Question four:

The Tennessee Valley Administration did all of the following except:

  • Determined to discover how much the production and distribution of electricity cost so that a “yardstick” could be set up to test the fairness of rates charged.
  • Brought about restoration of eroded soil.
  • Brought about cheap electric.
  • Invented hydro-electric power.
question four1
Question four:

The Tennessee Valley Administration did all of the following except:

  • Determined to discover how much the production and distribution of electricity cost so that a “yardstick” could be set up to test the fairness of rates charged.
  • Brought about restoration of eroded soil.
  • Brought about cheap electric.
  • Invented hydro-electric power.
question five
Question five:

What did the Public Works Administration (PWA) do?

  • Provided for industrial recovery, unemployment relief, and $4 billion had been spent on 34,000 projects.
  • Made farmers not able to farm causing them to basically throw their crops away. Which angered citizens of the USA. Eventually was not aloud to function anymore.
  • Made industries that had been involved in interstate commerce set up minimum wage and maximum hour levels.
  • Made millions of dollars available to help farmers meet their mortgages.
question five1
Question five:

What did the Public Works Administration (PWA) do?

  • Provided for industrial recovery, unemployment relief, and $4 billion had been spent on 34,000 projects.
  • Made farmers not able to farm causing them to basically throw their crops away. Which angered citizens of the USA. Eventually was not aloud to function anymore.
  • Made industries that had been involved in interstate commerce set up minimum wage and maximum hour levels.
  • Made millions of dollars available to help farmers meet their mortgages.
you are now done learning be proud of yourself
You are now done learning, be proud of yourself.

Hopefully you got 5 out of 5! (:

If not, I would re-read this PowerPoint.