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Chinese Philosophies. Philosophy - the study of man’s thinking about the meaning of life and truth and from that investigating how a person should act or behave. 3 Chinese Philosophies - Confucianism - Daoism - Legalism.

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Philosophy-the study of man’s thinking about the meaning of life and truth and from that investigating how a person should act or behave.3 Chinese Philosophies-Confucianism-Daoism-Legalism

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Philosophies-Over time, the feudal system established by the Zhou began to break down.-This period of chaos in which the different feudal states battled one another became known as the Warring States Period.

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Warring States Period-The civil wars of the Warring States Period lasted over 200 years.-This period of instability ended in 221 BC when the Qin state defeated its rivals.

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Philosophies-Upset with the disorder of the Warring States Period, many thinkers began to try and make sense of and improve the chaotic world in which they lived.-This led to the creation of 3 major Chinese philosophies.

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Confucianism-One of these thinkers was a man named Confucius, who became the most influential teacherin Chinese history.-His teachings became known as Confucianism. Over time his teachings were put into a booktitled, The Analects.-Confucianism emphasizes such values as family, tradition, mutual respect, ethicsand moral values. Focus is on the human world.

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Basic beliefs of Confucianism-Respect-Respecteveryone, especially your elders. Be kind to all.-Family values-Children should respect and obey their parents. All family members should beloyalto each other. Fathers should display high moral values.-Government-Ruler should act like a father to his people. Rule byexample, not through laws and punishment. Government officials should earn their jobs through education and talent.

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Daoism-Beliefs-Philosophy that stresses living in harmony with theDao, which is the guiding force of all reality.-Daoists believe that people should avoid interfering with nature and each other. They should be like water and go with the flow.-Daoists believe that the universe is a balanceof opposites (Yin Yang). -Daoists believe they should be in harmony with nature and focus on the natural world.

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Daoism-BeliefsGovernment-Daoistsbelieve that the government should stay out of people’s lives. Their ideal ruler was a wise man who was in harmony with the Dao. He would govern so effortlessly that his people would not even know they were being governed-Laoziwas the most famous Daoist teacher. He taught that people should not try to gain wealth and power. His basic text on Daoism is titled, The Way and Its Power.

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Legalism-The belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlledthrough strict laws and harsh punishments.-Believed in mutual responsibility, which means they were held accountable for others actions. For example, a guilty person’s relatives and neighbors will also be punished accordingly.

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Legalism- BeliefsGovernment- All about social orderand control . People needed to be controlled through strict rules and harsh punishments.-Stressed unity and efficiency. People were told to respect authority.-Legalists wanted their empire to expand so they urged the people to always be prepared for war.-EmperorQinwas a Legalist.

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Review-When the Zhou feudal system collapsed, China entered into the Warring States Period.-During this time we saw the creation of the three main Chinese philosophies.-All 3 of these became popular and competed for followers.-Legalism had an immediate impact on the government of the Dynasty to emerge from the Warring States Period, the Qin Dynasty.