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Roaring 20s. Affluence and anxiety during the Jazz Age. New Technology. Automobile Vacuum cleaner Radio Air planes for non-military use Aerosol spray Antibiotics Frozen Food Hearing aides Liquid fuel rockets Quartz time keeping Talking pictures (movies w/ sound). Shipwreck Kelly.

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roaring 20s

Roaring 20s

Affluence and anxiety during the Jazz Age

new technology
New Technology
  • Automobile
  • Vacuum cleaner
  • Radio
  • Air planes for non-military use
  • Aerosol spray
  • Antibiotics
  • Frozen Food
  • Hearing aides
  • Liquid fuel rockets
  • Quartz time keeping
  • Talking pictures (movies w/ sound)
new fads

Shipwreck Kelly

New Fads
  • Flag pole sitting
  • Counting Babe Ruth’s homeruns
  • Dance marathons
  • Crossword puzzles
  • Watching the stock ticker
new music dance
New Music & Dance
  • Jazz music
  • The Charleston
advertising a billion industry
Advertising: A billion $ industry
  • Bromodosis (foot odor)
  • Homotosis (lack of nice furniture)
  • Acidosis (upset stomach)
  • Coalitosis (use of coal instead of oil heat)
  • Ashtray breadth
new female images roles
New female images/roles

Josephine Baker

Vogue

Clara Bow

Flappers

new problems
New problems
  • Traffic jams
  • Organized crime
new vocabulary
New Vocabulary
  • Bee’s Knees
  • Big cheese
  • Blind date
  • Cake-eater
  • Carry a torch
  • Cheaters
  • Crush
  • Drug store cowboy
  • Fall guy
  • Flat tire
  • Frame
  • Gold digger
  • Jake
  • Kiddo
  • Kisser
  • Main drag
  • Run-around
  • Lounge lizard
  • Pet
  • Scram
  • Smeller
  • Stuck-on
  • Speakeasy
  • Swell
new heroes
New Heroes
  • Charles Lindbergh
  • Miss America
  • Babe Ruth
  • Jack Dempsey
  • Rudolph Valentino
new racial pride
New Racial Pride

Langston Hughes

  • Marcus Garvey
  • Harlem Renaissance

Marcus Garvey

Zora Neal Hurston

anxiety amid affluence
Anxiety amid affluence
  • Urban v. rural conflict
  • Old v. young
  • Traditional v. modern
  • Native born v. immigrant

C. Lindbergh

Grant Wood

F. Scott Fitzgerald/Zelda

Sacco & Vanzetti

prohibition 1919 1933
Prohibition 1919-1933
  • The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol (i.e. the beginning of Prohibition). It was ratified on January 16, 1919 and repealed by the 21st Amendment in 1933.
  • Volstead Act provided for the enforcement of prohibition.
slide17
Art

Art Deco and regionalism

literature the lost generation
Literature: The Lost Generation
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Sinclair Lewis
  • H. L. Menken
  • Ernest Hemingway
presidents
Presidents
  • Warren G. Harding (1921-1924)
  • Calvin Coolidge (1924-1929)
  • Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)
  • Republicans
  • Pro-business
  • Not activist presidents
teapot dome scandal
Teapot Dome Scandal
  • In 1921, by executive order of President Harding, control of U.S. Navy petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome in Wyoming were transferred from the U.S. Navy Department to the Department of the Interior.
  • The petroleum reserves had been set aside for the Navy by Taft.
  • In 1922, Albert B. Fall, Secretary of the Interior, leased, without competitive bidding, the Teapot Dome fields to associates.
  • In 1922 and 1923, these transactions became the subject of a sensational Senate investigation.
silent cal
Silent Cal
  • 30th President of the U.S.
  • Elected in his own right in 1924, he gained a reputation as a small-government conservative, and also as a man who said very little.

"The business of America is business. The man who builds a factory, builds a temple.  The man who works there worships there.” –Coolidge, 1925

boston police strike 1919
Boston Police Strike 1919
  • “There is no right to strike against the public safety by anyone, anywhere, any time.”Telegram from Governor Calvin Coolidge to Samuel Gompers September 14, 1919.

Governor Calvin Coolidge inspects the militia during the Boston Police Strike

cash register chorus
Cash Register Chorus
  • Business croons its appreciation of Coolidge Prosperity.
indians as dual citizens
Indians as dual citizens
  • “Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all non citizen Indians born within the territorial limits of the United States be, and they are hereby, declared to be citizens of the United States: Provided, That the granting of such citizenship shall not in any manner impair or otherwise affect the right of any Indian to tribal or other property.”
herbert hoover
Herbert Hoover
  • Hoover was a professional mining engineer and author.
  • As the United States Secretary of Commerce in the 1920s under Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge, he promoted partnerships between government and business under the rubric "economic modernization".
  • Defeated NY Democrat Al Smith to win the

presidency in 1928.