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  1. TITLE PAGE: TOPIC/TITLE YOUR NAME TEACHER’S NAME CLASS DATE (19 January 2010) day month year

  2. Mrs. Robson Mrs. Robson Humanities 1019 January 2010 Texting and Driving

  3. Introduction: STEP 1 Hook: a sentence that captures your reader’s attention. Good hooks: Startling fact/statistic Generalization that connects to audience (nearly everyone has a cell phone and spends time in a car…) Anecdote – (a really short story) Quote from a famous person PERSUASIVE TECHNIQUE USED

  4. Introduction: STEP 1 HOOK Genia Miller had to identify the body of her 14 year old daughter by her jewelry after a horrific crash caused by texting while driving made her daughter’s face unrecognizable (Welch 2). PATHOS and LOGOS

  5. Introduction: STEP 2 Tell us what we need to know to understand your topic – background information, etc..

  6. Introduction: STEP 2 NECISSARY BACKGROUND INFORMATION Texting (using a cell phone to type messages) while driving has become an increasingly destructive epidemic that claims the lives of hundreds of people each year.

  7. Last sentence in intro: STEP 3 THESIS STATEMENT Your TOPIC+OPINION that this paper will seek to prove as the right opinion to have. You must do this without the word “I”. Make this as specific as possible.

  8. Last sentence in intro: STEP 3 THESIS STATEMENT Texting while driving should be illegal and fatalities that occur as a result should be classified as murder.

  9. BODY PARAGRAPH 1: STEP 1 Reason #1 Start with a transition word or phrase State the first reason why your opinion is the right opinion.

  10. BODY PARAGRAPH 1: STEP 1 Reason #1 First off, the majority of people who text while driving are teenagers who lack driving experience and are already at increased risk of having or causing accidents.

  11. BODY PARAGRAPH 1:STEP 2 Supporting Evidence #1 If appropriate, begin with the transitions “according to” or “for example.” Provide at least one statement from your research that supports your first reason. Do not forget to cite your sources (Anderson 2) Author’s last name page number

  12. BODY PARAGRAPH 1: STEP 2 Supporting Evidence #1 According to the Council for National Highway Safety, nearly 50% of teenagers have an accident within their first year of driving (Welch 1). ETHOS and LOGOS

  13. BODY PARAGRAPH 1: STEP 3 • Connect Evidence back to thesis • State how your evidence proves your thesis statement.

  14. BODY PARAGRAPH 1: STEP 3 • Connect Evidence back to thesis • Since teens are already more likely to be involved in accidents, texting is an added distraction they cannot afford.

  15. BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 1 Reason #2 Start with a transition word State the second reason why your opinion is the right opinion.

  16. BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 1 Reason #2 Another reasonwhy texting and driving should be made illegal and fatalities treated as murders is because there is simply no reason for it. It is as negligent as drinking and driving or not using a car seat for an infant. LOGOS

  17. BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 2 Supporting Evidence #2 If appropriate, begin with the transitions “according to” or “for example.” Provide at least one statement from your research that supports your second reason. Do not forget to cite your sources (Anderson 2) Author’s last name page number

  18. BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 2 Supporting Evidence #2 For example, “the majority of cell phones come equipped with a speaker function which allows hands-free communication” (Welch 2). In addition, if motorists simply pulled over to use the text function of their phones, countless lives could be saved (Welch 3). LOGOS

  19. BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 3 • Connect Evidence back to thesis • State how your evidence proves your thesis statement.

  20. BODY PARAGRAPH 2: STEP 3 • Connect Evidence back to thesis • Therefore, there is no reason to text while driving. A phone call can be placed using a hands-free function, or people could simply pull over if communication by text is necessary.

  21. TRANSITION FROM ARGUMENT TO COUNTERARGUMENT Write a sentence that transitions your reader from your argument to the counter arguments of the other side. Example: Although the evidence against the practice of driving and texting is overwhelming, many still do not believe it is a problem.

  22. TRANSITION FROM ARGUMENT TO COUNTERARGUMENT Although the evidence against the practice of driving and texting is overwhelming, many still do not believe it is a problem.

  23. BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 1: STEP 1 Counterargument #1 Start with a transition word State the first reason why others do not agree with you. Do not forget to cite your sources (Anderson 2)

  24. BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 1: STEP 1 Counterargument #1 One reason for their opposition is that they believe they are practiced enough at both texting and driving that it is not a distraction. ETHOS

  25. BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 1: STEP 2 Response to counterargument #1 Start with a transition word Respond to the other side’s argument. Do not forget to cite your sources (Anderson 2)

  26. BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 1: STEP 2 Response to counterargument #1 However, a new study by the University of Utah, found that “drivers who text while driving are 78% less aware of the traffic around them than non-texting drivers” (Driving Trends 1). LOGOS

  27. BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 2: STEP 1 Counterargument #2 Start with a transition word State the first reason why others do not agree with you. Do not forget to cite your sources (Anderson 2)

  28. BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 2: STEP 1 Counterargument #2 Also, people who do not believe texting while driving is a problem claim “preventing people from communicating is a violation of personal rights and privacy” (Welch 1). ETHOS

  29. BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 2: STEP 2 Response to counterargument #2 Start with a transition word Respond to the other side’s argument. Do not forget to cite your sources (Anderson 2)

  30. BODY/COUNTERARGUMENT 2: STEP 2 Response to counterargument #2 However, if enjoying one’s rights endangers others, isn’t it immoral and shouldn’t it be illegal? That is certainly the case with drinking or drug use and driving. LOGOS and PATHOS

  31. CONCLUSION: STEP 1 Restate your thesis in DIFFERENT WORDS

  32. CONCLUSION: STEP 1 RESTATE THESIS Therefore, murder should be the charge for fatalities caused by texting and driving and it should absolutely be made illegal.

  33. CONCLUSION: STEP 2 SUMMARY OF MAIN POINTS Briefly summarize your main points (state REASON #1 and REASON #2).

  34. CONCLUSION: STEP 2 SUMMARY OF MAIN POINTS The people who usually text and drive can least afford to. They are teenagers with limited driving experience, and there is simply no need to do it - a hands free phone call would accomplish the same goal, or people could simply pull over.

  35. CONCLUSION: STEP 3 CLINCHER The last thing you say will be the most remembered. End with a statement that leaves the reader convinced. Stories or examples (personal or not) that illustrate the importance of your topic. Shocking fact, statement, or situation Rhetorical question Quote Request for action

  36. CONCLUSION: STEP 3 CLINCHER With all our advancements in technology, what kind of sense does it make that we use it to kill ourselves and others just to send someone a few letters from a keypad? This is something that needs to stop now, before someone else loses his or her life. LOGOS, PATHOS and KAIROS

  37. WORKS CITED PAGE(You must have at least 2 sources!)ABC ORDER! INDENT ALL BUT FIRST LINE! Author name (if known). Title of article.Title of the Book/Periodical. City of Publication: Year. Title of the Database. Web. Date of access (day, month and year). Example Esposito, John L. Capital Punishment.The Islamic World: Past and Present Oxford:, 2004. SIRS Researcher. Web. 19 March 2009. These will be the same for all your sources.

  38. WORKS CITED PAGEABC ORDER! INDENT ALL BUT FIRST LINE! Driving Trends of Adolescents in America. USA Today. November 26, 2009. SIRS Researcher. Web. 19 January 2010. Welch, William M. Debate Over Cell Phones and Driving.National Trends. October, 2008. SIRS Researcher. Web. 19 January 2010.

  39. Methods of Persuasion • Now go back into each of your slides and identify the persuasive techniques you used? • (MINIMUM: 2 different techniques, 5 TOTAL LABELS) • Ethos • Pathos • Kairos • Logos

  40. WHEN YOU ARE DONE… *Make sure your PPT is saved as a “PowerPoint 97_2003 Presentation *Then, save your file as (Jack Brown’s Persuasive Presentation) to the H:DRIVE (starts with your student #) *VERY IMPORTANT Also post the final version to the WIKI on the page for your class (Mrs. Hawthorne MOD 1, etc.). http://dlhawthor.upsd.wikispaces.net/

  41. Transition Words/Phrases To show time: While, first, meanwhile, second, next, third, finally To compare two things: Likewise, also, while in the same way, similarly To contrast two things: However, but still, although, on the other hand, yet, otherwise, even though To emphasize a point: For example, according to, for instance, again, truly, especially, for this reason, to repeat, in fact, to emphasize To conclude or summarize: Finally, as a result, to sum up, in conclusion, lastly, therefore, all in all To add information: Again, another, for instance, for example, also, and, moreover, additionally, as well, besides, along with other, next, finally, in addition, moreover To clarify: That is, in other words, which means