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Roaring 20s. Warm-Up: Grab Notes Packet and Assignment Page from front cart. Complete top part page 1. Schedule Warm-Up PowerPoint Closure: What were the main goals of the Republican administrators of the 1920s? Assignment Packet page 1 due Monday

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warm up grab notes packet and assignment page from front cart complete top part page 1
Warm-Up: Grab Notes Packet and Assignment Page from front cart. Complete top part page 1.
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • PowerPoint
    • Closure: What were the main goals of the Republican administrators of the 1920s?
  • Assignment Packet page 1 due Monday
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
a republican decade
A Republican Decade
  • Strikes, arrests, revolution overseas—such events frightened Americans in the 1920s and they turned to Republican Party for stability and economic prosperity
slide4

What is happening in this picture?

What concept is this political cartoon illustrating?

the harding presidency 1920 1923
The Harding Presidency 1920-1923
  • 1920 election, Republican Warren G. Harding promised “return to normalcy”
  • 1920 won presidency until death in 1923
    • Foreign policy reflect America’s desire for isolationism—policy of avoiding political or economic alliances with foreign countries
      • No attempt to join League of Nations
    • Yet President support efforts to prevent future wars
      • Disarmament—nations voluntarily give up their weapons
slide6

Economically, he favored:

    • Lower taxes
    • Less control over businesses
    • Support high tariffs (taxes) on foreign, competitor goods to make them more expensive  protect US businesses/workers
slide7

Culturally, as America became more isolationist, they also became more nativist—movement favoring native-born Americans over immigrants

    • Nativist Reasons = Anti-Immigrant
      • Never loyal
      • Blamed for urban city problems—slums & corruption
      • Fear for loss of jobs
      • Pass on anarchist (violent overthrow of government) + communist (opponent of democracy + capitalism) ideals
end of president harding literally
End of President Harding…Literally
  • Start of 1923, economy bouncing back + strong popularity for president
  • Mid 1923  corruption scandals in Harding’s cabinet
  • Biggest scandal  Teapot Dome Scandal
    • Harding’s Secretary of Interior Albert Fall bribed by oil executives to sell government land in Teapot Dome, Wyoming—oil
    • Albert Fall became 1st cabinet member imprisoned for crime while in office
  • Harding died in 1923 during the scandal in office
the coolidge presidency 1923 1928
The Coolidge Presidency 1923-1928
  • Vice President Calvin Coolidge became president and cleaned up scandals
  • Elected president 1924-1928
  • Major View  “The Business of the American people is business”
    • Laissez-Faire  limited to no government interference in business
election of 1928
Election of 1928
  • When Coolidge decided not to run for a 2nd term, Republicans nominated Herbert Hoover
  • Hoover promised more pro-business, isolationism & small government = victory
warm up examine picture on page 4 and answer questions on page 5
Warm-Up: Examine picture on page 4 and answer questions on page 5.
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • PowerPoint
    • Henry Ford Reading
    • Booming Economy Poster
    • Closure: How would the 1920s, economically, be characterized?
  • Assignment Packet page 1 due Monday
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
a business boom mixed success
A Business Boom...Mixed Success
  • 1920s gave birth to much of modern America
    • Shopping centers, fast-food, advertising, mass media, cars, radios, movies
causes of economic growth
Causes of Economic Growth
  • Consumer Economy—depends on a large amount of buying (consuming) by people who use products
  • New & Improved products  Model-T cars, refrigerators, radios, vacuums, ovens, telephones
  • Income tax cuts (% taken out of paycheck for government) left people with more $$$
  • Higher wages gave people more money to spend on movies, radio, sporting events
  • Until 1920s, Americans generally paid cash for things they bought
    • Borrowing = unthrifty + immoral
slide14

1920s saw new ways to purchase goods as demand for them grew

    • Credit—a way to delay paying for a purchase (pay once you hit a certain amount)
    • Installment Buying—system allows customer to make partial payments (installments) over a few months
  • Installment + Credit plans encouraged people to buy things who otherwise would not  even though they had to pay high interest rates
transportation industry
Transportation Industry
  • 1920s  airline industry  Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart’s transatlantic flights promote idea of commercial air travel
slide16

Growth of automotive industry  Henry Ford

  • Goal  produce cars at prices ordinary people could afford
  • Need to speed up production (increase supply) and lower costs
  • Originally, workers would build entire product themselves  guns
    • Assembly Line  materials move along conveyor belt while workers stay in one place  workers are responsible for one job (install windshield)
  • 1908-1927, Ford Motor Company sold over 15 million Model-T cars  billionaire
economic troubles
Economic Troubles
  • Economy appeared to be healthy but looks can be deceiving…uneven prosperity
    • Huge gap between rich and poor  50% in poverty
    • Many Americans did not prosper
      • Farmers  over production
      • Minorities—African Americans
warm up complete questions 1 4 on page 11 in notes packet
Warm-Up: Complete questions 1-4 on page 11 in Notes Packet
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • PowerPoint
    • Media Analysis
    • Prohibition Analysis
    • Closure: Jazz Age organizer
  • Assignment Packet pg. 2 + Quiz Thursday
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
new roles for women
New Roles for Women
  • During 1920s, women had more freedom than ever before  drove cars, sports, college, teachers, nurses, social workers
  • Some women in 1920s called themselves flappers – young, rebellious fun-loving, bold
    • Stood for a longing to break with the past
      • Fashion  Shorter dresses, short hair, make-up
      • Manners  Smoked + drank in public
  • 19th Amendment gave women right to vote
  • 1920s women developed a new attitude toward marriage = partnership (men agreed)
mass media
Mass Media
  • Before 1920s, the majority of Americans did not travel much and was divided culturally
  • Mass Media  communications that reach a large audience
    • Film, Radio, Advertising  peaceful propaganda
  • Created a national culture (things that people had in common across the country)
    • songs, dances, fashion, slang, sports, news
advertising analysis
Advertising Analysis

For each advertisement explain the following:

  • Selling strategy
  • Overt messages
  • Underlying messages
lost generation
Lost Generation
  • For some, the decade after WWI was not a time for celebration  deep despair + resentment = Lost Generation
    • Lost in a greedy, materialistic world
  • F Scott Fitzgerald  The Great Gatsby
    • Focus on wealthy, sophisticated Americans during Jazz Age
    • Rich  self-centered and shallow
jazz age
Jazz Age
  • 1920s—Jazz Age—was a time celebrating new and modern things
    • Jazz music—mix of African rhythms, ragtime, blues  free spirit of the times
    • Rebelled against values which led to WWI
    • Harlem
      • Duke Ellington + Louis Armstrong musicians
issues of religion
Issues of Religion
  • Religious movement called fundamentalism gained followers and political power
    • Fundamentalists took the bible literally (everything was true)
    • Argued that public schools shouldn’t teach evolution—theory that living things developed over millions of years from simpler life forms
    • Felt it contradicted the Bible  pass laws made evolution teachings illegal
  • 1925, John Scopes broke law & found guilty
  • Guilty verdict over-turned by state Supreme Court
  • **Clash between modern beliefs vs. traditional values
prohibition
Prohibition
  • 18th Amendment—ban alcohol
  • Most Americans disregard law
    • Bootleggers  suppliers + smugglers of illegal alcohol
    • Speakeasies illegal bars
    • Rise of organized crime  Al Capone
warm up open notes packet to pages 25 26
Warm-Up: Open Notes Packet to pages 25-26
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • Review Questions completion
    • Class Review
    • Closure: How did the US change politically, economically, culturally and socially during 1920s?
  • Assignment Packet pg. 2 + Quiz Thursday
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
warm up open notes packet to page 16 and grab handout from desk
Warm-Up: Open Notes Packet to page 16 and grab handout from desk.
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • Word-Web creation & review
    • Closure: How did the US change during the 1920s?
  • Assignment Packet pg. 2 + Quiz Thursday
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
warm up test taking procedures
Warm-Up: Test-taking procedures
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • Roaring 20s Quiz
    • When finished, complete assignment page 3
    • Closure: How did the US change during the 1920s?
  • Assignment Packet pg. 3
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
warm up go to page 19 and complete top half of page
Warm-Up: Go to page 19 and complete top half of page
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • PowerPoint  Racial Tensions & Harlem Renaissance
    • Job Application
    • Closure: How did the Harlem Renaissance revive black culture?
  • Study for Test 2/7
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
the harlem renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance
  • 1920s brought changes to the lives of many African Americans
  • Great Migration  North and Western cities for economic and social opportunities
confronting racism
Confronting Racism
  • As blacks moved out of the South the KKK eventually moved with them
  • By 1924, the KKK claimed about 5 million members
    • ‘America for Americans’
  • KKK carried out many crimes against African-Americans, Catholics, Jews & immigrants
  • Increasing violence against African Americans rallied the efforts of the NAACP
    • Worked in vain to pass anti-lynching laws + protect voting rights
slide38

Many African-Americans were losing faith in the US  dreamed of a place where they could live in peace

  • Marcus Garvey  Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)  sought to build up blacks’ self-respect + economic power
    • Garvey urged ‘Back to Africa’ solution since equality seemed hopeless
      • Failed
rise of harlem
Rise of Harlem
  • Late 1800s  wealthy white community
  • Build up too much and buildings remained vacant  real estate prices fall
    • Black businessmen started buying cheap buildings and selling them to African Americans
  • By 1920, New York, Harlem, became the unofficial capital of black America
  • Soon Harlem produced cultural activity called Harlem Renaissance
    • Symbolized rebirth of hope and culture for African Americans
    • Writers, singers, painters, sculptors, scholars move to Harlem
warm up grab dbq from front cart
Warm-Up: Grab DBQ from front cart.
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • Roaring 20s DBQ  graphic organizer/outline
    • Roaring 20s DBQ  essay completion
    • Closure: How did America change during 1920s?
  • Look up outside information (3 pieces)
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
warm up grab review packet and find prescribed group
Warm-Up: Grab review packet and find prescribed group
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • Roaring 20s review packet completion
    • Roaring 20s review packet discussed
    • Closure: How did America change during 1920s?
  • Test tomorrow
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?
warm up grab scantron from front cart and hand in review packet if completed
Warm-Up: Grab scantron from front cart and hand in review packet if completed
  • Schedule
    • Warm-Up
    • Roaring 20s assessment
    • Closure: How did America change during 1920s?
  • NONE
  • Key Question: How did America change during 1920s?