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Fundamentals in the Sentence Writing Strategy. Cue Cards with Learning Sheets The University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning. NAME. The Unit Organizer. DATE. Expanded Unit Map. 9. is about. 10. NEW UNIT SELF-TEST QUESTIONS. Fundamentals of Sentence Writing.

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Fundamentals in the sentence writing strategy

Fundamentals inthe Sentence Writing Strategy

Cue Cards with Learning Sheets

The University of Kansas

Center for Research on Learning


Fundamentals in the sentence writing strategy

NAME

The Unit Organizer

DATE

Expanded Unit Map

9

is about...

10

NEW

UNIT

SELF-TEST

QUESTIONS

Fundamentals of Sentence Writing

Filling in the gaps prior to writing simple sentences

Through teaching these concepts and skills

Lesson 1: pg 9

Complete Sentence

Cue Cards #1-3

LS# 1A-H

Lesson 2: pg16

PENS Steps, MARK

Cue Cards #4-5

LS# 2A-3H

Lesson 3: pg24

Linking Verb

Cue Cards

#4,5,6,7

LS# 4A-5H

Lesson 4: pg30

Infinitive

Cue Cards #8

LS# 6A-7H

Lesson 5: pg38

Prepositional Phrase

Cue Cards# 8-10

LS# 8A-11H

Lesson 6: pg47

SSV

Cue Card: Simple Sent Checklist

LS# 12A- 13-H

Lesson 7: pg55

SVV

Cue Card: Simple Sent Checklist

LS# 14A- 16-H

Lesson 8: pg63

SSVV

Cue Cards: Simple Sent Checklist

LS# 17A- 19H

Lesson 9: pg71

Adjective, main subject

Cue Card # 11

LS # 20a-22H

Lesson 10: pg78

Complete verbs, helping verbs

Cue Cards# 12-13

LS# 23A-25H

Lesson 11: pg87

Adverb

Cue Cards #12-13

LS 26A-27H

  • What are the requirements of a complete sentence?

  • Explain the steps of the “PENS” Strategy.

  • How can the MARK steps help us check our sentences?


Lesson 1

Lesson 1

Complete Sentences


Complete sentence
Complete Sentence

1.Start with a capital letter

2.Have end punctuation(. ? !)

3.Have a subject(S)

4.Have a verb(V)

5.Make sense

S V . ? !


Subject
Subject

The person, place, thing, quality, or idea that the sentence is about.

  • Examples

    Jenna went for a walk. (Person)

    The store was closed. (Place)

    Balloons rose into the sky. (Things)

    Silence filled the streets. (Quality)

    Peace was declared at midnight. (Idea)


Action verb
Action Verb

A word that shows the action of the subject of the sentence.

  • Examples:

    Body ActionsMind Actions

    walk think

    run want


Lesson 2

Lesson 2

PENS & mARK


The pens strategy
The PENS Strategy

Pick a formula

Explore words to fit the formula

Note the words

Search and check


Search check step
Search & Check Step

M

Ask ”Is there a verb?"

Root out the subject

(ask, ”Who or What _____?")

Key in on the

  • beginning

  • ending

  • meaning


Lesson 3

Lesson 3

Linking Verbs


9 linking verbs
9 Linking Verbs

Words that link the subject to another word that describes the subject.

Am Was

Are Were

Is Seem

Be

Been

Become


Fundamentals in the sentence writing strategy
Verb

(Action & Linking)

A word that shows

the action or state-of-being

of the subject


Lesson 4

Lesson 4

Infinitives


Infinitives
Infinitives

  • Usually made up of 2 words: the word “to” in front of an action verb

    Examples:

    Madonna likes to sing.

    Sarah wants to ride the bus.

    Tikki yearns to play football.

I

I

I


Lesson 5

Lesson 5

Prepositional Phrases


Search check step1
Search & Check Step

Mark out imposters

  • infinitives

  • prepositional phrases

    Ask ”Is there a verb?"

    Root out the subject

    (ask, ”Who or What _____?")

    Key in on the

  • beginning

  • ending

  • meaning


Fundamentals in the sentence writing strategy

Prepositions

about down past

above during

across since

after except

against through

along for throughout

amid from to

among toward

around in

at inside under

into underneath

before until

behind like up

below upon

beneath near

with

beside of within

between off without

beyond on

by over

out

outside of


Prepositional phrase
Prepositional Phrase

  • A group of words that show place or time

  • (where or when the action takes place)

  • Each prepositional phrase contains a preposition and at least one word, either:

    • Person

    • Place

    • Thing

  • A Bee flies above the jar.

P


Lesson 6

Lesson 6

Simple Sentence Pattern

SSV


Types of simple sentences
Types of Simple Sentences

SV "One person doing one thing"

SSV "Two people doing one thing"


Lesson 7

Lesson 7

SVVSimple Sentence Pattern


Types of simple sentences1
Types of Simple Sentences

SV "One person doing one thing"

SSV "Two people doing one thing"

SVV "One person doing two things'


Lesson 8

Lesson 8

SSVV

Simple Sentence Pattern


Types of simple sentences2
Types of Simple Sentences

SV "One person doing one thing"

SSV "Two people doing one thing"

SVV "One person doing two things'

SSVV "Two people doing two things"


Lesson 9

Lesson 9

Adjectives

&

Main Subjects


Adjective
Adjective

A word that

describes a noun.


Main subject
Main Subject

The one word

that best tells

what the sentence

is about.


Lesson 10

Lesson 10

Complete Verbs

&

Helping Verbs


Helping verbs
Helping Verbs

Words that help

the main verb

show the action

in a sentence.


Fundamentals in the sentence writing strategy

am

are

is

was

were

Helping Verbs

may

might

must

can

could

do

does

did

shall

should

has

have

had

will

would

be being been


Recall device for helping verbs
Recall Device for Helping Verbs

C H A D B. S W I M

2 3 2 3 3 2 4 1 3

Chad B. Swim is 23 years old


Lesson 11

Lesson 11

Adverbs


Adverbs
Adverbs

Words that add information about the action of the subject of the sentence.

They show:

  • when

  • where

  • how

  • to what extent (how often, how much) the action takes place