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Fundamentals in the Sentence Writing Strategy. Cloze Note Cue Cards for students The University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning. The Subject The_____, _____, _____, _______, or _____ that the sentence is about. Examples Jenna went for a walk. (________)

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fundamentals in the sentence writing strategy

Fundamentals inthe Sentence Writing Strategy

Cloze Note Cue Cards

for students

The University of Kansas

Center for Research on Learning

slide2

The Subject

  • The_____, _____, _____, _______, or _____ that the sentence is about.
  • Examples
    • Jenna went for a walk. (________)
    • The store was closed. (_______)
    • Balloons rose into the sky. (______)
    • Silence filled the streets. (______)
    • Peace was declared at midnight. (______)
    • Cue Card 2

Complete Sentences

1.Start with a ______________.

2.Have ___ ________________(. ? !)

3.Have a _________. (S)

4.Have a _________. (V)

5.Make _________.

S V . ? !

Cue Card 1

  • Action Verb
  • A word that _____ ___ _______of the ________of the sentence.
  • Examples:
    • _____ Actions ______ Actions
    • walk think
    • run want
    • Cue Card 3

The PENS Strategy

P_____ a formula

E______ the words to fit the formula

N_____ the words

S_______ and_______

Cue Card 4

slide3

Linking Verbs

Words that link the _______to another word that describes the ________.

Am Was

Are Were

Is Seem

Be

Been

Become

Cue Card 6

Search & Check Step

M

Ask ”Is there______?"

Root out the_______

(ask, ”Who or What _________?")

Key in on the

  • ____________of the sentence
  • ____________of the sentence
  • ____________of the sentence

Cue Card 5

Verb

A word that shows the _____ or _____-__- ______ of the subject.

Examples:

Action State-of being

__________ ___________

__________ ___________

__________ ___________

Cue Card 7

Infinitives

Usually made up of 2 words: the word “___” in front of an ______ verb

Examples:

Madonna likes to sing.

Sarah wants to ride the bus.

Tikki yearns to play football.

Cue Card 8a

slide4

Linking Verbs

  • Mark out imposters
    • infinitives
    • prepositional phrases
  • Ask ”Is there a verb?"
  • Root out the subject
  • (ask, ”Who or What _____?")
  • Key in on the
    • beginning
    • ending
    • Meaning
    • Cue Card 8b (complete)

Search & Check Step

Mark out __________

  • _________
  • ______________ _________

A___ ”Is there a _____?"

R_____ out the subject

(ask, ”Who or What _____?")

K____ in on the

  • beginning
  • ending
  • meaning

Cue Card 8b

Prepositions

about down past

above during

across since

after except

against through

along for throughout

amid from to

among toward

around in

at inside under

into underneath

before until

behind like up

below upon

beneath near

with

beside of within

between off without

beyond on

by over

out

outside of Cue Card 10a

Cue Card 9

slide5

Adjective

A word that describes a ______.

Examples:

The new black bike was Tom’s birthday present.

The last girl in line wore a blue shirt.

A terrible storm damaged the trees

Cue Card 11a

Prepositional Phrase

A group of words that show ________or

______________.

(where or when the action takes place)

  • Each prepositional phrase contains a _________ and at least one word, either:
    • _________
    • _________
    • _________
  • A bee flies _______ the jar.
  • A bee flew around the bottle for an hour.

Cue Card 10b

Helping Verbs

Words that help the ________________

show the action in a sentence.

Helping verbs join with a ______ verb to form a complete verb.

Examples:

Latasha can play the guitar.

The bird will build the nest.

Cue Card 12

  • Main Subject
  • The one word that best tells
  • what the sentence is about.
  • Example:
  • The new movie was exciting.
  • complete subject:_____________
  • complete verb________________
  • My little sister is five.
  • Complete subject:_____________
  • Complete verb:_______________
  • Cue Card 11b
slide6

am

are

is

was

were

Helping Verbs

may

can might

could must

do shall

dies should

did

has

have will

had would

Cue

Card 13a

Types of Simple Sentences

SV "One person doing one thing"

SSV "Two people doing one thing"

SVV "One person doing two things'

SSVV “Two people doing two things"

be being been

Recall Device for Helping Verbs

C H A D B. S W I M

2 3 2 3 3 2 4 1 3

Chad B. Swim is 23 years old

Cue Card 13b

  • Adverbs
  • Words that add information about the ______of
  • the subject of the sentence.
  • They show:
    • _______
    • _______
    • _______
    • To what extent the action takes place
    • _______
    • _______ Cue Card 14