Depression. Dr. Aubrey H. Fine. For many years, children and adolescents were thought incapable of experiencing depression. It was considered an adult disease. 1975- National Institute of Mental Health met and discussed depression among children.
Dr. Aubrey H. Fine
For many years, children and adolescents were thought incapable of experiencing depression. It was considered an adult disease.
5 or more of the following symptoms must be present nearly every day during the same 2-week period to diagnose an adolescent with MDD
At least one of the following two symptoms must be present: depressed or irritable mood, or markedly diminished interest or pleasure in almost all activities.
An undetected diagnosis in adolescents is dysthymia- depressed or irritable mood that must be present for a year or longer and never be symptom free for more than 2 months.
Gender is well known to be an important but poorly understood factor influencing the risk of MDD. The prevalence of MDD, while equal between boys and girls prior to puberty, doubles in young women after puberty. This increase in females has been hypothesized to be secondary to hormonal changes occurring during puberty.
Families believe that these programs are helpful. Of the first 20 families enrolled, promising effects were observed 6 months after intervention and a further follow-up report showed sustained effects over 3 years.
The interventions are based on a theoretical model that rests essentially on improving students’ personal resources, leading to an enhanced sense of personal control and self-esteem, improved decision making, increased use of social support resources, and reduced suicidal behavior.