Chapter 10: A Democratic Revolution: 1800—1844. How did debates over federal power, states rights, and the authority of different branches of the federal government change the nation ’ s democratic ideals and reform its institutions?
President Andrew Jackson
What are the characteristics of this revolution?
How are things changing?
What are the effects of this revolution on the U.S.
The Inaugural Brawl!
“Concurrent Majority” – a federal law that is harmful to states can be declared null and void via a convention of the people.
Jackson’s Response – Threatened military force and “Force Bill”“The Nullies” v Jackson
What steps were taken to avoid a military conflict?
Georgia declared the Cherokee Assembly illegal (SC ruled in favor of Indians)
– state has no authority in tribal legislation
Worcester v Georgia –state has no authority in tribal legislation
“John Marshall had made his decision, now let him enforce it.”
How does this quote from Jackson show his increasing strength as President?Jackson and The Native Americans
States, not federal government, had power to enter into contracts regarding infrastructure, transportation.
Maysville Road Veto - I am not able to view [the Maysville Road Bill] in any other light than as a measure of purely local character.... It has no connection with any established system of improvements; [and] is exclusively within the limits of a State [Kentucky]....Jacksonians on States’ Rights
1830 Maysville Roadproject in KY [state of his political rival, Henry Clay]
Functions – print stable currency, keep federal money, control gold and silver, source of credit
1832 – Clay and Webster wanted to use the renewal of the charter to embarrass the President – if he passed the charter he would anger his followers, if he vetoed it the wealthy would be upset.
How did the veto increase the power of President?“The Hydra of Corruption” – The Bank Wars
The Panic of 1837!