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Nutrition. Presenter: Kevin Pappas Grade 10. Overview. What is nutrition? Calories Food Groups Essential Nutrients Fiber Food Labels What can you do?. What is Nutrition?.

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presenter kevin pappas grade 10
Nutrition

Presenter: Kevin Pappas

Grade 10

overview
Overview
  • What is nutrition?
  • Calories
  • Food Groups
  • Essential Nutrients
  • Fiber
  • Food Labels
  • What can you do?
what is nutrition
What is Nutrition?
  • The process of nourishing or being nourished, especially the process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and for replacement of tissues.
  • Be mindful of what you are eating
  • Why should you care?
nutrition good vs bad
Nutrition: Good vs. Bad
  • Good Nutrition
    • More energy
    • Prevent illness/disease
    • Weight management
  • Bad Nutrition
    • Feeling lethargic
    • Increase chance of illness/disease
    • Poor weight management

BUY HEALTHY FOODS!

calories
ENERGYCalories
  • Unit of measurement for energy
  • We need calories to survive
  • Consume them in food and drink
  • How many do we need?
calories1
Calories
  • About 2000-2500 calories per day
  • Calories can be burned through exercise
  • Our bodies burn calories during rest
  • 3500 calories = 1 pound of body fat
food groups
Food Groups
  • Grains
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Meat
  • Dairy
  • Fats
six essential nutrients
We need these to live!Six Essential Nutrients
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats
  • Proteins
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Water
carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
  • Carbohydrates turn into glucose
  • Glucose is used for energy
  • 45%-65% of diet
  • 1 gram=4 calories
  • 2 types:
    • Simple Carbohydrate - sugars
    • Complex Carbohydrate – starch, fiber, grains
slide11
Fats
  • 20%-35% of diet
  • 1 gram=9 calories
  • Unhealthy Fats
    • Trans Fat, Saturated Fats, Cholesterol
  • Healthy Fats
    • Polyunsaturated Fats, Monounsaturated Fats
protein
Protein
  • Found in every cell, organ, and tissue
  • Gets broken down
  • Protein we consume serve as replacements
  • Made of amino acids
  • 10%-35% of diet
  • 1 gram=4 calories
vitamins minerals
Vitamins & Minerals

Organic Materials

  • Vitamins
  • Many kinds:
    • Vitamin A, B6, B12, D, E, K
  • Minerals
  • Many kinds:
    • Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium
  • Eat a balanced diet to fulfill daily requirements

Inorganic Materials

water
Water
  • Body is made up of 60% water
  • Drink 64 oz per day
  • Water:
    • Maintains body temperature
    • Maintains joint function
    • Flushes wastes
fiber
Fiber
  • Found in fruits, vegetables, grains, oats, nuts
  • Improves digestive health
  • Two types:
    • Soluble Fiber
    • Insoluble Fiber
  • Consume 25-30 grams per day

EAT YOUR FIBER!

food labels
Food Labels
  • Important to be able to read
  • Often read incorrectly
  • Focus on serving size and servings
  • %DV=Percentage of Daily Value
food labels1
Food Labels
  • How many calories in whole bag?
    • 620 calories
  • How many grams of protein in 2 oz?
    • 4 grams

Read Carefully

what can you do
You are what you eat!What Can YOU Do?
  • Tips for a healthier diet:
    • Increase fruit and vegetable intake
    • Stay away from saturated and trans fat
    • Drink low-fat milk
    • Switch to 100% whole grain/whole wheat bread
    • Drink 100% juice
    • Avoid soda and energy drinks
    • Track your diet:
      • http://www.fitday.com/
resources
Resources
  • "Nutrition for Everyone: Basics | DNPAO | CDC." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. 06 Mar. 2011. .
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