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Thailand NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAM INFRASTRUCTURE AND STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION : Regulatory Body Prof. Dr. Chaivat TOSKULKAO Secretary General Office of Atoms For Peace. International Atomic Energy Agency TM/ WS on Topical Issues on Infrastructure Development:

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ThailandNUCLEAR POWER PROGRAM INFRASTRUCTUREAND STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION: Regulatory BodyProf. Dr. Chaivat TOSKULKAOSecretary General Office of Atoms For Peace

International Atomic Energy Agency

TM/WS on Topical Issues on Infrastructure Development:

Managing the Development of a National Infrastructure for Nuclear Power

9-12 February 2010, Vienna, Austria


The Regulatory work to “support” the Nuclear Power Project in Thailand:

1) Revising Atomic Energy for Peace Act

2) Strengthening staff capability

3) Public awareness

the infrastructure of nuclear regulatory body in thailand
The Infrastructure of Nuclear Regulatory Body in Thailand

Thai Atomic Energy Commission


Ministry of Science & Technology


14 Sub-Committees

(Reactor Safety Subcom.)

Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP)

(Secretariat of Thai-AEC)

main responsibilities of oap
Main Responsibilities of OAP

Establish rules, regulations and measure for the control and regulation of the use of nuclear energy and waste management.

To control and regulate the safety of radiation and nuclear facilities.

Control functions (inspections) in general are performed through competent officials appointed by the Minister who takes charge and control of the execution of the Act.

Cooperate for nuclear affairs and foreign relations.

present framework to support npp
Present Framework to Support NPP

Prime Minister

Thai AEC

(NPP Regulator)

National Energy Policy Committee

Ministry of Science and Technology

Ministry of Energy

Energy Policy and Planning Office

Office of Atoms for Peace

Nuclear Power Infrastructure Establishment Coordination Committee

Reactor Safety Sub Committee

Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology

(Research Reactor)

Nuclear Power Program Development Office

Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (NPP Operator)

goal to catch up milestone 1 npp regulator oap
Goal to catch up milestone 1(NPP Regulator/OAP)

Build up safety culture at each level within organization.

Define competence needed to carry out regulatory activities.

Provide training for regulatory staff (in-house, abroad and O-J-T) as necessary including studying abroad.

Develop HRD plan to cover all areas throughout the lifetime of the NPP.

legislation and regulatory framework
Legislation and Regulatory Framework
  • Effectively independent regulatory body is established, in addition, “OAP” is regarded as SSAC
  • Drafting new nuclear law: Atomic Energy for Peace Act#3
    • To set up new set of nuclear law, regulations, rules, standards and guidelines to comply with international good practice
  • Existing law:
    • Amendment to cover some issues: authorization process, liability, security and conventions
    • Drafting safety requirements, criteria and guidelines for each authorization stage
    • Cooperation with DOE in implementation of Additional Protocol
draft of atomic energy for peace act 3
Draft of Atomic Energy for Peace Act #3
  • New definition for technical term: radiation/radioactive and nuclear materials etc.
  • Exemption limit
  • Composition of Thai Atomic Energy Commission and clarification of the responsibility of the commission (not to set policy on nuclear energy to produce electricity)
  • Delegation of authorization power to OAP (but not RRx. or NPP)
  • Enforcement


AEPA #1 in 1961

#2 in 1965

draft of atomic energy for peace act 3 cont d
Draft of Atomic Energy for Peace Act # 3 (cont’d)
  • Licensing process: -- - --cover all permitting process
    • Site permit, construction permit, commissioning permit and decommissioning permit
    • License fee
  • Empower the Board:
    • Nuclear reactor
    • Source material, special nuclear material, radiation sources/generator
    • Nuclear waste management
    • Set up national plan for nuclear/radiation emergency preparedness and response


AEPA #1 in 1961; #2 in 1965

draft of atomic energy for peace act 3 cont d1
Draft of Atomic Energy for Peace Act # 3 (cont’d)

Introduce concept in

  • Nuclear safety and security
  • Action against terrorism and unauthorized used of radioactive/nuclear materials
  • Safeguards
  • Compensation for nuclear damage (insurance and set up fund for compensation)


AEPA # 1 in 1961

# 2 in 1965

safety criteria
Safety criteria

Set up the Rule and Criteria for NPP regulation:

  • Evaluate the Safety

Analysis Report

  • Site evaluation
  • Nuclear safety
  • Radiation Protection
  • Safeguards control
  • Emergency preparedness


  • EIA (specific for radiation


  • Nuclear fuel cycle
  • Spent fuel and waste management
  • Safety management system in NPP
  • Decommissioning plan
  • Safe operation and control
  • Training course for operator and operator license etc.
human resources development of rb
Human Resources Development of RB
  • Short term development:
    • competence analysis and implementation of SAT
    • In house training
    • Training under IAEA/ANSN/TA/co-operation
  • Long term development:
    • Scholarship/Fellowship to study abroad
    • On the job training
implementation of sat
Implementation of SAT



In house training:

Site evaluation and licensing process (phase II)

Quality management (phase II)

Basic professional training course

Development of safety assessment tool and system for research reactor

In house training:

  • Regulatory control
  • Law and regulation
  • Safety assessment
  • Site evaluation and licensing process (phase I)
  • Ageing determination and management
  • Quality management for regulatory body

Studying abroad:

- Nuclear Safety Schools (Korea, etc.)

  • Regulatory document and framework are being “revised” which include

Authorization process

Review process

Inspection and enforcement

Development of regulations and guidelines

2. Plan for increasing staff capability is partially implemented.

3. Public concern must be taking into account and clear information must be provide consistently.

4. Assistance are needed in various fields for first establishment of NPP.

5. Education and Industrial framework related to NPP technology need to be improved.

Thank you
  • for your attention

Office of Atoms For Peace (OAP)

Bureauof Nuclear Safety


Office of the Secretariat

Bureau of Radiation Safety


Technical Administrative Group

Bureau of Atomic Energy


Information Technology Center

Bureau of Technical Support

for Safety Regulation


HR Development of RB in 2010 - 2020:

80 - 100 persons/NPP 1000 MW (IAEA)

  • International Law (Nuclear Law) 8 persons
  • Nuclear Engineer 30 persons
  • Civil Engineer 6 persons
  • Electrical Engineer 8 persons
  • Mechanical Engineer 6 persons
  • Industrial Engineer 6 persons
  • Environmental Engineer 6 persons
  • Chemist/Physicist/Geologist/
  • Scientist 14 persons
  • ……………………………………………………………
  • Administrative person
National Strategy and Strategic Plans for the Development of Infrastructure for Nuclear Power

NPIEP Milestones for Nuclear Power Program Implementation

NPI : Nuclear Power Infrastructure

NPIEP : NPI Establishment Plan

NPPDO : Nuclear Power Program Development Office

NPP : Nuclear Power Plan

NRB : Nuclear Regulatory Body

24 September 2007

2nd Milestone

Call for Bids

(Financial Commitments)

1st Milestone

Policy Decision (Knowledgeable Commitment)

3rd Milestone

Start Operation

(Commissioning 1st NPP)

Milestone 0.2

(To prepare for policy decision)

Milestone 0.1

(Nuclear power option included in PDP 2007)


Policy Decision

  • Phase 1 :
  • Pre-project Activity Phase
  • - approve NPIPC
  • - set up NPPDO
  • infrastructure work
  • started
  • survey of potential
  • sites
  • feasibility study
  • completed
  • - public information &
  • participation
  • Phase 2 :
  • Program Implementation Phase
  • implement NPIEP
  • Milestones
  • - full NRB established
  • legislation & international
  • protocols enacted
  • suitable sites for bid
  • selected
  • technology /qualified
  • suppliers selected
  • Phase 3 :
  • Construction Phase
  • - NPIEP fully implemented
  • biding process
  • completed
  • - design & engineering
  • - manufacturing
  • construction &
  • installation
  • - test runs & inspection
  • NPP commissioning
  • license
  • Phase 0.1:
  • Preliminary
  • Phase
  • NPIPC & 5 SCs
  • appointed
  • Issues &
  • Milestones
  • considered
  • - NPIEP prepared
  • Phase 4 :Operation Phase
  • - commercial operation
  • - O & M
  • planning for
  • expansion
  • industrial and
  • technology
  • development plan

3 Years

6 Years

3 Years

1 Year

2011 -2013


2008 -2010