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What are two reasons why labour was a problem? Serious shortage Labour costs had increased Depend on foreign labour. What are two reasons why there was competition? Countries like Malaysia and Indonesia had a large population so they did not have a shortage of labour

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
What are two reasons why labour was a problem?

Serious shortage

Labour costs had increased

Depend on foreign labour

slide2
What are two reasons why there was competition?

Countries like Malaysia and Indonesia had a large population so they did not have a shortage of labour

Labour costs were cheaper

Countries like Taiwan and Hong Kong produced better quality goods

slide3
In a sentence, define industrial restructuring.

The shift from labour-intensive, low technology industries to capital intensive, high technology industries to produce high value-added goods.

How does wage increase help in industrial restructuring?

When wages are increased,the pressure to use machines and to manage labour efficiently would be stronger

slide4
What problem did productivity campaigns aim to resolve?

Workers to take pride in their work and be more productive so that better quality goods were produced and services were carried out efficiently

slide5
What are three examples of changes in education made? What was the purpose of the changes?

In 1979, National University of Singapore increased its intake of engineering students

Polytechnics expanded their intake greatly

Fund to upgrade workers’ skills

Purpose : So that Singapore labour force would be highly skilled and workers could be retrained so as to stay employed

slide6
What are three ways R&D was encouraged?

Science Park was developed to house various R&D firms and various government research institutes

Manufacturing firms involved in R&D were given tax incentives

Close cooperation between universities and industries

slide7
What are industrial parks? What purpose do they serve?

Refers to newer planned industrial areas which consist of industrial, commercial and office facilities.

So that these firms in the parks will be able to carry out R&D, manufacturing, selling and distribution of manufactured goods all in the same park. This is to promote efficiency and lower cost.

slide8
What are wafer fabrication parks?

Industrial areas for factories that manufacture highly sophisticated parts for computers and other electronic equipment.

What are three examples ofimprovement in support services? What purpose did they serve?

Changi Airport

Big air cargo

MRT

Purpose : to support the manufacturing industries to help Singapore become a business centre in SEA

slide9
Why is it called ‘brain services’?

Because they require a large number of highly-educated and creative employees.

slide10
Why may Singapore government be called ‘practical, efficient and far-sighted’?

Practical – encouraged foreign participation in its early years of independence.

Efficient – successfully implemented many policies

Far-sighted – it has been able to foresee new problems and to draw up plans to solve them